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International trade is governed by a complex mixture of global rules agreed under World Trade Organization and bilateral and multilateral agreements. The free trade agreements are having a growing impact on citizens' rights. Under the Lisbon Treaty, EU trade policy must be conducted within the framework of the principles and objectives of the Union’s external action, including promotion of the rule of law, human rights and sustainable development.

We believe that this trend should be a guiding principle in EU trade negotiations and in trade relations. The fact that we at the EESC reconcile the positions and views of business, workers, professionals, farmers, consumers and other important stakeholders contributes real added value. We are in a position to efficiently relay the opinions of civil society and interest groups to international policy-makers both during negotiations and in the implementation of trade agreements. We have set up a Follow-up Committee on International trade to ensure that civil society has a say in the shaping of EU trade policy. We are also managing the Domestic Advisory groups set up under the trade and sustainable development chapters of the EU "new generation" trade agreements. These groups, composed of civil society representatives (from inside and outside the EESC) are responsible for identifying trade and sustainable development-related problems in the implementation of a trade agreement.

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Εγκριθείσα on 14/02/2018
Έγγραφα αναφοράς: 
REX/500-EESC-2017
Σύνοδος ολομέλειας: 
532 -
Feb 14, 2018 Feb 15, 2018

The EESC has played an important role in raising awareness of EU trade policy among civil society both in the EU and in third countries. The EESC encourages the Commission to strengthen its dialogue with civil society to develop the functioning of TSD chapters in current and future trade agreements. However, the EESC urges the Commission to be more ambitious in its approach, in particular with respect to strengthening effective enforceability of the commitments in TSD chapters, which is of crucial importance to the EESC. TSD chapters must be given equal weight to those covering commercial, technical or tariff issues.

EESC opinion: Trade and sustainable development chapters in EU Free Trade agreements

Εγκριθείσα on 10/12/2014
Έγγραφα αναφοράς: 
REX/427-EESC-0000
Σύνοδος ολομέλειας: 
503 -
Dec 10, 2014 Dec 11, 2014

Opinion on the Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down Union procedures in the field of the common commercial policy in order to ensure the exercise of the Union’s rights under international trade rules, in particular those established under the auspices of the World Trade Organization (codification)

Εγκριθείσα on 19/04/2018
Έγγραφα αναφοράς: 
REX/498-EESC-2017
Σύνοδος ολομέλειας: 
534 -
Apr 18, 2018 Apr 19, 2018

The EU has one of the world's most open investment regimes, and collectively EU Member States have the fewest restrictions in the world on foreign direct investment (FDI). The OECD expressly acknowledged this in its FDI Regulatory Restrictiveness Index which measures statutory barriers against foreign investment in over 60 countries.

The Commission's reflection paper of 10 May 2017 on Harnessing Globalisation recognised increasing concerns about foreign investors' strategic acquisitions of European companies with key technologies. These concerns called into question the capacity of the current regulatory framework to address them.

EESC opinion: Screening of foreign direct investments into the European Union

Υπό επεξεργασία (updated on 23/04/2019)
Έγγραφα αναφοράς: 
REX/517-EESC

This Opinion was proposed in line with the Bureau's guidelines for Sibiu (and beyond). On the basis of an analysis of the internal implications for the EU and international trade related issues, the opinion will explore the impact of trade in enhancing the EU's own economic performance.

Εγκριθείσα on 10/12/2014
Έγγραφα αναφοράς: 
REX/428-EESC-0000
Σύνοδος ολομέλειας: 
503 -
Dec 10, 2014 Dec 11, 2014

Opinion on the Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the measures that the Union may take following a report adopted by the WTO Dispute Settlement Body concerning anti-dumping and anti-subsidy matters (codification)

Measures concerning anti-dumping and anti-subsidy matters

Εγκριθείσα on 04/06/2014
Έγγραφα αναφοράς: 
REX/390-EESC-2014-5469
Σύνοδος ολομέλειας: 
499 -
Jun 04, 2014 Jun 05, 2014

The main goal of the opinion is to provide a good and qualitative source of information and opinion in the beginning of TTIP negotiations process.

Transatlantic trade relations and the EESC's views on an enhanced cooperation and eventual EU-US FTA

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