AKV ja Aafrika

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Alates esimesest Lomé konventsioonist (1975) kuni Cotonou lepinguni (2000-2021) on ELi-AKV partnerlused reguleerinud ELi suhteid 79Aafrika, Kariibi mere ja Vaikse ookeani piirkonna (AKV) riigiga, mis moodustasid hiljuti  Aafrika, Kariibi mere ja Vaikse ookeani piirkonna riikide organisatsiooni (OACPS).

Selle perioodi jooksul võitles komitee koos AKV kodanikuühiskonnaga valitsusväliste osalejate olulise rolli tunnustamise eest arenguprotsessis kuni selle saavutamiseni Cotonou lepingus, millega anti komiteele volitused korraldada tegevusi ja konsultatsioone AKV riikide ja ELi majanduslike ja sotsiaalsete huvirühmadega, et koguda organiseeritud kodanikuühiskonna seisukohti ja anda neile hääl.Eesmärk on olnud edendada vahetusi ja anda soovitusi AKV-ELi suhteid puudutavates küsimustes ja poliitikavaldkondades, mis on hiljem ametlikult saadetud ELi ja AKV riikide juhtidele.

Praktikas juhib komitee tegevust seoses ELi ja OPCPSi suhetega peamiselt kaasav AKV-ELi järelevalvekomitee, mis koosneb komitee liikmetest ja AKV riikide majanduslikke ja sotsiaalseid huvirühmi esindavatest delegaatidest.

AKV ja ELi järelevalvekomitee hoiab korrapäraselt sidet kodanikuühiskonna esindajatega AKV riikides eri tasanditel, tehes seda järgmistel viisidel:

  • AKV ja ELi järelevalvekomitee korrapärased koosolekud;
  • AKV riikides toimuvad piirkondlikud seminarid, mis pakuvad foorumit ühist huvi pakkuvate teemade arutamiseks kodanikuühiskonna esindajatega ja toimuvad iga kord eri piirkonnas;
  • iga kolme aasta tagant AKV riikide ja ELi majanduslike ja sotsiaalsete huvirühmade Brüsselis toimuvad üldkoosolekud.

Samuti hoiab Euroopa Majandus- ja Sotsiaalkomitee korrapäraselt sidet Aafrika Liidu majanduslike ja sotsiaalsete huvirühmade esindajatega, tehes seda ELi ja Aafrika Liidu ühise strateegia raames. Komitee korraldab iga-aastaseid kohtumisi ELi-Aafrika majanduslike ja sotsiaalsete sidusrühmade võrgustikuga.

Euroopa Majandus- ja Sotsiaalkomitee on paljude aastate jooksul hoidnud alal korrapäraseid kontakte AKV-ELi parlamentaarse ühisassambleega, esitledes assamblee istungitel aruannet oma tegevusest.

Samamoodi on Euroopa Majandus- ja Sotsiaalkomitee tihedas kontaktis rahvusvaheliste tööandjate, töötajate, põllumajandustootjate, ühistute ja tarbijate organisatsioonidega. Kõnealused organisatsioonid nimetavad AKV riikide esindajad, kes kutsutakse Euroopa Majandus- ja Sotsiaalkomitee, sh AKV ja ELi järelevalvekomitee peetavatele koosolekutele.

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    Workers - GR II

    The Communication stresses the EU's commitment to safeguarding an online environment providing the highest possible freedom and security, for the benefit of its citizens.

    EESC opinion: Communication on cybersecurity strategy
  • Vastuvõetud arvamused on 18/09/2020 - Bureau decision date: 20/02/2020
    • The common foundation of any EU political engagement leading to an equal development partnership with Africa shall be based on a multidimensional approach, articulating the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the respect of Universal Human Rights (UHRs) - including fundamental rights, the right to a healthy environment and the freedom to conduct a business.
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    • The EESC reiterates the important role of organised civil society in the up-coming ACP-EU Partnership Agreement.
    • The EESC stresses that long-term investment in intra-African infrastructures makes econom
    EESC opinion: EU and Africa: Making an equal development partnership a reality based on sustainability and common values (own-initiative opinion)
  • Vastuvõetud arvamused on 14/03/2018 - Bureau decision date: 19/09/2017
    EESC opinion: A new impetus for the Africa-EU Partnership (Communication)
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    (United Kingdom

    The Commission recently published a Communication on a Renewed Partnership with the ACP Group of countries. ACP-EU relations are currently governed by the Cotonou Partnership Agreement that will expire in 2020, therefore the Commission has published recommendations on what the future structure should be. Last year the EESC already drafted a general opinion on the post-Cotonou framework; this new opinion will have to answer specifically to the Commission's communication.


    EESC opinion: Renewed partnership with African, Caribbean and Pacific countries (Communication)
    Renewed ACP Partnership
  • Vastuvõetud arvamused on 18/10/2017 - Bureau decision date: 26/01/2017
    Workers - GR II

    The EESC is a strong advocate of a fair, well-administered and sustainable development policy at EU level. It is also very committed to the cause of greater tax justice. In recent years, questions have been raised as to whether the international tax policies of the Member States, in particular the concluding of certain types of double taxation agreements, are consistent with EU development policy objectives.

    EESC opinion: EU development partnerships and the challenge posed by international tax agreements (own-initiative opinion)
  • Vastuvõetud arvamused on 26/04/2017 - Bureau decision date: 13/12/2016
    Civil Society Organisations - GR III

    The 2030 Agenda, the new global framework for sustainable development agreed by the UN in 2015, needs to be reflected in EU's development policy, the major orientations of which are set out in the 2005 European Consensus on Development ("the Consensus").

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    EESC opinion: Proposal for a new European Consensus on Development: "Our World, our Dignity, our Future” (Communication)
  • Vastuvõetud arvamused on 14/12/2016 - Bureau decision date: 24/05/2016
    Civil Society Organisations - GR III

    Development responses to forced displacement should be tailored for each geographic region, whilst ensuring joined-up action across the European Commission and other institutions. While a development-led approach can produce considerable results with the current budget, the need for extra resources should not be ruled out. Civil society, end users, development partners and NGOs should be involved in the delivery and in making the Commission's Communication operational. Social and civil dialogue structures and processes should be enhanced and improved in partner and host countries to assist with its delivery. Entrepreneurship in the affected regions should be supported and developed as a viable development path for many forcibly displaced people. Education and training responses should be based on a lifelong learning approach. The possibility of making EU programmes available to forcibly displaced people should be considered.

    EESC opinion: Lives in Dignity: from Aid-dependence to Self-reliance
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    (United Kingdom

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    EESC opinion: Future of EU's relations with ACP Group of countries (Green Paper)
  • Vastuvõetud arvamused on 02/07/2015
    Employers - GR I
    Czech Republic
    Plenary session number

    2015 is marked as the European Year for Development (when the process of discussion for the post-Cotonou arrangements will begin to gain momentum), but also as the year where the Millenium Development Goals (defined until 2015) will give way to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). To combine development and sustainability, all available resources of financing must be explored. The magnitude of this challenge is so large that all players including governments, private sector, banks, civil society organisations and development agencies must contribute to the implementation of these goals.


    Financing for development – the position of civil society
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    Civil Society Organisations - GR III
    Plenary session number

    The aim of the European Year for Development 2015 is to inform EU citizens about EU development cooperation, highlighting what the European Union can already achieve as the biggest aid donor in the world and how it could do even more with the combined strength of its Member States and its institutions.

    European Year for Development (2015)