Effort Sharing Regulation (ESR)

This page is also available in

informatieve nota: Effort Sharing Regulation (ESR)

Practical information

  1. Composition of the study group
  2. Administrator / Assistant in charge: Anna CAMERON / Luca PITRONE
  3. Contact


The Commission proposal for a revised Effort Sharing Regulation (ESR) was published on 14 July 2021, along with proposals for the revision of other EU key climate legislation, the so-called "Fit for 55" package.

On 21 April 2021, the European Parliament and the Council of the EU, on the European Commission's proposal, reached a provisional political agreement on the European Climate Law, including a net carbon emissions reduction target of at least 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels.

The Effort Sharing Regulation (EU) 2018/842, adopted in 2018, establishes annual, binding greenhouse gas emissions targets from 2020 to 2030 for each Member State for sectors not included in the EU emissions trading system (ETS). These sectors include buildings, agriculture, waste management, small industry and transport, and account for around 55 % of EU emissions. The Regulation aims to achieve an EU-wide emission reduction of 30 % by 2030, compared to the 2005 baseline.

The effort sharing rule was on the Agenda of the special meeting of the European Council on 24 and 25 May 2021. The need to preserve its broad scope and to maintain national targets to stimulate effective measures at national level, as well as the criteria regarding the distribution of efforts among Member States was under discussion.

This opinion will provide the civil society perspective on the revised proposal following the revision of the EU emission reduction target to at least 55% by 2030.