The EESC issues between 160 and 190 opinions and information reports a year.
It also organises several annual initiatives and events with a focus on civil society and citizens’ participation such as the Civil Society Prize, the Civil Society Days, the Your Europe, Your Say youth plenary and the ECI Day.
The EESC brings together representatives from all areas of organised civil society, who give their independent advice on EU policies and legislation. The EESC's326 Members are organised into three groups: Employers, Workers and Various Interests.
The EESC has six sections, specialising in concrete topics of relevance to the citizens of the European Union, ranging from social to economic affairs, energy, environment, external relations or the internal market.
The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) and the European Commission unveiled an updated Protocol on Cooperation. The document further consolidates and intensifies the political and legislative cooperation between the two organisations, as well as their joint efforts to communicate about Europe. It strengthens the Committee's strategic function vis-à-vis the EU institutions as well as its role with regard to the implementation of the European Citizens' Initiative and within the European semester, a key economic and fiscal policy tool in the recovery.
Ten years after the last revision of the Protocol on Cooperation, first signed in 2005, the EESC and the Commission deemed it crucial to update it in order to reflect the challenges of the current political European agenda, and to provide the tools and processes to address them. Through this renewed partnership, both organisations also acknowledge the essential role that organised civil society has to play in achieving an EU that is economically prosperous, socially inclusive and environmentally sustainable.
EESC president Christa Schweng: The revised cooperation agreement will allow us to have more strategic, forward looking and deepened cooperation with the Commission". She added: "A significant novelty in the Protocol is the commitment to jointly identify five subjects for exploratory opinions annually, once the Commission has adopted its work programme. This is a very important point for us, allowing us to work in a more forward-looking way. We will heavily invest in this.
Faced with a unique set of crises this year, our Union has shown once again just how much it can achieve when it is united, pulling in the same direction. This revision of the Protocol will ensure the ways we cooperate are more suitable for the times we live in and the challenges we face, said Maroš Šefčovič, Commission's Vice-President for Interinstitutional Relations and Foresight. It also reiterates the important role the Committee plays in the development of our policies, with the synergies between us contributing to the smooth functioning of the EU.
A renewed strategic role
The revised Protocol on Cooperation further consolidates and intensifies the political and legislative cooperation between the EESC and the Commission. Various new aspects have been introduced concerning the EESC's reinforced contribution to better law-making:
Interinstitutional programming has been improved to allow better Committee planning.
The EESC and the Commission will jointly identify five subjects for exploratory opinions annually, once the Commission has adopted its work programme.
The EESC contributes to the Commission's ex-post evaluations.The EESC selects the files it would like to contribute to in the form of opinions or evaluation reports.
The EESC will support the Commission in its consultation process for impact assessments and evaluations.
Cooperation in the framework of the REFIT programme, the Commission's initiative to make EU law simpler, less costly and future proof.
Cooperation on strategic foresight at administrative level within the European Strategy and Policy Analysis System (ESPAS). The EESC contributes to the Commission's foresight activities by providing the views of civil society.
A vital link to organised civil society
The EESC's role is strengthened with regard to promoting the values of European integration and participative democracy. The Committee gains scope in implementing the European Citizens' Initiative as well as in organising the annual European Citizens' Initiative Day, the meeting point for EU and national legislators, campaigners, citizens and civil society actors.
In the future, the Commission and the Committee may also identify ways to strengthen their cooperation when it comes to following up on the proposals of the Conference on the Future of Europe.
The Protocol now also reflects the enhanced cooperation within the European semester. The EESC supports the formulation of the analysis and policy recommendations under the European semester. Furthermore, the EESC monitors the implementation of the priorities and maintains communication with the Commission at key milestones during the semester exercise.
Communicating Europe together
The Commission and the EESC will collaborate more extensively in the area of communication, with the aim of bringing the EU closer to its citizens. This will enable the European institutions to draw on the Committee's expertise in communicating at both national and EU level.
Finally, the document explores the possibility of cooperation in the field of media monitoring, and acknowledges closer cooperation with the Commission Representations, including harnessing their support when organising the Committee's local events.