AKP i Afrika

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Od prve Konvencije iz Loméa (1975.) do Sporazuma iz Cotonoua (2000. – 2021.) partnerstva EU-a i zemalja AKP-a uređivala su odnose između EU-a i 79 zemalja Skupine afričkih, karipskih i pacifičkih država (AKP), koja je nedavno postala Organizacija afričkih, karipskih i pacifičkih država (OACPS).

Tijekom tog razdoblja EGSO se, zajedno s civilnim društvom zemalja AKP-a, borio za priznavanje ključne uloge nedržavnih aktera u razvojnom procesu sve dok se to nije postiglo Sporazumom iz Cotonoua, kojim se EGSO-u daje mandat za organiziranje aktivnosti i savjetovanja s „gospodarskim i društvenim interesnim skupinama zemalja AKP-a i EU-a” kako bi se prikupljala stajališta organiziranog civilnog društva i kako bi im se osigurala veća vidljivost.

Cilj je poticati razmjene i iznositi preporuke o pitanjima i politikama važnima za odnose zemalja AKP-a i EU-a te ih potom službeno upućivati čelnicima EU-a i zemalja AKP-a.

U praktičnom smislu, aktivnosti EGSO-a u području odnosa između EU-a i OACPS-a uglavnom se provode pod vodstvom zajedničkog Odbora za praćenje AKP-a i EU-a koji čine članovi EGSO-a i delegati koji predstavljaju skupine gospodarskih i socijalnih interesa iz zemalja AKP-a.

Odbor za praćenje AKP-a i EU-a održava redovite kontakte s predstavnicima civilnog društva zemalja AKP-a na različitim razinama putem:

  • redovitih sastanka Odbora za praćenje AKP-a i EU-a,
  • regionalnih seminara u zemljama AKP-a, koji predstavljaju forum za raspravljanje o temama od zajedničkog interesa s predstavnicima civilnog društva u raznim regijama,
  • glavnih skupština gospodarskih i socijalnih interesnih skupina iz zemalja AKP-a i EU-a koje se održavaju svake tri godine u Bruxellesu.

EGSO također održava redovite kontakte s predstavnicima gospodarskih i socijalnih interesnih skupina Afričke unije u okviru zajedničke strategije EU-a i Afrike.

Konkretno, EGSO svake godine održava sastanke s grupom gospodarskih i socijalnih dionika Afrike i EU-a.

Već dugi niz godina EGSO održava redovite odnose sa Zajedničkom parlamentarnom skupštinom AKP-a i EU-a te na zasjedanjima Plenarne skupštine podnosi izvješća o njezinim aktivnostima.

EGSO je također u bliskom kontaktu s međunarodnim organizacijama poslodavaca, radnika, poljoprivrednika, zadruga i potrošača. Te organizacije imenuju predstavnike AKP-a koji će biti pozvani na sastanke koje organizira EGSO, uključujući i sastanke Odbora za praćenje AKP-a i EU-a.

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Opinion
Usvojeno on 27/04/2021
Referentni dokument: 
INT/930-EESC-2020
Plenarno zasjedanje: 
560 -
Apr 27, 2021 Apr 28, 2021

The Communication stresses the EU's commitment to safeguarding an online environment providing the highest possible freedom and security, for the benefit of its citizens.

Mišljenje EGSO-a: Communication on cybersecurity strategy

Opinion
Usvojeno on 18/09/2020
Referentni dokument: 
REX/527-EESC-2020
  • The common foundation of any EU political engagement leading to an equal development partnership with Africa shall be based on a multidimensional approach, articulating the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the respect of Universal Human Rights (UHRs) - including fundamental rights, the right to a healthy environment and the freedom to conduct a business.
  • The EESC advocates promoting a decent life and good prospects, creating a middle class and supporting equal partnerships by strengthening sustainable social-liberal democratic structures in Africa.
  • The EESC highlights that the EU strategy on Africa must focus on Development and welcomes the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA).
  • The EESC reiterates the important role of organised civil society in the up-coming ACP-EU Partnership Agreement.

    Mišljenje EGSO-a: EU and Africa: Making an equal development partnership a reality based on sustainability and common values (own-initiative opinion)

    Opinion
    Usvojeno on 14/03/2018
    Referentni dokument: 
    REX/495-EESC-2017

    L’année 2017 sera décisive pour le partenariat entre l’Europe et l’Afrique. Dans un paysage mondial en mutation rapide, l’Afrique connaît de profonds changements économiques, politiques et sociaux, et l’importance qu’elle revêt pour les dimensions intérieure et extérieure de la sécurité et de la prospérité de l’Europe est de plus en plus évidente. L’Europe et l’Afrique ont tout à gagner d’un renforcement de leurs liens politiques et économiques, mais elles ont aussi beaucoup à perdre si elles n’agissent pas.

