Trade Policy Review - An Open, Sustainable and Assertive Trade Policy
Rialaítear an trádáil idirnáisiúnta le sraith chasta de rialacha domhanda arna gcomhaontú faoi chomhaontuithe na hEagraíochta Domhanda Trádála agus faoi chomhaontuithe déthaobhacha agus iltaobhacha. Is ag méadú de réir a chéile atá tionchar na gcomhaontuithe saorthrádála ar chearta na saoránach. Faoi Chonradh Liospóin, ní mór beartas trádála an Aontas Eorpaigh a chur i gcrích faoi chuimsiú phrionsabail agus chuspóirí ghníomhaíocht sheachtrach an Aontais, lena n-áirítear an smacht reachta, cearta an duine agus forbairt inbhuanaithe a chur chun cinn.
Creidimid gur cheart an treocht seo a bheith ina treoirphrionsabal i dtaca le caibidlíocht trádála an Aontais agus le caidreamh trádála. Tá breisluach dháiríre ag baint leis an gcaoi a ndéanann CESE iarracht ar sheasaimh agus tuairimí lucht gnó, oibrithe, gairmithe, feirmeoirí, tomhaltóirí agus geallsealbhóirí tábhachtacha eile a thabhairt le chéile. Táimid in ann tuairimí na sochaí sibhialta agus na ngrúpaí sainleasa a chur in iúl go héifeachtúil do lucht ceaptha beartas idirnáisiúnta le linn caibidlíochta agus le linn cur chun feidhme comhaontuithe trádála. Chuireamar Coiste Leantach um Thrádáil Idirnáisiúnta ar bun chun a chinntiú go mbeadh tionchar ag an tsochaí shibhialta ar fhorbairt bheartas trádála an Aontais Eorpaigh. Ina cheann sin, táimid i mbun na Grúpaí Comhairleacha Baile a bhainistiú, a bunaíodh faoi na caibidlí maidir le trádáil agus forbairt inbhuanaithe atá sa "ghlúin nua" de chomhaontuithe trádála an Aontais Eorpaigh. Is iad na grúpaí sin, atá comhdhéanta d'ionadaithe ón tsochaí shibhialta (ón taobh istigh de CESE agus ón taobh amuigh), atá freagrach as fadhbanna a bhaineann le trádáil agus forbairt inbhuanaithe a aithint nuair a bhíonn comhaontú trádála á chur chun feidhme.
Global supply chains (GSC) are key and complex in economic activities across the world and in global trade. Economic growth, job creation and entrepreneurship are also contested by evidence of negative implications for working conditions as well as for sustainability in some supply chains.
The COVID-19 crisis has unveiled the serious downfalls related to highly fragmented and undiversified supply chains. It exposed the vulnerability of workers' health and safety, and it highlighted violations of human rights. Trade will have to play a key role in promoting a sustainable economic recovery. However, stronger instruments need to deliver on a socially and environmentally responsible business, trade and investment agenda.
GSC need to become more resilient, diversified and responsible, and ambitious actions need to ensure they contribute to a fairer economic and social model, based on sustainability and decent work.
This opinion deals with three of four megatrends at the heart of the new Commission priorities: climate change, biodiversity loss and globalisation. While the European Green Deal will result in higher environmental standards with, for instance, stricter climate change targets, it is important that all Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) are not undermining these improvements by contributing to deforestation or biodiversity loss in other countries. As one of the world's largest importer of energy, agricultural goods and raw materials, the EU has contributed to deforestation and biodiversity loss in other countries.
- The common foundation of any EU political engagement leading to an equal development partnership with Africa shall be based on a multidimensional approach, articulating the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the respect of Universal Human Rights (UHRs) - including fundamental rights, the right to a healthy environment and the freedom to conduct a business.
- The EESC advocates promoting a decent life and good prospects, creating a middle class and supporting equal partnerships by strengthening sustainable social-liberal democratic structures in Africa.
- The EESC highlights that the EU strategy on Africa must focus on Development and welcomes the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA).
- The EESC reiterates the important role of organised civil society in the up-coming ACP-EU Partnership Agreement.
The unprecedented magnitude of the COVID crisis requires an unprecedented, long-term and unequivocal response. International trade is a vital tool to finance recovery ge get out of the crisis. In these efforts, the EU must stay true to its values and ensure the protection of businesses, workers and people, leaving no one behind. Recovery must be based on sustainability, and inclusive and green growth. Green Deal measures are therefore more relevant than ever.
The Covid-19 impact is having a profound and unprecedented impact and Europe needs to respond with a strong, social, sustainable and inclusive EU Recovery Plan that will support companies and people. The upcoming early EU Trade Strategy review needs to draw important lessons from this crisis. The EU is not self-sufficient and depends on access to international markets. It needs resilient, diversified and responsible Global supply chains. Stronger instruments need to deliver on a sustainable trade and investment agenda in all its dimensions. It needs to be consistent with the Green Deal and show equal ambition on the effective implementation and enforcement of labour provisions. European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) recommendations made in a series of recent and ongoing key opinions on EU trade must inform this strategy review.
A system of corporate liability for human rights abuses is currently being negotiated in the UN, within the UNHRC’s open-ended intergovernmental working group on transnational corporations and other business enterprises concerning human rights (OEIGWG), established by the UN General Assembly on 26 June 2014. The mandate of the working group is to elaborate an international legally binding instrument to regulate, in international human rights law, the activities of transnational corporations and other business enterprises.