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Mezinárodní obchod

International trade is governed by a complex mixture of global rules agreed under World Trade Organization and bilateral and multilateral agreements. The free trade agreements are having a growing impact on citizens' rights. Under the Lisbon Treaty, EU trade policy must be conducted within the framework of the principles and objectives of the Union’s external action, including promotion of the rule of law, human rights and sustainable development.

We believe that this trend should be a guiding principle in EU trade negotiations and in trade relations. The fact that we at the EESC reconcile the positions and views of business, workers, professionals, farmers, consumers and other important stakeholders contributes real added value. We are in a position to efficiently relay the opinions of civil society and interest groups to international policy-makers both during negotiations and in the implementation of trade agreements. We have set up a Follow-up Committee on International trade to ensure that civil society has a say in the shaping of EU trade policy. We are also managing the Domestic Advisory groups set up under the trade and sustainable development chapters of the EU "new generation" trade agreements. These groups, composed of civil society representatives (from inside and outside the EESC) are responsible for identifying trade and sustainable development-related problems in the implementation of a trade agreement.

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přijatá stanoviska on 19/04/2018
Odkaz: 
REX/498-EESC-2017
Plenární zasedání: 
534 -
Apr 18, 2018 Apr 19, 2018

The EU has one of the world's most open investment regimes, and collectively EU Member States have the fewest restrictions in the world on foreign direct investment (FDI). The OECD expressly acknowledged this in its FDI Regulatory Restrictiveness Index which measures statutory barriers against foreign investment in over 60 countries.

The Commission's reflection paper of 10 May 2017 on Harnessing Globalisation recognised increasing concerns about foreign investors' strategic acquisitions of European companies with key technologies. These concerns called into question the capacity of the current regulatory framework to address them.

EESC opinion: Screening of foreign direct investments into the European Union

přijatá stanoviska on 10/12/2014
Odkaz: 
REX/426-EESC-0000
Plenární zasedání: 
503 -
Dec 10, 2014 Dec 11, 2014

Opinion on the Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on common rules for imports of textile products from certain third countries not covered by bilateral agreements, protocols or other arrangements, or by other specific Union import rules (recast)

Common rules for imports of textile products from certain third countries

přijatá stanoviska on 10/12/2014
Odkaz: 
REX/427-EESC-0000
Plenární zasedání: 
503 -
Dec 10, 2014 Dec 11, 2014

Opinion on the Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down Union procedures in the field of the common commercial policy in order to ensure the exercise of the Union’s rights under international trade rules, in particular those established under the auspices of the World Trade Organization (codification)

přijatá stanoviska on 15/04/2016
Odkaz: 
REX/449-EESC-0000

The European Commission review of EU trade strategy is timely in the first year of a new Commission.

 

The intense public interest that has been aroused by the TTIP negotiations between the EU and the US demonstrates that trade is no longer an esoteric matter nor the concern of those few who are sufficiently involved to master the finer, highly technical detail that trade involves. It is now a popular issue and part of the public agenda, but because of its technicalities it is also open to wide misunderstanding.

Trade for All – Towards a more responsible trade and investment policy

přijatá stanoviska on 23/01/2019
Odkaz: 
REX/509-EESC-2018
Plenární zasedání: 
540 -
Jan 23, 2019 Jan 24, 2019

The European Economic and Social Committee would like to reiterate its commitment to the WTO as the guardian of international trade and a crucible for developing rules and disciplines to ensure fair trade, the liberalisation of trade in goods and services, and transparency in trade-related policy-making.

EESC opinion: Reforming the WTO to adapt to developments in world trade (own-initiative opinion)

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