Zmiany demograficzne

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  • Ongoing (updated on 29/02/2024) - Bureau decision date: 13/02/2024
    Sygnatura
    ECO/646-EESC
    Employers - GR I
    Italy
    Plenary session number
    588
    -

    According to Article 175 of the TFEU the Commission shall submit a report to the European Parliament, the Council, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, every three years, on the progress towards achieving economic, social and territorial cohesion.

    The 9th report which covers the first period (2021-2023) of the programming period 2021-2027 will include a record of progress made towards achieving economic, social and territorial cohesion, including the socio-economic situation of regions as well as the integration of EU priorities. It will also include, where appropriate, an indication of future EU measures and policies necessary to strengthen cohesion, as well as to deliver EU priorities.

  • Ongoing (updated on 28/02/2024) - Bureau decision date: 18/01/2024
    Sygnatura
    SOC/796-EESC
    Employers - GR I
    Austria
    Plenary session number
    590
    -
  • Ongoing (updated on 29/02/2024) - Bureau decision date: 18/01/2024
    Sygnatura
    ECO/643-EESC-2024-00571
    Civil Society Organisations - GR III
    Romania
    Plenary session number
    591
    -
  • Adopted on 13/12/2023 - Bureau decision date: 25/01/2023
    Sygnatura
    ECO/612-EESC-2023-2023-00848
    Civil Society Organisations - GR III
    Greece
    Plenary session number
    583
    -

    One of the main conclusions of the 8th Cohesion Report is that although cohesion and convergence among regions in the European Union has improved, there are still remaining gaps especially in less developed regions related with their territorial characteristics. EU islands, mountain areas and sparsely populated areas still face many challenges on their growth and income and disparities exist.

    In these regions, there are still a lot of gaps in terms of employment and investment, social exclusion is evident and gender disparities have not diminished.

    EESC opinion: Main challenges faced by EU islands, and mountainous and sparsely populated areas
  • Adopted on 14/06/2023 - Bureau decision date: 23/01/2023
    Sygnatura
    ECO/610-EESC-2023
    Workers - GR II
    Lithuania
    Plenary session number
    579
    -

    The movement of skilled workers out of regions already suffering from lower economic development may further undermine the growth and development potential of these regions. Such a "brain drain" from vulnerable EU regions therefore may contribute to widening territorial disparities, going against the objective of territorial cohesion set out in Article 174 TFEU. Given the cross-border impact of such developments the Commission considers that action at EU level is necessary.

    EESC opinion: Harnessing talents in EU regions
  • Adopted on 14/06/2023 - Bureau decision date: 23/01/2023
    Sygnatura
    ECO/609-EESC-2023
    Workers - GR II
    Italy
    Employers - GR I
    Greece
    Plenary session number
    579
    -

    Since 2016, as requested by the Council, every second year the Commission publishes a report on the implementation of the existing macro-regional strategies (MRS). This is the fourth report, covering the period from mid-2020 to mid-2022. It assesses the state of play and progress on implementing the MRS and examines ways forward especially in the context of the war in Ukraine and the COVID-19 crisis. 

    EESC opinion: Implementation of EU macro-regional strategies
  • Adopted on 18/05/2022 - Bureau decision date: 18/01/2022
    Sygnatura
    ECO/579-EESC-2022
    Civil Society Organisations - GR III
    Poland
    Employers - GR I
    Portugal

    The Communication on 8th Report presents the main changes in territorial disparities over the past decade and how policies have affected these disparities. It highlights the potential of the green and digital transitions as new drivers of EU growth, but argues that without appropriate policy action new economic, social and territorial disparities may appear. It also launches a reflection on how cohesion policy should evolve to respond to these challenges and in particular how to ensure that place-based, multilevel and partnership led approaches continue to improve cohesion, while building on synergies and mainstreaming cohesion objectives into other policies and instruments.

    EESC will present its views on this report stressing the important role that civil society plays and that local policies need local strategies, drawn up with local partners.

    EESC opinion: 8th Cohesion Report
  • Adopted on 08/12/2021 - Bureau decision date: 25/03/2021
    Sygnatura
    ECO/551-EESC-2021-01-01-02636
    Workers - GR II
    Romania

    The EESC believes that an economic transition from a model driven by growth to one predicated on sustainability is inevitable. Given the sheer complexity of and the huge challenges posed by this transition, the proposals for new indicators set out in this opinion are only one example of approaches that could be taken when it comes to tools for measuring the social, economic and environmental situation. A concise "Beyond GDP" scoreboard should be designed and incorporated into the European Green Deal scoreboard and the European economic governance process. Indicators that look beyond GDP must be able to do more than merely monitor and measure: they must inform policy development, improve communication and promote target setting.

    EESC opinion: Beyond GDP measures for a successful recovery and a sustainable and resilient EU economy (Own-initiative opinion)
  • Adopted on 05/05/2020 - Bureau decision date: 24/09/2019
    Sygnatura
    SOC/628-EESC-2019
    (France
    (Poland

    The EU's demographic situation requires a holistic approach that embraces social and economic policies, active labour market and cohesion policies, policies supporting families, measures for ageing workers etc. The best answer to the labour drain related to internal migration is the social and economic upward convergence of Member States. The COVID-19 crisis will strongly affect the policies on demographic challenges. We need urgent measures to protect citizens from the negative effects of this crisis.

    EESC opinion: Demographic challenges in the EU in light of economic and development inequalities (Exploratory opinion at the request of the Croatian presidency)
  • Adopted on 25/01/2017 - Bureau decision date: 15/03/2016
    Sygnatura
    SOC/542-EESC-2016-01902-00-04-ac

    The EESC adopted this opinion after in-depth work carried out during the four meetings of the study group. The opinion also reflects the national debates with civil society organisations carried out in all Member States between 2 September and 2 November 2016. These discussions were coordinated by three members of the EESC ('trios') from the country concerned, often in cooperation with the European Commission (15 debates) or the national economic and social council (7 debates). Participants came from a wide range of employers' and trade union organisations and other civil society organisations, as well as, to a lesser extent, from the academic world. A total of 116 EESC members and nearly 1,800 representatives of civil society organisations participated in the 28 debates. The conclusions/recommendations of the national debates have been grouped in the opinion, while the reports on the national debates will be published separately.

    EESC opinion: European Pillar of Social Rights
    Relevant Eurofound publications, non-exhaustive chronological list