The EESC issues between 160 and 190 opinions and information reports a year.
It also organises several annual initiatives and events with a focus on civil society and citizens’ participation such as the Civil Society Prize, the Civil Society Days, the Your Europe, Your Say youth plenary and the ECI Day.
The EESC brings together representatives from all areas of organised civil society, who give their independent advice on EU policies and legislation. The EESC's326 Members are organised into three groups: Employers, Workers and Various Interests.
The EESC has six sections, specialising in concrete topics of relevance to the citizens of the European Union, ranging from social to economic affairs, energy, environment, external relations or the internal market.
The EU's Global Gateway initiative is the right step forward in improving connectivity with non-EU partners and like-minded developing countries. In its relevant opinion, the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) underlines that civil society representatives must be included on the board that will be set up to coordinate Global Gateway investments. It also stresses that the eligibility of Global Gateway projects must be linked to the EU's values and principles.
In the debate on The Global Gateway opinion adopted at the May plenary session, EESC members highlighted that the EU is developing its strategic muscle under this initiative. They also pointed out that this policy opens the door to greater investments and builds on stronger trade relations with developing countries, against the backdrop of the just transition. In other words, the Global Gateway initiative is not only designed to be a diplomatic instrument, but also a communication tool.
The opinion's rapporteur Dumitru Fornea emphasised that: The Global Gateway strategy is important for the EU to maintain and enhance its physical connections with other parts of the world, particularly regarding infrastructure that provides access to water, food and energy.
However, a number of EESC members underscored that civil society organisations, including trade unions and business representatives, have to be involved. Their input will contribute to the quality and relevance of the decisions that will be taken by this board.
Furthermore, the EESC insists that investments in priority corridors for transport, energy and electronic communications infrastructure must be based on impact assessments that assess strategic considerations, including lessons learned from armed conflicts in Ukraine, Nagorno-Karabakh, Syria, Ossetia, Libya, as well as other issues that are related to climate change and environmental protection.
Global Gateway brands the EU's values
Unlike China's Belt and Road Initiative, the Global Gateway is neither an administrative nor an additional financial structure. It is an umbrella brand aiming to ensure that European values are respected and promoted.
The opinion's co-rapporteur Violeta Jelić added that: The respect for fundamental human rights, social and environmental impact assessment and compliance with transparency and due diligence procedures must be embedded in the sine qua non conditionalities for launching any project funded by EU state and non-state actors.
A number of EESC members added that the dramatic situation of the war in Ukraine demonstrates the need for swift financial adaptations. Therefore, the financial instruments in the strategy must be flexible and comprehensive enough to be used quickly in crisis situations that arise globally, and especially in the EU's neighbourhood.
The Global Gateway Communication was published on 1 December 2021 following the G7 meeting earlier in July, setting out a new strategy for the EU to step up its cooperation with its partners via major investments in infrastructure across the world. Between 2021 and 2027, Team Europe, meaning the EU institutions and EU Member States jointly, will mobilise up to EUR 300 billion of investments in digital, climate and energy, transport, health, education and research projects.
The Commission intends to work with Member States, the Ukrainian authorities, transport operators, equipment suppliers and all other relevant stakeholders on both sides to establish alternative and optimised logistic routes: the new ‘EU-Ukraine Solidarity Lanes’. These lanes will facilitate in particular the forwarding of agricultural produce from Ukraine, but also our bilateral trade in goods and access of Ukraine to international markets and global supply chains making sure much needed cereals reach the world market.