The opinion will be making recommendations where weaknesses become apparent. Since the EESC proposed this opinion the European Commission has also announced a public hearing on potential EU initiative for responsible sourcing of minerals coming from conflict-affected and high-risk areas – war zones, post-war zones, and areas vulnerable to political instability or civil unrest. The opinion on essential imports could include the EESC contribution to this initiative.
Rialaítear an trádáil idirnáisiúnta le sraith chasta de rialacha domhanda arna gcomhaontú faoi chomhaontuithe na hEagraíochta Domhanda Trádála agus faoi chomhaontuithe déthaobhacha agus iltaobhacha. Is ag méadú de réir a chéile atá tionchar na gcomhaontuithe saorthrádála ar chearta na saoránach. Faoi Chonradh Liospóin, ní mór beartas trádála an Aontas Eorpaigh a chur i gcrích faoi chuimsiú phrionsabail agus chuspóirí ghníomhaíocht sheachtrach an Aontais, lena n-áirítear an smacht reachta, cearta an duine agus forbairt inbhuanaithe a chur chun cinn.
Creidimid gur cheart an treocht seo a bheith ina treoirphrionsabal i dtaca le caibidlíocht trádála an Aontais agus le caidreamh trádála. Tá breisluach dháiríre ag baint leis an gcaoi a ndéanann CESE iarracht ar sheasaimh agus tuairimí lucht gnó, oibrithe, gairmithe, feirmeoirí, tomhaltóirí agus geallsealbhóirí tábhachtacha eile a thabhairt le chéile. Táimid in ann tuairimí na sochaí sibhialta agus na ngrúpaí sainleasa a chur in iúl go héifeachtúil do lucht ceaptha beartas idirnáisiúnta le linn caibidlíochta agus le linn cur chun feidhme comhaontuithe trádála. Chuireamar Coiste Leantach um Thrádáil Idirnáisiúnta ar bun chun a chinntiú go mbeadh tionchar ag an tsochaí shibhialta ar fhorbairt bheartas trádála an Aontais Eorpaigh. Ina cheann sin, táimid i mbun na Grúpaí Comhairleacha Baile a bhainistiú, a bunaíodh faoi na caibidlí maidir le trádáil agus forbairt inbhuanaithe atá sa "ghlúin nua" de chomhaontuithe trádála an Aontais Eorpaigh. Is iad na grúpaí sin, atá comhdhéanta d'ionadaithe ón tsochaí shibhialta (ón taobh istigh de CESE agus ón taobh amuigh), atá freagrach as fadhbanna a bhaineann le trádáil agus forbairt inbhuanaithe a aithint nuair a bhíonn comhaontú trádála á chur chun feidhme.
Opinion on the Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on certain procedures for applying the Stabilisation and Association Agreement between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the Republic of Montenegro, of the other part (codification)
In its opinion the EESC underlines that the social economy is a key player and helps to achieve the objectives of all European policies with an external dimension: external and security policy, trade policy, neighbourhood policy, climate change policy, development cooperation and sustainable development policy. However, the lack of an appropriate regulatory environment, at both European and national level, prevents this sector from developing its full potential and maximising its impact. The Commission and the Member States must promote the participation, consultation and coordination of their external entrepreneurial and development cooperation activities with the bodies representing the social economy at European and national level, as well as with those of partner countries, and with international social economy organisations with a North-South and South-South dimension.
The EU today faces an increasing demand for a constructive dialogue with civil society on trade, as seen with CETA and TTIP. Domestic advisory groups (DAG) are a great way to connect citizens with trade issues. DAG should responsibly advise on all aspects of EU Trade Agreements.
Domestic advisory groups should be advisory, consultative, institutionalized and competent to cover all provisions of FTAs.
The EESC considers that the participation of civil society in all FTAs is an indispensable element in the strategic ambitions of the external policies of the EU.
The EESC considers its participation in DAGs valuable and wishes to continue to be part of all of them.
The EESC asks budgetary authorities for an additional budget to support Domestic Advisory Groups to fulfil the expected work in terms of quantity and quality.
The opinion will seek to examine how trade relations with the region can best be developed by means of a first example country, which is Morocco. Trade relations with Morocco stand out as a priority because the EU currently has the closest trade links with Morocco of all the countries in the region.
Opinion on the Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on protection against subsidised imports from countries not members of the European Union (codification)
The EESC is committed to open and fair trade and recognises its value as a driver of growth and jobs. Therefore, the EESC calls for a level playing field between European and third country exporting producers, and for effective trade defence instruments. The EESC supports the Commission's proposal that the dumping margin should be calculated not using the standard methodology, but on the basis of benchmarks that take account of significantly distorted production and sale costs. The EESC points out that in its 2016 opinion on preserving sustainable jobs and growth in the steel industry, it already called for the standard methodology not to be used in anti-dumping and anti-subsidy investigations into Chinese imports as long as the country failed to meet the EU's five criteria for market economy status. The EESC welcomes the Commission's intention of using specific criteria to determine whether there are significant distortions in the market situation.
In the Committee's view, the right to food is a fundamental citizenship right, as is the right of civil society to intervene in all aspects of this issue; moreover, it considers global food security to be a fundamental human right.
Opinion on the Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council protecting against the effects of the extra-territorial application of legislation adopted by a third country and actions based thereon or resulting therefrom (recast)
Opinion on the Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on measures that the Union may take in relation to the combined effect of anti-dumping or anti-subsidy measures with safeguard measures (codification)