The EESC considers that the EU's underlying objectives for the renewed EU-Pacific development Partnership are ambitious, but believes that the implementing arrangements, which mainly concern environmental protection and biodiversity conservation in the region, are not clear. Synergies are needed with other organisations to address the impact of climate change, which has a cross-cutting impact on national and multilateral policies as well as social and economic repercussions. Issues associated with the impact of climate change should be incorporated in the area's comprehensive environmental policies and ensure coherent behaviour and actions. To this end, the active involvement of all local stakeholders is necessary.
ACC agus an Afraic
Ó na 1970í amach, tá cruinnithe le grúpaí sainleasa eacnamaíocha agus sóisialta ó Ghrúpa na Stát san Afraic, i Muir Chairib agus san Aigéan Ciúin (ACC) á n-eagrú ar bhonn rialta ag CESE. Deis is ea na cruinnithe sin chun moltaí a dhréachtú faoi shaincheisteanna a bhaineann le caidreamh ACC-AE.
Is le comhaontú Cotonou a dhéanfar an caidreamh idir an tAontas agus na 78 dtír ACC a rialú go dtí 2020. Aithnítear sa chomhaontú sin an ról bunriachtanach a bhí ag oibreoirí neamhstáit sa phróiseas forbartha. Faoin gComhaontú seo is féidir le CESE cruinnithe agus comhairliúchán le grúpaí sainleasa eacnamaíocha agus sóisialta ACC-AE a reáchtáil.
Tá teagmháil rialta á cothú ag CESE le hionadaithe na sochaí sibhialta sna tíortha ACC ar leibhéil éagsúla de thoradh na nithe seo a leanas:
- Cruinnithe rialta de Choiste Leantach ACC-AE, ar a bhfuil comhaltaí ó CESE agus ionadaithe ó ghrúpaí sainleasa eacnamaíocha agus sóisialta ACC,
- Seimineáir réigiúnacha i dtíortha ACC, lena gcuirtear fóram ar fáil chun ábhair sainleasa choitinn a phlé le hionadaithe na sochaí sibhialta i réigiúin mhalartacha,
- Cruinnithe Ginearálta tríbhliantúla de ghrúpaí sainleasa eacnamaíocha agus sóisialta ACC-AE sa Bhruiséil.
Ina theannta sin, tá teagmháil rialta á cothú ag CESE le Comhairle Eacnamaíoch, Shóisialta agus Chultúrtha an Aontais Afracaigh.
Tá teagmháil rialta á cothú ag CESE le Tionól Parlaiminteach Comhpháirteach ACC-AE le roinnt mhaith blianta anuas trí thuarascáil ar a gníomhaíochtaí a chur i láthair ag seisiúin an Tionóil.
Chomh maith leis sin, tá CESE i ndlúth-theagmháil le heagraíochtaí idirnáisiúnta, mar atá eagraíochtaí fostóirí, eagraíochtaí oibrithe, eagraíochtaí feirmeoirí agus eagraíochtaí tomhaltóirí. Ainmníonn na heagraíochtaí sin na hionadaithe ó thíortha ACC a gheobhaidh cuireadh chuig na cruinnithe arna reáchtáil ag CESE, lena n-áirítear Coiste Leantach ACC-AE.
In this opinion, the EESC will aim to adopt a stance on the role of social protection in development policy. This is likely to be one of the main topics in the debate about the new goals of development policy which are to replace the Millennium Development Goals after 2015.
Development responses to forced displacement should be tailored for each geographic region, whilst ensuring joined-up action across the European Commission and other institutions. While a development-led approach can produce considerable results with the current budget, the need for extra resources should not be ruled out. Civil society, end users, development partners and NGOs should be involved in the delivery and in making the Commission's Communication operational. Social and civil dialogue structures and processes should be enhanced and improved in partner and host countries to assist with its delivery. Entrepreneurship in the affected regions should be supported and developed as a viable development path for many forcibly displaced people. Education and training responses should be based on a lifelong learning approach. The possibility of making EU programmes available to forcibly displaced people should be considered.
The opinion of the EESC should consider different options and scenarios for post-2015 and develop proposals on how to involve civil society more extensively in the process.
The 2030 Agenda, the new global framework for sustainable development agreed by the UN in 2015, needs to be reflected in EU's development policy, the major orientations of which are set out in the 2005 European Consensus on Development ("the Consensus").
To this end, the Commission issued Communication COM(2016) 740, "Proposal for a New European Consensus on Development: Our World, Our Dignity, Our Future" in November 2016. Interinstitutional negotiations are expected to result in its endorsement in the form of a Joint Statement by the Council, the European Parliament and the Commission, in May 2017.
Given the EESC specific expertise, the EESC's opinion is particularly sought on the role of the private sector –taking into account its diversity from SMEs to multinational companies- in fostering smart and sustainable economic growth and creating jobs, as well as investing in training, education, research and innovation, key enabling technologies such as information and communication technologies (ICT). Corporate Social Responsibility initiatives, Public-Private Partnerships, joint innovation and inclusive business models could also be issues to be investigated. Possible mechanisms, processes allowing the involvement of the "private sector" in a global partnership for development in a post 2015 framework would also be of interest.
The Commission recently published a Communication on a Renewed Partnership with the ACP Group of countries. ACP-EU relations are currently governed by the Cotonou Partnership Agreement that will expire in 2020, therefore the Commission has published recommendations on what the future structure should be. Last year the EESC already drafted a general opinion on the post-Cotonou framework; this new opinion will have to answer specifically to the Commission's communication.
The aim of the European Year for Development 2015 is to inform EU citizens about EU development cooperation, highlighting what the European Union can already achieve as the biggest aid donor in the world and how it could do even more with the combined strength of its Member States and its institutions.
The EESC is a strong advocate of a fair, well-administered and sustainable development policy at EU level. It is also very committed to the cause of greater tax justice. In recent years, questions have been raised as to whether the international tax policies of the Member States, in particular the concluding of certain types of double taxation agreements, are consistent with EU development policy objectives.