Transatlantische Beziehungen

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Demokratie, Menschenrechte sowie wirtschaftliche und politische Freiheiten sind gemeinsame Werte der EU, der USA und Kanadas, die zudem gemeinsame außen- und sicherheitspolitische Anliegen haben. Die USA und Kanada gehören darüber hinaus zu den wichtigsten Handelspartnern der EU und sind auch Partner bei der Gestaltung der internationalen Rechtsordnung. Das Umfeld für die transatlantischen Beziehungen der EU hat sich in jüngster Zeit gewandelt, und diese sieht sich wachsenden Herausforderungen gegenüber. Nach Auffassung des EWSA gewährleistet die Einbindung der Zivilgesellschaft in diese Beziehungen, dass die transatlantischen Beziehungen den Erwartungen der Öffentlichkeit gerecht werden und wirksam zur Gestaltung einer Zusammenarbeit zu beiderseitigem Vorteil beitragen.

Das umfassende Wirtschafts- und Handelsabkommen EU-Kanada (CETA) und das Abkommen über eine strategische Partnerschaft wurden am 30. Oktober 2016 unterzeichnet. Bei der Umsetzung dieser Abkommen strebt der EWSA eine laufende Einbindung der Zivilgesellschaft an. Die Verhandlungen über eine transatlantische Handels- und Investitionspartnerschaft (TTIP) zwischen der EU und den USA sind derzeit ausgesetzt. Nichtsdestotrotz haben die TTIP-Verhandlungen dazu beigetragen, die Kontakte zwischen der Zivilgesellschaft der EU und der USA zu stärken und deren Standpunkte zur Gestaltung der künftigen Handelsbeziehungen zwischen der EU und den USA aufzuzeigen. Das, was hier geleistet wurde, darf nicht verloren gehen. Der Begleitausschuss Transatlantische Beziehungen wurde im September 2014 eingerichtet, um die transatlantischen Beziehungen zur Zivilgesellschaft zu begleiten und einen regelmäßigen Dialog und Konsultationen zu Fragen im Zusammenhang mit den Beziehungen zu den USA und Kanada zu gewährleisten.

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Opinion
verabschiedet on 08/12/2021
Referenz: 
REX/534-EESC-2021
Plenartagung: 
565 -
Dez 08, 2021 Dez 09, 2021

Recent years have been marked by a persistent global decline in democratic values and the rule of law. While many differences remain and have to be acknowledged, North America has unquestionably been our closest historical ally in championing democracy and its values across the world. The arrival of the new administration in the US has provided a new momentum and a unique opportunity to build the new transatlantic partnership and jointly manage not only the internal, but also global challenges, especially with regard to powers which do not share the same values, such as China or Russia. President Biden's initiative to organise a Summit for Democracy at a time when autocracies are on the offensive is only the first step in building a strong international democratic alliance.

Stellungnahme des Ausschusses: A strong transatlantic partnership based on the common values of democracy and the rule of law, key in tackling global challenges and preserving international order (own-initiative opinion)

Opinion
verabschiedet on 21/09/2016
Referenz: 
REX/471-EESC-2016

On 12 June 2014, the Commission presented a proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council codifying Council Regulation (EC) No 673/2005 of 25 April 2005 establishing additional customs duties on imports of certain products originating in the United States of America.

Stellungnahme des Ausschusses: Imports of certain products originating in the United States of America (codification)

Opinion
verabschiedet on 21/09/2016
Referenz: 
REX/464-EESC-2016

The EESC has played an important role in strengthening an informed civil society debate on the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) through a number of TTIP-related opinions, adopted in 2014 and 2015, covering issues such as labour rights, investment protection, impact on SMEs, among others.

It is important under the present circumstances that the EESC, in order to maintain its position as a key civil society player in the TTIP debate, react to the textual proposals for TTIP negotiations on essential topics such as the sustainable development chapter, regulatory cooperation, investment and services. This will have the advantage not only of setting up the EESC position on major negotiating chapters but also of presenting concrete recommendations and pointing out the need to involve civil society in the implementation of those chapters.

Stellungnahme des Ausschusses: The position of the EESC on specific key issues of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) negotiations (own-initiative opinion)

Opinion
verabschiedet on 02/07/2015
Referenz: 
REX/433-EESC-0000
Plenartagung: 
509 -
Jul 01, 2015 Jul 02, 2015

The own-initiative opinion will focus on the impact of the TTIP on SMEs and reflect on the provisions that would need to be included in the TTIP in order to take account of the specific character of SMEs in the negotiations and implementation of an eventual EU-US agreement. The opinion will also look at how to increase the awareness of SMEs as to existing support services and programmes, and particularly about the new business opportunities that may arise with this agreement.

TTIP and its impact on SMEs

Opinion
verabschiedet on 27/05/2015
Referenz: 
REX/411-EESC-0000
Plenartagung: 
508 -
May 27, 2015 May 28, 2015

Since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, the investment policy is an exclusive competence of the European Union. The EU is aiming to include therefore in the new trade and investment agreements provisions on investor protection and investor to state dispute settlement (ISDS) which will replace existing Bilateral Investment Agreements (BIT) signed by Member States and will grant the same level of protection to all EU investors.

Investor protection and investor to State dispute settlement in EU trade and investment agreements with third countries

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CP 33 TTIP

Opinion
verabschiedet on 04/06/2014
Referenz: 
REX/390-EESC-2014-5469
Plenartagung: 
499 -
Jun 04, 2014 Jun 05, 2014

The main goal of the opinion is to provide a good and qualitative source of information and opinion in the beginning of TTIP negotiations process.

Transatlantic trade relations and the EESC's views on an enhanced cooperation and eventual EU-US FTA

23/03/2022
News

The EESC’s Transatlantic Relations Follow-up Committee met to discuss two current and timely topics with the aim of strengthening the EU-US partnership on a global scene, particularly important in the current challenging international context: the state of play of the transatlantic trade policy and the Year of Action between the two Summits for Democracy.

20/12/2021
News

Angesichts des offensiven Auftretens Chinas und Russlands ist eine erneuerte, verlässliche transatlantische Partnerschaft der Schlüssel zur Wahrung der internationalen Rechtsordnung und des Friedens. Der Europäische Wirtschafts- und Sozialausschuss (EWSA) unterstützt die Idee einer Allianz der Demokratien und bekräftigt, dass die Zivilgesellschaft bei der gemeinsamen Verteidigung universeller Werte und Rechte eine wichtige Rolle spielt.

19/11/2021
News

Through increased transatlantic dialogue, the Trade and Technology Council and the upcoming Summit for Democracy, the United States and the European Union have reached out to each other to jointly face global and internal challenges, and build a strong partnership on the basis of common democratic values.

12/07/2018
News

Transatlantic relations remain strong and important even though they have recently had a very bad press. Business, both in the EU and the US, has a role to play in overcoming current difficulties. Together, we can effectively promote a positive transatlantic agenda and help to fight stereotypes and misinformation. These are just some of the conclusions of the debate with Susan Danger, CEO of the American Chamber of Commerce to the EU. The debate took place during the Employers' Group meeting on 11 July 2018.

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