Recommendations and conclusions:
- The Committee hopes that any overall conclusion of the Doha round at the WTO will facilitate trade in environmental goods and services by a substantial reduction in tariff and non-tariff barriers. The EU must lead by example by facilitating the transfer of "green" technologies in its bilateral and regional trade agreements.
- With regard to transport, the EESC supports the adoption of global UNFCCC objectives to cut air transport emissions by 10% and maritime emissions by 20%. The decision to share reduction efforts will also affect the transport sector, since air transport will be gradually included in the Emissions Trading System (ETS) from 2012. A European initiative to identify ambitious energy efficiency objectives in transport by sea would help in these efforts.
- If it is to develop a green economy and maintain its leading role in this area, Europe should, in its own interest and in the interest of the climate, retain its very ambitious goal of gradually cutting its emissions by 80% by 2050 with, for example, an intermediary objective of 25 to 40% between 2020 and 2030. The Committee suggests carrying out impact assessments (environment, employment and development) to plan for the transitions between 2020 and 2050.