Toidu kestlikkus

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Toit on meie elu keskmes ja Euroopa kultuuri lahutamatu osa. Toidul, mida me sööme, selle tootmise viisil ja raisatud toidu kogustel on suur mõju inimeste tervisele, loodusvaradele ja ühiskonnale tervikuna:

  • inimesed, sh iseäranis lapsed, kannatavad ebatervisliku toitumise tõttu üha enam ülekaalulisuse ja rasvumise all;
  • põllumajandustootjad ja -töötajad ei saa oma toodangu eest õiglast hinda;
  • kogu toiduahelas läheb kaotsi või raisku kolmandik toidust;
  • tagajärjed jäävad keskkonna kanda: toidu tootmisel ja tarbimisel on ränk mõju kliimamuutustele, elurikkuse vähenemisele, õhu- ja veereostusele, mulla degradeerumisele jne.

COVID-19 kriis on häirekell, mis annab märku muutuste vajadusest. See on esile toonud, et toidu jõudmist talust taldrikule ei tohi võtta enesestmõistetavana, ning on näidanud osalejate ja tegevuse omavahelist seotust kogu toidusüsteemis. Rohkem kui kunagi varem on kogu põllumajanduse ja toiduainesektoris vaja õiglasi, ressursitõhusaid, kaasavaid ja kestlikke tarneahelaid, et varustada ühtviisi nii inimesi, põllumajandustootjaid, töötajaid kui ka ettevõtteid.

Komitee on juba aastaid olnud kestliku ja tervikliku toidupoliitika nõudmisel esirinnas. Selline integreeritud ja süsteemne lähenemisviis on oluline, et lahendada toidusüsteeme mõjutavad arvukad ja omavahel seotud probleemid, tagada majanduslik, keskkonnaalane ja sotsiaalkultuuriline jätkusuutlikkus, kindlustada poliitikavaldkondade (nt põllumajandus, keskkond, tervishoid, haridus, kaubandus, majandus ja tehnoloogia) integreeritus ja sidusus ning edendada valitsemistasandite koostööd.

  • At the request of the French Presidency of the Council of the EU, in the opinion on Food security and sustainable food systems adopted at its plenary session on 19 January 2022, the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) identified the key levers for sustainable and competitive EU food production and for reducing dependence on imports while increasing the EU's protein autonomy.

  • Strengthening local and regional food production and processing within the EU and guaranteeing decent working conditions for all workers in agriculture and the wider food sector are important objectives in seeking to improve the sustainability of the European food supply chain. Other aspects of key importance to sustainability are fair international trading practices, encouraging more women and young people into the farming sector, and structured stakeholder involvement and dialogue.

  • Extraordinary meeting of the Diversity Europe Group in the context of the Slovenian Presidency of the Council of the EU and the Conference on the Future of Europe on 29 November 2021

  • Recent events caused by COVID-19, extreme weather due to climate disruption, cyber-attacks and Brexit demonstrate the need to rethink priorities and improve the resilience and sustainability of EU food systems by reinforcing its autonomy. Food security is not a given for many EU citizens.

  • Organic Food
    Reference number
    38/2021

    With Europe slowly getting back on track after the COVID-19 crisis, it is high time to move from words to action and implement the Farm to Fork strategy. The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) strongly advocates supporting the transformation of Europe's food systems so that they are more environmentally, economically and socially sustainable, and notes that consumers have a key role to play in this context. It also stresses that cooperation (rather than competition) among food chain operators is essential to foster a more resilient and inclusive food system, ensuring a fair share for all.

  • Sustainable food Systems

    On World Sustainable Gastronomy Day, the EESC stresses the importance of setting the sustainability bar high on how the world should aspire to feed itself in the coming decades. It is critical to take into account where ingredients come from, how food is grown and how it gets from farms to our forks, and to carry out the urgent transformations needed to achieve more sustainable food systems. All citizens and stakeholders across all food chains, in the EU and elsewhere, should benefit from a just and inclusive transition, especially in the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic and the economic downturn.

  • A statement by Andreas Thurner, newly elected president of the Thematic Group on Sustainable Food Systems, on sustainable, healthy, inclusive and fair food systems and the specific priorities for his mandate.

  • In 2021, UN Secretary-General António Guterres will convene a Food Systems Summit as part of the Decade of Action to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. The Summit will focus on the the fact that we all must work together to transform the way the world produces, consumes and thinks about food. 

  • The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) adopted the opinion From Farm to Fork: a sustainable food strategy at its September Plenary session, following the European Commission's communication on the Farm to Fork Strategy - for a fair, healthy and environmentally-friendly food system. As an integral part of the European Green Deal, this is the first EU strategy claiming to encompass the entirety of the food chain.

  • In light of the two newly adopted strategies of the European Commission on Biodiversity and Sustainable Food, we have put together some relevant infographics that illustrate the aim of these strategies.