The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) warns against granting China market economy status (MES) and calls on the European institutions to promote fair international competition and actively defend European jobs and European values with efficient trade defence instruments (TDIs). In its opinion, adopted at its 514th plenary session on 14th July, the EESC points to the disastrous impact a possible granting of MES to China would have on Europe's industry and consequently on Europe's labour market. The EESC insists on China's fulfilment of the five EU criteria for achieving the MES.
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Rialaítear an trádáil idirnáisiúnta le sraith chasta de rialacha domhanda arna gcomhaontú faoi chomhaontuithe na hEagraíochta Domhanda Trádála agus faoi chomhaontuithe déthaobhacha agus iltaobhacha. Is ag méadú de réir a chéile atá tionchar na gcomhaontuithe saorthrádála ar chearta na saoránach. Faoi Chonradh Liospóin, ní mór beartas trádála an Aontas Eorpaigh a chur i gcrích faoi chuimsiú phrionsabail agus chuspóirí ghníomhaíocht sheachtrach an Aontais, lena n-áirítear an smacht reachta, cearta an duine agus forbairt inbhuanaithe a chur chun cinn.
Creidimid gur cheart an treocht seo a bheith ina treoirphrionsabal i dtaca le caibidlíocht trádála an Aontais agus le caidreamh trádála. Tá breisluach dháiríre ag baint leis an gcaoi a ndéanann CESE iarracht ar sheasaimh agus tuairimí lucht gnó, oibrithe, gairmithe, feirmeoirí, tomhaltóirí agus geallsealbhóirí tábhachtacha eile a thabhairt le chéile. Táimid in ann tuairimí na sochaí sibhialta agus na ngrúpaí sainleasa a chur in iúl go héifeachtúil do lucht ceaptha beartas idirnáisiúnta le linn caibidlíochta agus le linn cur chun feidhme comhaontuithe trádála. Chuireamar Coiste Leantach um Thrádáil Idirnáisiúnta ar bun chun a chinntiú go mbeadh tionchar ag an tsochaí shibhialta ar fhorbairt bheartas trádála an Aontais Eorpaigh. Ina cheann sin, táimid i mbun na Grúpaí Comhairleacha Baile a bhainistiú, a bunaíodh faoi na caibidlí maidir le trádáil agus forbairt inbhuanaithe atá sa "ghlúin nua" de chomhaontuithe trádála an Aontais Eorpaigh. Is iad na grúpaí sin, atá comhdhéanta d'ionadaithe ón tsochaí shibhialta (ón taobh istigh de CESE agus ón taobh amuigh), atá freagrach as fadhbanna a bhaineann le trádáil agus forbairt inbhuanaithe a aithint nuair a bhíonn comhaontú trádála á chur chun feidhme.
The EU acknowledges the increasing importance of including the EU and partner countries' companies in the GSCs. It is also emphasised that the current interdependence of the economies may further increase due to the recently negotiated and implemented EU trade and investment agreements, as well as negotiations at the WTO. The EESC also recommends cooperation between international organisations and other relevant stakeholders. This would include adopting a common language and common definitions of elements related to global value chains, GSCs and decent work, and comparison and assessment of the statistical data between the various stakeholders, such as the OECD, the International Labour Organisation (ILO), WTO, the European Commission, the World Bank and IFM. This should help avoid confusion and misinterpretation, and support elaboration of a coherent policy between diverse public bodies involved.
Draft Opinion on the Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the safeguard measures provided for in the Agreement between the European Economic Community and the Republic of Iceland (codification)
Since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, the investment policy is an exclusive competence of the European Union. The EU is aiming to include therefore in the new trade and investment agreements provisions on investor protection and investor to state dispute settlement (ISDS) which will replace existing Bilateral Investment Agreements (BIT) signed by Member States and will grant the same level of protection to all EU investors.
The Commission recently published a Communication on a Renewed Partnership with the ACP Group of countries. ACP-EU relations are currently governed by the Cotonou Partnership Agreement that will expire in 2020, therefore the Commission has published recommendations on what the future structure should be. Last year the EESC already drafted a general opinion on the post-Cotonou framework; this new opinion will have to answer specifically to the Commission's communication.
In the Committee's view, the right to food is a fundamental citizenship right, as is the right of civil society to intervene in all aspects of this issue; moreover, it considers global food security to be a fundamental human right.
Opinion on the Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on common rules for exports (codification)
The proposal on an International Procurement Instrument (IPI) is the EU response to the lack of a level playing field in world procurement markets. While our public procurement market is open to foreign bidders, the procurement markets for foreign goods and services in third countries remain to a large extent closed de iure or de facto. The IPI aims at encouraging partners to engage in negotiations and opening participation for EU bidders and goods in third countries' tenders. A first proposal on this issue was made in 2012 (COM(2012) 124 final) but there was no agreement in the Council. The new Commission proposal incorporates some of the changes requested from the European Parliament and tries to reply to some of the concerns expressed in the Council. A number of Member States have expressed reservations as regards the principle of closing the EU market for goods and services originating in certain third countries, even if only temporarily and in a targeted way.
A pro-active mindset in business is needed to open up to increasing flows of data and develop the ability to process big data. Flexible and more adaptable business models must be put in place in the context of the current transformation process.
The Commission should carry out a precise analysis of the state of play and of defensive attitudes to the free flow of data in the Member States in order to remove unjustified barriers by putting the right legal and technical provisions in place. Removing unjustified barriers to free flow of data should be an integral part of a Europe-wide industrial policy. Opening up of national markets should also be covered by the European Semester.
As a matter of principle, contractual freedom in the private sector should be respected. A general EU framework for standards is desirable but standards should in no way hamper innovation. Portability should be promoted.
Opinion on the Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on common rules for imports (codification)