Since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, the investment policy is an exclusive competence of the European Union. The EU is aiming to include therefore in the new trade and investment agreements provisions on investor protection and investor to state dispute settlement (ISDS) which will replace existing Bilateral Investment Agreements (BIT) signed by Member States and will grant the same level of protection to all EU investors.
I dtaca leis an Aontas Eorpach, SAM agus Ceanada de, tá na luachanna seo a leanas acu uile: an daonlathas, cearta an duine maille le saoirse eacnamaíoch agus pholaitiúil, agus is mar a chéile cuid mhaith an beartas eachtrach atá acu agus na saincheisteanna slándála is cás leo. Tá SAM agus Ceanada ar na comhpháirtithe trádála is mó dá bhfuil ag an Aontas Eorpach agus is comhpháirtithe iad freisin san obair atá ar siúl chun an t-ord dlíthiúil idirnáisiúnta a leagan síos. Sa lá atá inniu ann, is i dtimpeallacht nua atá an caidreamh trasatlantach á chothú agus is ag dul i méid atá na dúshláin a ghabhann leis. Nuair a bhíonn baint ag an tsochaí shibhialta leis an ngaol seo, measaimid go ndeimhníonn sin go mbeidh an caidreamh trasatlantach in ann freagairt d'ionchais an phobail agus cuidiú ar bhonn éifeachtach chun comhar a mhúnlú a bheidh chun tairbhe an dá thaobh.
An 30 Deireadh Fómhair 2016, síníodh an Comhaontú Cuimsitheach Eacnamaíoch agus Trádála (CETA) idir an tAontas Eorpach agus Ceanada agus an Comhaontú Comhpháirtíochta Straitéisí. Féachfaimid chuige go mbeidh an tsochaí shibhialta rannpháirteach ar bhonn leanúnach i gcur chun feidhme na gcomhaontuithe sin. Tá an chaibidlíocht faoin gComhpháirtíocht Thrasatlantach Trádála agus Infheistíochta (TTIP) idir an tAontas Eorpach agus na Stáit Aontaithe ina stad faoi láthair. Mar sin féin, chuidigh an chaibidlíocht faoin gComhpháirtíocht leis na naisc idir an tsochaí shibhialta san Aontas agus sna Stáit Aontaithe a neartú agus le tuairimí na sochaí sibhialta a shainiú maidir leis an gcaoi ba cheart don chaidreamh trádála idir an tAontas agus na Stáit Aontaithe a bheith amach anseo. Níor cheart a bhfuil bainte amach a chailleadh. Bunaíodh an Coiste Leantach um Chaidreamh Trasatlantach atá againn i mí Mheán Fómhair 2014 agus é de shainordú aige monatóireacht a dhéanamh ar naisc shibhialta leis an tsochaí shibhialta maille le hidirphlé rialta a thionscnamh agus comhairliúchán a dhéanamh ar shaincheisteanna a bhaineann leis an gcaidreamh leis na Stáit Aontaithe agus Ceanada.
The EESC has played an important role in strengthening an informed civil society debate on the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) through a number of TTIP-related opinions, adopted in 2014 and 2015, covering issues such as labour rights, investment protection, impact on SMEs, among others.
It is important under the present circumstances that the EESC, in order to maintain its position as a key civil society player in the TTIP debate, react to the textual proposals for TTIP negotiations on essential topics such as the sustainable development chapter, regulatory cooperation, investment and services. This will have the advantage not only of setting up the EESC position on major negotiating chapters but also of presenting concrete recommendations and pointing out the need to involve civil society in the implementation of those chapters.
On 12 June 2014, the Commission presented a proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council codifying Council Regulation (EC) No 673/2005 of 25 April 2005 establishing additional customs duties on imports of certain products originating in the United States of America.
The main goal of the opinion is to provide a good and qualitative source of information and opinion in the beginning of TTIP negotiations process.
The own-initiative opinion will focus on the impact of the TTIP on SMEs and reflect on the provisions that would need to be included in the TTIP in order to take account of the specific character of SMEs in the negotiations and implementation of an eventual EU-US agreement. The opinion will also look at how to increase the awareness of SMEs as to existing support services and programmes, and particularly about the new business opportunities that may arise with this agreement.
With discussions for TTIP now at a critical point, the EESC has published a new opinion, ‘The position of the EESC on specific key issues of the TTIP negotiations’. The own-initiative opinion assesses some key issues of the negotiations and identifies the main considerations for European civil society. This new ...
The role of trade as a generator of growth and jobs is undeniable, but public perception of the further liberalisation of trade is getting worse and citizens' concerns must be addressed far more effectively than before. This was one of the conclusions of the conference on "Strengthening European Growth and Competitiveness: Proactive Trade Agenda – NOW!" that took place in Helsinki on 26 October.
The role of trade as a generator of growth and jobs is undeniable, but public perception of the further liberalisation of trade is getting worse and citizens' concerns must be addressed far more effectively than before. This was one of the conclusions of the conference on "Strengthening European Growth and Competitiveness: Proactive Trade Agenda – NOW!" that took place in Helsinki on 26 October. Jacek Krawczyk, President of the EESC Employers' Group, added:
It is our responsibility to advocate for trade; we cannot take it for granted that people understand what the benefits ...
Transatlantic relations remain strong and important even though they have recently had a very bad press. Business, both in the EU and the US, has a role to play in overcoming current difficulties. Together, we can effectively promote a positive transatlantic agenda and help to fight stereotypes and misinformation. These are just some of the conclusions of the debate with Susan Danger, CEO of the American Chamber of Commerce to the EU. The debate took place during the Employers' Group meeting on 11 July 2018.
The event gathered all main national social partners (business federations and trade unions from the 28 Member States) for a full-day debate on the opportunities and challenges of TTIP for the social partners. The meeting allowed for discussion on concrete topics via plenary sessions and parallel panels. The overall objective of the conference was to inform social partners at the national level about the different aspects of TTIP, to promote a balanced exchange of views and experiences between these different national groups aimed at reaching some common understanding on the TTIP and its repercussions.