Zmiany demograficzne

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Przyjęte on 08/12/2021

The EESC believes that an economic transition from a model driven by growth to one predicated on sustainability is inevitable. Given the sheer complexity of and the huge challenges posed by this transition, the proposals for new indicators set out in this opinion are only one example of approaches that could be taken when it comes to tools for measuring the social, economic and environmental situation. A concise "Beyond GDP" scoreboard should be designed and incorporated into the European Green Deal scoreboard and the European economic governance process. Indicators that look beyond GDP must be able to do more than merely monitor and measure: they must inform policy development, improve communication and promote target setting.

Opinia EKES-u: Beyond GDP measures for a successful recovery and a sustainable and resilient EU economy (Own-initiative opinion)

Przyjęte on 05/05/2020

The EU's demographic situation requires a holistic approach that embraces social and economic policies, active labour market and cohesion policies, policies supporting families, measures for ageing workers etc. The best answer to the labour drain related to internal migration is the social and economic upward convergence of Member States. The COVID-19 crisis will strongly affect the policies on demographic challenges. We need urgent measures to protect citizens from the negative effects of this crisis.

Opinia EKES-u: Demographic challenges in the EU in light of economic and development inequalities (Exploratory opinion at the request of the Croatian presidency)

Przyjęte on 25/01/2017

The EESC adopted this opinion after in-depth work carried out during the four meetings of the study group. The opinion also reflects the national debates with civil society organisations carried out in all Member States between 2 September and 2 November 2016. These discussions were coordinated by three members of the EESC ('trios') from the country concerned, often in cooperation with the European Commission (15 debates) or the national economic and social council (7 debates). Participants came from a wide range of employers' and trade union organisations and other civil society organisations, as well as, to a lesser extent, from the academic world. A total of 116 EESC members and nearly 1,800 representatives of civil society organisations participated in the 28 debates. The conclusions/recommendations of the national debates have been grouped in the opinion, while the reports on the national debates will be published separately.

Opinia EKES-u: European Pillar of Social Rights (SOC/542)


Relevant Eurofound publications, non-exhaustive chronological list

Przyjęte on 13/07/2011
Sesja plenarna: 
473 -
Jul 13, 2011 Jul 14, 2011

This exploratory opinion responds to a request made by the Polish Presidency. One of the key messages is that the number of high quality jobs needs to be increased. If we succeed to use the untapped employment reserves in all age brackets, many other issues - for instance the long term funding of the pension systems - will be solved. If the real retirement age is to be raised then it is necessary to ensure that people can work longer. The opinion lists a package of measures to make working conditions favourable for older people.

EESC opinion: Demographic trends and the labour market


Europejski Komitet Ekonomiczno-Społeczny uważa, że godne starzenie się powinno stać się podstawowym prawem. Europejczycy żyją dłużej, co jest pozytywnym zjawiskiem. Starzenie się niesie ze sobą jednak nowe wyzwania społeczne, gospodarcze i zdrowotne, które wpływają zarówno na osoby starsze, jak i ich rodziny i społeczeństwo. EKES uważa, że temat ten był zbyt długo pomijany, a coraz większe potrzeby starszych osób – bagatelizowane.
W swej opinii EKES podkreśla olbrzymi potencjał nowych miejsc pracy i postępu technologicznego, jaki wiąże się z sektorem potrzeb osób starszych.

Press Release
Reference number: 

The European economy loses over 2% of productivity per year due to a mismatch of skills, according to a recent study commissioned by the European Economic and Social Committee. This means a loss of 80 eurocents for each hour of work. The situation will get even worse in the future due to demographic trends and ongoing technological developments, if no reforms are undertaken.