Transatlantické vzťahy

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EÚ, USA a Kanada spájajú hodnoty demokracie, ľudských práv a hospodárskej a politickej slobody a ich záujmy sa prekrývajú v oblasti zahraničnej politiky a bezpečnosti. USA a Kanada patri k hlavným obchodným partnerom EÚ a tiež partnerom pri formovaní medzinárodného právneho poriadku. Transatlantické vzťahy sa v súčasnosti odvíjajú v novom prostredí a sú konfrontované s rastúcimi výzvami. Domnievame sa, že zapojenie občianskej spoločnosti do týchto vzťahov poskytuje záruku, že transatlantické vzťahy sú schopné reagovať na očakávania občanov a účinne prispieť k formovaniu vzájomne prospešnej spolupráce.

Komplexná hospodárska a obchodná dohoda medzi EÚ a Kanadou (CETA) a dohoda o strategickom partnerstve boli podpísané 30. októbra 2016. Budeme sa zaoberať neustálym zapájaním občianskej spoločnosti do vykonávania týchto dohôd. Rokovania o Transatlantickom obchodnom a investičnom partnerstve (TTIP) medzi EÚ a USA sú v súčasnosti na mŕtvom bode. Rokovania o TTIP však prispeli k posilneniu väzieb medzi občianskou spoločnosťou EÚ a USA a k definovaniu postoja občianskej spoločnosti k tomu, ako by mali vyzerať budúce obchodné vzťahy medzi EÚ a USA. Tieto výsledky by sa nemali len tak stratiť. Náš monitorovací výbor Transatlantické vzťahy bol zriadený v septembri 2014 s mandátom monitorovať transatlantické vzťahy s občianskou spoločnosťou, viesť pravidelný dialóg a konzultácie o otázkach týkajúcich sa vzťahov s USA a Kanadou.

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Opinion
Pripravované (updated on 03/12/2021)
Referenčné dokumenty: 
REX/534-EESC-2021

Recent years have been marked by a persistent global decline in democratic values and the rule of law. While many differences remain and have to be acknowledged, North America has unquestionably been our closest historical ally in championing democracy and its values across the world. The arrival of the new administration in the US has provided a new momentum and a unique opportunity to build the new transatlantic partnership and jointly manage not only the internal, but also global challenges, especially with regard to powers which do not share the same values, such as China or Russia. President Biden's initiative to organise a Summit for Democracy at a time when autocracies are on the offensive is only the first step in building a strong international democratic alliance.

stanovisko sekcie EHSV: A strong transatlantic partnership based on the common values of democracy and the rule of law, key in tackling global challenges and preserving international order (own-initiative opinion)

Opinion
Prijaté on 21/09/2016
Referenčné dokumenty: 
REX/471-EESC-2016

On 12 June 2014, the Commission presented a proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council codifying Council Regulation (EC) No 673/2005 of 25 April 2005 establishing additional customs duties on imports of certain products originating in the United States of America.

Stanovisko EHSV: Imports of certain products originating in the United States of America (codification)

Opinion
Prijaté on 21/09/2016
Referenčné dokumenty: 
REX/464-EESC-2016

The EESC has played an important role in strengthening an informed civil society debate on the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) through a number of TTIP-related opinions, adopted in 2014 and 2015, covering issues such as labour rights, investment protection, impact on SMEs, among others.

It is important under the present circumstances that the EESC, in order to maintain its position as a key civil society player in the TTIP debate, react to the textual proposals for TTIP negotiations on essential topics such as the sustainable development chapter, regulatory cooperation, investment and services. This will have the advantage not only of setting up the EESC position on major negotiating chapters but also of presenting concrete recommendations and pointing out the need to involve civil society in the implementation of those chapters.

Stanovisko EHSV: The position of the EESC on specific key issues of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) negotiations (own-initiative opinion)

Opinion
Prijaté on 02/07/2015
Referenčné dokumenty: 
REX/433-EESC-0000
Plenárne zasadnutie: 
509 -
Jul 01, 2015 Jul 02, 2015

The own-initiative opinion will focus on the impact of the TTIP on SMEs and reflect on the provisions that would need to be included in the TTIP in order to take account of the specific character of SMEs in the negotiations and implementation of an eventual EU-US agreement. The opinion will also look at how to increase the awareness of SMEs as to existing support services and programmes, and particularly about the new business opportunities that may arise with this agreement.

TTIP and its impact on SMEs

Opinion
Prijaté on 27/05/2015
Referenčné dokumenty: 
REX/411-EESC-0000
Plenárne zasadnutie: 
508 -
May 27, 2015 May 28, 2015

Since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, the investment policy is an exclusive competence of the European Union. The EU is aiming to include therefore in the new trade and investment agreements provisions on investor protection and investor to state dispute settlement (ISDS) which will replace existing Bilateral Investment Agreements (BIT) signed by Member States and will grant the same level of protection to all EU investors.

Investor protection and investor to State dispute settlement in EU trade and investment agreements with third countries

Downloads: 

CP 33 EN TTIP

Opinion
Prijaté on 04/06/2014
Referenčné dokumenty: 
REX/390-EESC-2014-5469
Plenárne zasadnutie: 
499 -
Jun 04, 2014 Jun 05, 2014

The main goal of the opinion is to provide a good and qualitative source of information and opinion in the beginning of TTIP negotiations process.

Transatlantic trade relations and the EESC's views on an enhanced cooperation and eventual EU-US FTA

12/07/2018
News

Transatlantic relations remain strong and important even though they have recently had a very bad press. Business, both in the EU and the US, has a role to play in overcoming current difficulties. Together, we can effectively promote a positive transatlantic agenda and help to fight stereotypes and misinformation. These are just some of the conclusions of the debate with Susan Danger, CEO of the American Chamber of Commerce to the EU. The debate took place during the Employers' Group meeting on 11 July 2018.

28/10/2016
News

The role of trade as a generator of growth and jobs is undeniable, but public perception of the further liberalisation of trade is getting worse and citizens' concerns must be addressed far more effectively than before. This was one of the conclusions of the conference on "Strengthening European Growth and Competitiveness: Proactive Trade Agenda – NOW!" that took place in Helsinki on 26 October.

26/10/2016
News

The role of trade as a generator of growth and jobs is undeniable, but public perception of the further liberalisation of trade is getting worse and citizens' concerns must be addressed far more effectively than before. This was one of the conclusions of the conference on "Strengthening European Growth and Competitiveness: Proactive Trade Agenda – NOW!" that took place in Helsinki on 26 October. Jacek Krawczyk, President of the EESC Employers' Group, added: It is our responsibility to advocate for trade; we cannot take it for granted that people understand what the benefits ...

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