Potravinová udržateľnosť

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Potraviny sú základom nášho života a neoddeliteľnou súčasťou európskej kultúry. Avšak to, aké potraviny konzumujeme, akým spôsobom ich vyrábame a ako nimi plytváme, má veľký vplyv na ľudské zdravie, prírodné zdroje a spoločnosť ako celok:

  • Občania – a najmä deti – čoraz viac trpia nadváhou a obezitou v dôsledku nezdravého stravovania.
  • Poľnohospodári a pracovníci nedostávajú za svoje výrobky spravodlivú cenu.
  • V celom potravinovom reťazci sa zničí alebo vyhodí jedna tretina potravín.
  • Dopláca na to životné prostredie, keďže výroba a spotreba potravín majú dramatické dôsledky, pokiaľ ide o zmenu klímy, stratu biodiverzity, znečistenie ovzdušia a vody, degradáciu pôdy atď.

Kríza COVID-19 bola varovným signálom, že nastal čas na zmenu. Ukázala nám, že skutočnosť, že sa potraviny dostávajú „z farmy na stôl“, nemožno považovať za samozrejmosť, a odhalila vzájomnú prepojenosť subjektov a činností v poľnohospodárstve a celom potravinovom systéme. V celom odvetví poľnohospodárstva a potravinárstva sú viac než kedykoľvek predtým potrebné spravodlivé, inkluzívne a udržateľné dodávateľské reťazce efektívne využívajúce zdroje, aby mali z neho rovnaký prospech občania, poľnohospodári, pracovníci aj podniky.

EHSV sa už roky intenzívne zasadzuje za udržateľnú a komplexnú potravinovú politiku. Takýto integrovaný a systémový prístup je nevyhnutný na to, aby sa vyriešilo množstvo vzájomne prepojených výziev, ktorým čelia potravinové systémy, aby sa zaručila hospodárska, environmentálna a sociálno-kultúrna udržateľnosť, zaistila integrácia a koherentnosť vo všetkých oblastiach politiky (ako je poľnohospodárstvo, životné prostredie, zdravie, vzdelávanie, obchod, hospodárstvo, technológie atď.) a podporila spolupráca všetkých úrovní verejnej správy.

  • EU organic awards
    Reference number
    6/2022

    Today, as a true pan-European collaborative venture, the European Commission, the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC), the European Committee of the Regions (CoR), COPA-COGECA and IFOAM Organics Europe are together launching the first ever EU organic awards. These awards will recognise excellence along the organic value chain, rewarding the best and most innovative actors in organic production in the EU. Applications will be open from 25 March until 8 June 2022.

  • At the request of the French Presidency of the Council of the EU, in the opinion on Food security and sustainable food systems adopted at its plenary session on 19 January 2022, the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) identified the key levers for sustainable and competitive EU food production and for reducing dependence on imports while increasing the EU's protein autonomy.

  • Strengthening local and regional food production and processing within the EU and guaranteeing decent working conditions for all workers in agriculture and the wider food sector are important objectives in seeking to improve the sustainability of the European food supply chain. Other aspects of key importance to sustainability are fair international trading practices, encouraging more women and young people into the farming sector, and structured stakeholder involvement and dialogue.

  • Extraordinary meeting of the Diversity Europe Group in the context of the Slovenian Presidency of the Council of the EU and the Conference on the Future of Europe on 29 November 2021

  • Recent events caused by COVID-19, extreme weather due to climate disruption, cyber-attacks and Brexit demonstrate the need to rethink priorities and improve the resilience and sustainability of EU food systems by reinforcing its autonomy. Food security is not a given for many EU citizens.

  • Organic Food
    Reference number
    38/2021

    With Europe slowly getting back on track after the COVID-19 crisis, it is high time to move from words to action and implement the Farm to Fork strategy. The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) strongly advocates supporting the transformation of Europe's food systems so that they are more environmentally, economically and socially sustainable, and notes that consumers have a key role to play in this context. It also stresses that cooperation (rather than competition) among food chain operators is essential to foster a more resilient and inclusive food system, ensuring a fair share for all.

  • Sustainable food Systems

    On World Sustainable Gastronomy Day, the EESC stresses the importance of setting the sustainability bar high on how the world should aspire to feed itself in the coming decades. It is critical to take into account where ingredients come from, how food is grown and how it gets from farms to our forks, and to carry out the urgent transformations needed to achieve more sustainable food systems. All citizens and stakeholders across all food chains, in the EU and elsewhere, should benefit from a just and inclusive transition, especially in the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic and the economic downturn.

  • A statement by Andreas Thurner, newly elected president of the Thematic Group on Sustainable Food Systems, on sustainable, healthy, inclusive and fair food systems and the specific priorities for his mandate.

  • In 2021, UN Secretary-General António Guterres will convene a Food Systems Summit as part of the Decade of Action to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. The Summit will focus on the the fact that we all must work together to transform the way the world produces, consumes and thinks about food. 

  • The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) adopted the opinion From Farm to Fork: a sustainable food strategy at its September Plenary session, following the European Commission's communication on the Farm to Fork Strategy - for a fair, healthy and environmentally-friendly food system. As an integral part of the European Green Deal, this is the first EU strategy claiming to encompass the entirety of the food chain.