The EESC's cooperation with other EU Institutions is based on the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU -Article 300). According to the Treaty, the Committee is consulted by the European Parliament, the Council or the Commission on predefined policy areas. Additionally, the Committee may be consulted by these institutions in all cases in which they consider it appropriate. The EESC's relations with the European Commission and the Committee of the Regions are structured by a Protocol on Cooperation. Moreover, the Committee has established privileged relationships with the rotating Presidencies of the European Council, and the cooperation between the EESC and the European Parliament has been intensified with the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty.
The Committee of the Regions (CoR) and the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) have signed a new four year agreement which will enter into force as of 1 January 2016.
On the 5th February 2014,Strasbourg, Martin Schulz, European Parliament President, Henri Malosse, European Economic and Social Committee President, and Ramon Luis Valcárcel Siso, Committee of the Regions President, signed an important agreement between their three institutions. Faced with a need to do more to listen to the views of the European public, as set out in the Treaty of Lisbon, the three institutions wished to step up their cooperation and optimise their resources so as to ensure a quality response to what is happening on the ground and thus improve the effectiveness of legislation.
On 22 February 2012, European Commission President José Manuel Barroso and EESC President Staffan Nilsson signed a new protocol on cooperation between the EC and the EESC, which replaces a seven-year-old cooperation agreement. The signing took place during the EESC plenary assembly in the presence of Maroš Šefčovič, Commissioner for Inter-Institutional Relations and administration.
Addendum to protocol of cooperation between the European Commission and the European Economic and Social Committee