The EESC issues between 160 and 190 opinions and information reports a year.
It also organises several annual initiatives and events with a focus on civil society and citizens’ participation such as the Civil Society Prize, the Civil Society Days, the Your Europe, Your Say youth plenary and the ECI Day.
The EESC brings together representatives from all areas of organised civil society, who give their independent advice on EU policies and legislation. The EESC's326 Members are organised into three groups: Employers, Workers and Various Interests.
The EESC has six sections, specialising in concrete topics of relevance to the citizens of the European Union, ranging from social to economic affairs, energy, environment, external relations or the internal market.
A resilient, sustainable and inclusive Europe is only possible if organised civil society is systematically involved in both national recovery plans and the Commission's new REPowerEU strategy. During its annual conference in June, the European Semester Group (ESG) renewed its call for a regulation or directive to ensure civil society participation, and proposed a permanent and common investment financing mechanism to enhance crisis preparedness and response capacity.
The conference of 2 June followed the recent adoption of a new Committee resolution on the involvement of organised civil society in the implementation and monitoring of national recovery and resilience plans (NRRPs). Member States must submit these plans to benefit from the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF), the EU's largest ever financial support programme. The RRF Regulation makes it clear that organised civil society should be involved in the implementation, monitoring, and adjustment of the NRRPs, however in practice this is rarely the case.
The conference picked up where the resolution left off and gathered speakers from EU institutions, organised civil society, Member States and research institutes to hold a discussion on the reform and future role of the European Semester, which will be overseeing the implementation of the NRRPs.
EESC President, Christa Schweng, opened by stating that our reflection on the EU's economic governance framework must consider both current and future challenges. The Europe of tomorrow must be based on a prosperity-oriented, inclusive, and green and digital economic model. Organised civil society has a crucial role to play in achieving this.
Elisa Ferreira, Commissioner for Cohesion and Reforms, continued: as we think about future crises and making Europe more resilient, we need to think not in terms of one master tool, but instead in terms of many tools and a well-stocked toolbox. In other words: we need diversification.
A permanent EU instrument for crisis preparedness and response?
To succeed in the recovery and the green and digital transitions and to gain strategic autonomy, the EU will need massive public and private investments in the years to come. The NRRPs could serve as a basis for moving towards these common goals. In the first debate of the day, the panellists discussed whether these recovery plans should be made structural and permanent to ensure common investment in key areas. The renewed approach will be influenced by the current energy situation. Europe needs energy independence. Let us use this opportunity to transform our system, stated Javier Doz Orrit, President of the European Semester Group. Moderator and ECO section President, Stefano Palmieri, insisted on the need to ensure a genuine structural transformation of the system.
Reforming EU economic governance
The European Semester still plays a key role as the framework surveying and coordinating fiscal, macroeconomic and structural policies across the economic and monetary union. However, with the multiple new challenges facing the EU since its introduction in 2010, it needs to be updated, strengthened, and opened to European organised civil society, explained ESG Vice-President Gonçalo Lobo Xavier. Continuing on this idea, Brikena Xhomaqi, co-chair of the EESC Liaison Group, insisted that recovery will succeed only if European organised civil society is systematically involved. Joining the debate, MEP Dragoș Pîslaru commented that instead of trying to outlaw bad policies, the new Semester should be a visible voice of reason that supports an informed debate for sound policies.
Luca Jahier, Vice-President of the European Semester Group, closed the conference by acknowledging the importance of the RRF and the NRRPs in ensuring the EU's energy autonomy and accelerating its clean energy transition. With these tools, we have perhaps done much more in these last 2 years than in the last 20 years, he said. What is needed now is to ensure the effective and qualitative participation of organised civil society in the economic governance of the EU, invest more, and further accelerate the transition.