    Mišljenje EGSO-a: A new impetus for the Africa-EU Partnership (Communication)

    Opinion
    Usvojeno on 07/12/2017
    Referentni dokument: 
    REX/485-EESC-2017-EESC-2017-00788-00-00-AC-TRA

    The Commission recently published a Communication on a Renewed Partnership with the ACP Group of countries. ACP-EU relations are currently governed by the Cotonou Partnership Agreement that will expire in 2020, therefore the Commission has published recommendations on what the future structure should be. Last year the EESC already drafted a general opinion on the post-Cotonou framework; this new opinion will have to answer specifically to the Commission's communication.

     

    Mišljenje EGSO-a: Renewed partnership with African, Caribbean and Pacific countries (Communication)

    Downloads: 

    Renewed ACP Partnership

    Opinion
    Usvojeno on 18/10/2017
    Referentni dokument: 
    REX/487-EESC-2017

    The EESC is a strong advocate of a fair, well-administered and sustainable development policy at EU level. It is also very committed to the cause of greater tax justice. In recent years, questions have been raised as to whether the international tax policies of the Member States, in particular the concluding of certain types of double taxation agreements, are consistent with EU development policy objectives.

    Mišljenje EGSO-a: EU development partnerships and the challenge posed by international tax agreements (own-initiative opinion)

    Opinion
    Usvojeno on 26/04/2017
    Referentni dokument: 
    REX/484-EESC-2017

    The 2030 Agenda, the new global framework for sustainable development agreed by the UN in 2015, needs to be reflected in EU's development policy, the major orientations of which are set out in the 2005 European Consensus on Development ("the Consensus").

    To this end, the Commission issued Communication COM(2016) 740, "Proposal for a New European Consensus on Development: Our World, Our Dignity, Our Future" in November 2016.  Interinstitutional negotiations are expected to result in its endorsement in the form of a Joint Statement by the Council, the European Parliament and the Commission, in May 2017.

    Mišljenje EGSO-a: Proposal for a new European Consensus on Development: "Our World, our Dignity, our Future” (Communication)

    Opinion
    Usvojeno on 14/12/2016
    Referentni dokument: 
    REX/469-EESC-2016

    Development responses to forced displacement should be tailored for each geographic region, whilst ensuring joined-up action across the European Commission and other institutions. While a development-led approach can produce considerable results with the current budget, the need for extra resources should not be ruled out. Civil society, end users, development partners and NGOs should be involved in the delivery and in making the Commission's Communication operational. Social and civil dialogue structures and processes should be enhanced and improved in partner and host countries to assist with its delivery. Entrepreneurship in the affected regions should be supported and developed as a viable development path for many forcibly displaced people. Education and training responses should be based on a lifelong learning approach. The possibility of making EU programmes available to forcibly displaced people should be considered.

    Mišljenje EGSO-a: Lives in Dignity: from Aid-dependence to Self-reliance

    Opinion
    Usvojeno on 25/05/2016
    Referentni dokument: 
    REX/455-EESC-2015

    The EESC recommends that the EU should aim to achieve a modern, equal and effective partnership with the ACP countries that transcends a donor-recipient relationship and is based on a coherent and integrated EU external policy, based on the principle of Policy Coherence for Development (PCD). This framework should guarantee the involvement of civil society organisations, including the private sector, whose specific task should be to monitor and assess the impact of the implementation of this Agreement on the sustainable development of the Parties. Civil society should be provided with the technical and financial support needed to undertake this role.

    The EESC recommends that all forms of development support that the EU gives to third countries should fall under the same legal framework and should be subject to the same democratic scrutiny by the European Parliament, while retaining the same positive aspects of the EDF.

    Mišljenje EGSO-a: Future of EU's relations with ACP Group of countries (Green Paper)

    Opinion
    Usvojeno on 02/07/2015
    Referentni dokument: 
    REX/441-EESC-2015
    Plenarno zasjedanje: 
    509 -
    Jul 01, 2015 Jul 02, 2015

    2015 is marked as the European Year for Development (when the process of discussion for the post-Cotonou arrangements will begin to gain momentum), but also as the year where the Millenium Development Goals (defined until 2015) will give way to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). To combine development and sustainability, all available resources of financing must be explored. The magnitude of this challenge is so large that all players including governments, private sector, banks, civil society organisations and development agencies must contribute to the implementation of these goals.

     

    Financing for development – the position of civil society

    Opinion
    Usvojeno on 22/10/2013
    Referentni dokument: 
    REX/392-EESC-2013-6639
    Plenarno zasjedanje: 
    494 -
    Dec 10, 2013 Dec 11, 2013

    The aim of the European Year for Development 2015 is to inform EU citizens about EU development cooperation, highlighting what the European Union can already achieve as the biggest aid donor in the world and how it could do even more with the combined strength of its Member States and its institutions.

    European Year for Development (2015)

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