Opinions in the spotlight

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Goedgekeurd on 30/10/2019
Referentie: 
TEN/700-EESC-2019-03626
Zitting: 
547 -
Oct 30, 2019 Oct 31, 2019

The EESC welcomes the initiative of the European Commission (EC) to launch the assessment of the draft National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs) submitted by the Member States, thereby following up on the new governance model launched by the Council and the Parliament in December 2018 and aimed at ensuring the transition to clean energy and climate protection through a multilevel interactive dialogue which fully involves civil society and public and private entities at local and regional level. The EU is the first major global economy to adopt, through specific National Energy and Climate Plans, a legally binding framework to deliver on its 2015 commitments under the COP21 Paris Agreement and the UN 2030 Agenda.

advies EESC: Integrated national energy and climate plans

Goedgekeurd on 30/10/2019
Referentie: 
INT/887-EESC-2019
Zitting: 
547 -
Oct 30, 2019 Oct 31, 2019

AI systems must comply with existing legislation. It is important to identify which challenges can be met by means of codes of ethics, self-regulation and voluntary commitments and which need to be tackled by regulation and legislation supported by oversight and, in the event of non-compliance, penalties.

advies EESC: Building Trust in Human-Centric Artificial Intelligence (Communication)

In voorbereiding (updated on 23/10/2019)
Referentie: 
CCMI/170-EESC-2019

The INT section is currently preparing an opinion on the Commission's Communication "Building Trust in Human-Centric Artificial Intelligence" COM(2019)168. The Commission considers that in order to achieve ‘trustworthy AI’, three components are necessary: (1) it should comply with the law, (2) it should fulfil ethical principles and (3) it should be robust. Based on these three components and the European values, the guidelines identify seven key requirements that AI applications should respect to be considered trustworthy. The guidelines also include an assessment list to help check whether these requirements are fulfilled. The CCMI previous experience on the automotive sector is a solid asset to produce a supplementary opinion on this particular Automotive Sector.

afdelingsadvies EESC: Artificial intelligence in the automotive sector (supplementary opinion)

Goedgekeurd on 30/10/2019
Referentie: 
INT/885-EESC-2019
Zitting: 
547 -
Oct 30, 2019 Oct 31, 2019

Blockchain technology contributes to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), empowers citizens, boosts entrepreneurship and innovation, improves mobility and cross-border opportunities for businesses while enhancing transparency for consumers. However, several challenges still remain to be addressed, in particular the urgent matter of providing legal clarity and certainty and protecting privacy.

advies EESC: Blockchain and the EU Single Market: what next? (own-initiative opinion)

Goedgekeurd on 30/10/2019
Referentie: 
SOC/618-EESC-2019
Zitting: 
547 -
Oct 30, 2019 Oct 31, 2019

The EESC echoes the European Parliament's call to phase out all investor schemes and recommends that until then certain mitigation measures are put in place. Member States should be urged to apply a due diligence process without specific duration restrictions and adapted to the high-risk profile of applicants. A coordination mechanism should allow Member States to exchange information on successful and rejected applications for citizenship and residence permits. All agents and intermediaries providing services to applicants should be subject to anti-money-laundering rules as set out in the Fifth Anti-Money Laundering Directive. The EU should encourage all agents providing services to applicants to be accredited and subject to a code of conduct. Authorities should maintain primary responsibility for accepting or rejecting applicants. Authorities must also maintain a set of measures to avoid conflicts of interest or bribery risks.

advies EESC: Investor Citizenship and Residence Schemes in the European Union

Goedgekeurd on 30/10/2019
Referentie: 
SC/53-EESC-2019-02446
Zitting: 
547 -
Oct 30, 2019 Oct 31, 2019

The proposed opinion will look at new approaches to more fairly distributing the burden of transformation towards a sustainable Europe.

advies EESC: Leaving no one behind when implementing the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda (own-initiative opinion)

Goedgekeurd on 30/10/2019
Referentie: 
ECO/498-EESC-2019
Zitting: 
547 -
Oct 30, 2019 Oct 31, 2019

This additional opinion complements and updates the proposals made in the yearly EESC AGS opinion. The EESC welcomes country-specific recommendations focus on investment and underlines that special attention must be paid to productive investments and investment in social infrastructure to prioritise sustainable growth. Next year's cycle should contain more CSRs to combat the existential threat of climate change. Investment would also be needed to enable the implementation of the social pillar to prevent an increase of social, economic, and environmental inequality. Taxation should favour this type of investment.

advies EESC: Annual Growth Survey 2019 (additional opinion)

Goedgekeurd on 30/10/2019
Referentie: 
CCMI/169-EESC-2019
Zitting: 
547 -
Oct 30, 2019 Oct 31, 2019

Digitalisation is on everyone’s lips, often spoken of as an irresistible force for change. We are told that in its scale, speed and complexity, the Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0) is unlike anything humankind has experienced before. These changes are transforming the nature of work and the individual behaviour of users in Europe without regard for the role and place of the human factor.

advies EESC: Ensure inclusive sectoral transition to a digitalised rail industry (own-initiative opinion)

Goedgekeurd on 30/10/2019
Referentie: 
NAT/766-EESC-2019-02014
Zitting: 
547 -
Oct 30, 2019 Oct 31, 2019

The evaluation will take a broader perspective than the young farmers’ payments under the first pillar of the CAP and the measures for young farmers under Pillar II of the CAP.

Evaluation of the Impact of the CAP on Generational Renewal

Downloads: 

Technical appendix - Evaluation of the Impact of the CAP on Generational Renewal

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