AKV ja Aafrika

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Alates esimesest Lomé konventsioonist (1975) kuni Cotonou lepinguni (2000-2021) on ELi-AKV partnerlused reguleerinud ELi suhteid 79Aafrika, Kariibi mere ja Vaikse ookeani piirkonna (AKV) riigiga, mis moodustasid hiljuti  Aafrika, Kariibi mere ja Vaikse ookeani piirkonna riikide organisatsiooni (OACPS).

Selle perioodi jooksul võitles komitee koos AKV kodanikuühiskonnaga valitsusväliste osalejate olulise rolli tunnustamise eest arenguprotsessis kuni selle saavutamiseni Cotonou lepingus, millega anti komiteele volitused korraldada tegevusi ja konsultatsioone AKV riikide ja ELi majanduslike ja sotsiaalsete huvirühmadega, et koguda organiseeritud kodanikuühiskonna seisukohti ja anda neile hääl.Eesmärk on olnud edendada vahetusi ja anda soovitusi AKV-ELi suhteid puudutavates küsimustes ja poliitikavaldkondades, mis on hiljem ametlikult saadetud ELi ja AKV riikide juhtidele.

Praktikas juhib komitee tegevust seoses ELi ja OPCPSi suhetega peamiselt kaasav AKV-ELi järelevalvekomitee, mis koosneb komitee liikmetest ja AKV riikide majanduslikke ja sotsiaalseid huvirühmi esindavatest delegaatidest.

AKV ja ELi järelevalvekomitee hoiab korrapäraselt sidet kodanikuühiskonna esindajatega AKV riikides eri tasanditel, tehes seda järgmistel viisidel:

  • AKV ja ELi järelevalvekomitee korrapärased koosolekud;
  • AKV riikides toimuvad piirkondlikud seminarid, mis pakuvad foorumit ühist huvi pakkuvate teemade arutamiseks kodanikuühiskonna esindajatega ja toimuvad iga kord eri piirkonnas;
  • iga kolme aasta tagant AKV riikide ja ELi majanduslike ja sotsiaalsete huvirühmade Brüsselis toimuvad üldkoosolekud.

Samuti hoiab Euroopa Majandus- ja Sotsiaalkomitee korrapäraselt sidet Aafrika Liidu majanduslike ja sotsiaalsete huvirühmade esindajatega, tehes seda ELi ja Aafrika Liidu ühise strateegia raames. Komitee korraldab iga-aastaseid kohtumisi ELi-Aafrika majanduslike ja sotsiaalsete sidusrühmade võrgustikuga.

Euroopa Majandus- ja Sotsiaalkomitee on paljude aastate jooksul hoidnud alal korrapäraseid kontakte AKV-ELi parlamentaarse ühisassambleega, esitledes assamblee istungitel aruannet oma tegevusest.

Samamoodi on Euroopa Majandus- ja Sotsiaalkomitee tihedas kontaktis rahvusvaheliste tööandjate, töötajate, põllumajandustootjate, ühistute ja tarbijate organisatsioonidega. Kõnealused organisatsioonid nimetavad AKV riikide esindajad, kes kutsutakse Euroopa Majandus- ja Sotsiaalkomitee, sh AKV ja ELi järelevalvekomitee peetavatele koosolekutele.

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Vastuvõetud arvamused on 18/09/2020
  • The common foundation of any EU political engagement leading to an equal development partnership with Africa shall be based on a multidimensional approach, articulating the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the respect of Universal Human Rights (UHRs) - including fundamental rights, the right to a healthy environment and the freedom to conduct a business.
  • The EESC advocates promoting a decent life and good prospects, creating a middle class and supporting equal partnerships by strengthening sustainable social-liberal democratic structures in Africa.
  • The EESC highlights that the EU strategy on Africa must focus on Development and welcomes the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA).
  • The EESC reiterates the important role of organised civil society in the up-coming ACP-EU Partnership Agreement.

    EMSK arvamus: EU and Africa: Making an equal development partnership a reality based on sustainability and common values (own-initiative opinion)

    Vastuvõetud arvamused on 14/03/2018

    L’année 2017 sera décisive pour le partenariat entre l’Europe et l’Afrique. Dans un paysage mondial en mutation rapide, l’Afrique connaît de profonds changements économiques, politiques et sociaux, et l’importance qu’elle revêt pour les dimensions intérieure et extérieure de la sécurité et de la prospérité de l’Europe est de plus en plus évidente. L’Europe et l’Afrique ont tout à gagner d’un renforcement de leurs liens politiques et économiques, mais elles ont aussi beaucoup à perdre si elles n’agissent pas.

