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Transatlantische Beziehungen

Demokratie, Menschenrechte sowie wirtschaftliche und politische Freiheiten sind gemeinsame Werte der EU, der USA und Kanadas, die zudem gemeinsame außen- und sicherheitspolitische Anliegen haben. Die USA und Kanada gehören darüber hinaus zu den wichtigsten Handelspartnern der EU und sind auch Partner bei der Gestaltung der internationalen Rechtsordnung. Das Umfeld für die transatlantischen Beziehungen der EU hat sich in jüngster Zeit gewandelt, und diese sieht sich wachsenden Herausforderungen gegenüber. Nach Auffassung des EWSA gewährleistet die Einbindung der Zivilgesellschaft in diese Beziehungen, dass die transatlantischen Beziehungen den Erwartungen der Öffentlichkeit gerecht werden und wirksam zur Gestaltung einer Zusammenarbeit zu beiderseitigem Vorteil beitragen.

Das umfassende Wirtschafts- und Handelsabkommen EU-Kanada (CETA) und das Abkommen über eine strategische Partnerschaft wurden am 30. Oktober 2016 unterzeichnet. Bei der Umsetzung dieser Abkommen strebt der EWSA eine laufende Einbindung der Zivilgesellschaft an. Die Verhandlungen über eine transatlantische Handels- und Investitionspartnerschaft (TTIP) zwischen der EU und den USA sind derzeit ausgesetzt. Nichtsdestotrotz haben die TTIP-Verhandlungen dazu beigetragen, die Kontakte zwischen der Zivilgesellschaft der EU und der USA zu stärken und deren Standpunkte zur Gestaltung der künftigen Handelsbeziehungen zwischen der EU und den USA aufzuzeigen. Das, was hier geleistet wurde, darf nicht verloren gehen. Der Begleitausschuss Transatlantische Beziehungen wurde im September 2014 eingerichtet, um die transatlantischen Beziehungen zur Zivilgesellschaft zu begleiten und einen regelmäßigen Dialog und Konsultationen zu Fragen im Zusammenhang mit den Beziehungen zu den USA und Kanada zu gewährleisten.

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verabschiedet on 04/06/2014
Referenz: 
REX/390-EESC-2014-5469
Plenartagung: 
499 -
Jun 04, 2014 Jun 05, 2014

The main goal of the opinion is to provide a good and qualitative source of information and opinion in the beginning of TTIP negotiations process.

Transatlantic trade relations and the EESC's views on an enhanced cooperation and eventual EU-US FTA

verabschiedet on 21/09/2016
Referenz: 
REX/464-EESC-0000
Plenartagung: 
519 -
Sep 21, 2016 Sep 22, 2016

The EESC has played an important role in strengthening an informed civil society debate on the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) through a number of TTIP-related opinions, adopted in 2014 and 2015, covering issues such as labour rights, investment protection, impact on SMEs, among others.

It is important under the present circumstances that the EESC, in order to maintain its position as a key civil society player in the TTIP debate, react to the textual proposals for TTIP negotiations on essential topics such as the sustainable development chapter, regulatory cooperation, investment and services. This will have the advantage not only of setting up the EESC position on major negotiating chapters but also of presenting concrete recommendations and pointing out the need to involve civil society in the implementation of those chapters.

The position of the EESC on specific key issues of the TTIP

verabschiedet on 21/09/2016
Referenz: 
REX/471-EESC-2016
Plenartagung: 
519 -
Sep 21, 2016 Sep 22, 2016

On 12 June 2014, the Commission presented a proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council codifying Council Regulation (EC) No 673/2005 of 25 April 2005 establishing additional customs duties on imports of certain products originating in the United States of America.

EESC opinion: Imports of certain products originating in the United States of America (cat. C)

verabschiedet on 02/07/2015
Referenz: 
REX/433-EESC-0000
Plenartagung: 
509 -
Jul 01, 2015 Jul 02, 2015

The own-initiative opinion will focus on the impact of the TTIP on SMEs and reflect on the provisions that would need to be included in the TTIP in order to take account of the specific character of SMEs in the negotiations and implementation of an eventual EU-US agreement. The opinion will also look at how to increase the awareness of SMEs as to existing support services and programmes, and particularly about the new business opportunities that may arise with this agreement.

verabschiedet on 27/05/2015
Referenz: 
REX/411-EESC-0000
Plenartagung: 
508 -
May 27, 2015 May 28, 2015

Since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, the investment policy is an exclusive competence of the European Union. The EU is aiming to include therefore in the new trade and investment agreements provisions on investor protection and investor to state dispute settlement (ISDS) which will replace existing Bilateral Investment Agreements (BIT) signed by Member States and will grant the same level of protection to all EU investors.

Investor protection and investor to State dispute settlement in EU trade and investment agreements with third countries

Downloads: 

CP 33 TTIP

21/09/2016

With discussions for TTIP now at a critical point, the EESC has published a new opinion, ‘The position of the EESC on specific key issues of the TTIP negotiations’. The own-initiative opinion assesses some key issues of the negotiations and identifies the main considerations for European civil society. This new ...

28/10/2016

The role of trade as a generator of growth and jobs is undeniable, but public perception of the further liberalisation of trade is getting worse and citizens' concerns must be addressed far more effectively than before. This was one of the conclusions of the conference on "Strengthening European Growth and Competitiveness: Proactive Trade Agenda – NOW!" that took place in Helsinki on 26 October.

26/10/2016

The role of trade as a generator of growth and jobs is undeniable, but public perception of the further liberalisation of trade is getting worse and citizens' concerns must be addressed far more effectively than before. This was one of the conclusions of the conference on "Strengthening European Growth and Competitiveness: Proactive Trade Agenda – NOW!" that took place in Helsinki on 26 October. Jacek Krawczyk, President of the EESC Employers' Group, added: It is our responsibility to advocate for trade; we cannot take it for granted that people understand what the benefits ...

12/07/2018

Transatlantic relations remain strong and important even though they have recently had a very bad press. Business, both in the EU and the US, has a role to play in overcoming current difficulties. Together, we can effectively promote a positive transatlantic agenda and help to fight stereotypes and misinformation. These are just some of the conclusions of the debate with Susan Danger, CEO of the American Chamber of Commerce to the EU. The debate took place during the Employers' Group meeting on 11 July 2018.

29/05/2015
Reference number: 
033/2015

The European Economic and Social Committee, in its opinion adopted on 27 May, opposes the inclusion of Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) provisions in the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) or in the Comprehensive Economic Trade Agreement (CETA), as it believes such a system has the potential to derail both agreements.

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