Potravinové zabezpečení

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přijatá stanoviska on 21/01/2015
Plenární zasedání: 
504 -
Jan 20, 2015 Jan 21, 2015


Growing global demand for food and the financial investors' interest in the agricultural sector have led to large-scale acquisitions, also known as "land grabbing", of farming land all over the world. .

The aim of the opinion is to take stock of the land grabbing phenomenon in the EU, and to discuss its extent and various causes. The document should explain the implications of this process for the environment, jobs, the local population, rural life and food security. It focuses on large-scale acquisitions of agricultural land (including the associated bodies of water), which should be seen as a natural resource.

As 2014 has been designated as the International Year of Family Farming (IYFF) by the UN, the opinion will also contribute to the debate in this context.

stanovisko EHSV: Land grabbing in Europe/family farming


The Exploratory opinion on "More sustainable food systems" (Rapporteur: Mindaugas Maciulevičius), requested by the Netherlands presidency of the EU, was adopted by the EESC at its plenary session on 26 May 2016. The opinion calls for the development of a comprehensive food policy in the EU and for an ...

The EESC has received a request from the incoming Dutch EU Presidency for an exploratory opinion on how to achieve more sustainable food systems in a resource-constrained world. In the past few years, civil society has been increasingly concerned about the environmental, economic and social impact of unsustainable food chains. Globally, about one-third of food produced for human consumption is lost or wasted. Food is also one of the most important drivers of environmental pressures. The hearing will represent an opportunity to hear from experts and stakeholders about their views and initiatives for a transition to more sustainable food systems in Europe. The discussion will take a holistic and systemic approach by considering the environmental, economic and social dimensions of sustainability and the importance of cross-sectoral co-operation across the food supply chain.


The agro-food supply chain connects important and diverse sectors of the European economy that are essential for economic, social and environmental welfare as well as for the health of European citizens. Over recent years, there has been a shift in bargaining power in the supply chain, mostly to the advantage of the retail sector and to the detriment of primary producers. The position of the most vulnerable actors, such as farmers, should therefore be addressed, in particular by ensuring that prices that allow the farmer to make a fair profit are paid throughout the agro-food supply chain and by putting an end to unfair trading practices.

Mr Flavio Coturni, Head of Unit - Agricultural trade policy analysis, DG Agriculture and Rural Development, European Commission

"The recent international events have been a stress test for the CAP. Has the CAP been flexible enough to address the boom and bust in the commodities market?"


The security of supply in the EU and the future of the Common Agricultural Policy

Mr Seppo Kallio, EESC Vice-president

"Yhtä elintärkeitä toimintoja kuin lentoliikenteen häiriötön jatkuminen on yhteiskunnassamme monia ja useimmat ovat vielä sidoksissa toisiinsa – kun yksi toiminto on syystä tai toisesta jumissa, sillä on yllättävän kauaskantoisia vaikutuksia useaan eri sektoriin. Häiriö- ja kriisialttiita sektoreita ovat perinteisesti esim. tietoliikenneyhteydet, lentoliikenne ja merikuljetukset. ..."


Discours de bienvenue et d'introduction de M. Seppo Kallio

Position paper
2 pages

The EESC strongly believe that ensuring food security is not just about producing more food. Supplying diverse, nutritious and good quality foods, supporting smallholder farmers, sustaining soil and water resources and reducing food waste are objectives that should also be pursued.

The EESC aims to promote civil society's role in food security, for example through its opinions, its cooperation with the FAO, participating as observer in the UN Committee on World Food Security (CFS) or through UN International Year events.

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Mr Paavo Väyrynen, Minister for Foreign Trade and Development

"Toimivat markkinat ja kilpailukykyinen talous ovat huoltovarmuuden perusta. Markkinamekanismi on tehokas tapa yhteen sovittaa tuotantoa ja kulutusta. Kaikilla aloilla markkinamekanismi ei kuitenkaan kykene turvaamaan huoltovarmuutta, minkä vuoksi tarvitaan erityistoimenpiteitä. Ne ovat pieni osa kansantalouden kokonaisuudessa ja niillä tilkitään ainoastaan aivan kriittisimpiä huoltovarmuuden puutteita. ..."


Objectifs principaux de la politique sur la sécurité de l'approvisionnement alimentaire en Finlande