    EMSK arvamus: A new impetus for the Africa-EU Partnership (Communication)

    Vastuvõetud arvamused on 07/12/2017

    The Commission recently published a Communication on a Renewed Partnership with the ACP Group of countries. ACP-EU relations are currently governed by the Cotonou Partnership Agreement that will expire in 2020, therefore the Commission has published recommendations on what the future structure should be. Last year the EESC already drafted a general opinion on the post-Cotonou framework; this new opinion will have to answer specifically to the Commission's communication.


    EMSK arvamus: Renewed partnership with African, Caribbean and Pacific countries (Communication)


    Renewed ACP Partnership

    Vastuvõetud arvamused on 18/10/2017

    The EESC is a strong advocate of a fair, well-administered and sustainable development policy at EU level. It is also very committed to the cause of greater tax justice. In recent years, questions have been raised as to whether the international tax policies of the Member States, in particular the concluding of certain types of double taxation agreements, are consistent with EU development policy objectives.

    EMSK arvamus: EU development partnerships and the challenge posed by international tax agreements (own-initiative opinion)

    Vastuvõetud arvamused on 26/04/2017

    The 2030 Agenda, the new global framework for sustainable development agreed by the UN in 2015, needs to be reflected in EU's development policy, the major orientations of which are set out in the 2005 European Consensus on Development ("the Consensus").

    To this end, the Commission issued Communication COM(2016) 740, "Proposal for a New European Consensus on Development: Our World, Our Dignity, Our Future" in November 2016.  Interinstitutional negotiations are expected to result in its endorsement in the form of a Joint Statement by the Council, the European Parliament and the Commission, in May 2017.

    EMSK arvamus: Proposal for a new European Consensus on Development: "Our World, our Dignity, our Future” (Communication)

    Vastuvõetud arvamused on 14/12/2016

    Development responses to forced displacement should be tailored for each geographic region, whilst ensuring joined-up action across the European Commission and other institutions. While a development-led approach can produce considerable results with the current budget, the need for extra resources should not be ruled out. Civil society, end users, development partners and NGOs should be involved in the delivery and in making the Commission's Communication operational. Social and civil dialogue structures and processes should be enhanced and improved in partner and host countries to assist with its delivery. Entrepreneurship in the affected regions should be supported and developed as a viable development path for many forcibly displaced people. Education and training responses should be based on a lifelong learning approach. The possibility of making EU programmes available to forcibly displaced people should be considered.

    EMSK arvamus: Lives in Dignity: from Aid-dependence to Self-reliance

    Vastuvõetud arvamused on 25/05/2016

    The EESC recommends that the EU should aim to achieve a modern, equal and effective partnership with the ACP countries that transcends a donor-recipient relationship and is based on a coherent and integrated EU external policy, based on the principle of Policy Coherence for Development (PCD). This framework should guarantee the involvement of civil society organisations, including the private sector, whose specific task should be to monitor and assess the impact of the implementation of this Agreement on the sustainable development of the Parties. Civil society should be provided with the technical and financial support needed to undertake this role.

    The EESC recommends that all forms of development support that the EU gives to third countries should fall under the same legal framework and should be subject to the same democratic scrutiny by the European Parliament, while retaining the same positive aspects of the EDF.

    EMSK arvamus: Future of EU's relations with ACP Group of countries (Green Paper)

    Vastuvõetud arvamused on 02/07/2015
    Täiskogu istungjärk: 
    509 -
    Jul 01, 2015 Jul 02, 2015

    2015 is marked as the European Year for Development (when the process of discussion for the post-Cotonou arrangements will begin to gain momentum), but also as the year where the Millenium Development Goals (defined until 2015) will give way to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). To combine development and sustainability, all available resources of financing must be explored. The magnitude of this challenge is so large that all players including governments, private sector, banks, civil society organisations and development agencies must contribute to the implementation of these goals.


    Financing for development – the position of civil society

    Vastuvõetud arvamused on 22/10/2013
    Täiskogu istungjärk: 
    494 -
    Dec 10, 2013 Dec 11, 2013

    The aim of the European Year for Development 2015 is to inform EU citizens about EU development cooperation, highlighting what the European Union can already achieve as the biggest aid donor in the world and how it could do even more with the combined strength of its Member States and its institutions.

    European Year for Development (2015)