The EESC issues between 160 and 190 opinions and information reports a year.
It also organises several annual initiatives and events with a focus on civil society and citizens’ participation such as the Civil Society Prize, the Civil Society Days, the Your Europe, Your Say youth plenary and the ECI Day.
The EESC brings together representatives from all areas of organised civil society, who give their independent advice on EU policies and legislation. The EESC's326 Members are organised into three groups: Employers, Workers and Various Interests.
The EESC has six sections, specialising in concrete topics of relevance to the citizens of the European Union, ranging from social to economic affairs, energy, environment, external relations or the internal market.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is one of the three "Rio Conventions" adopted at the first Rio Earth Summit in 1992. Since it took effect in 1994, the Convention's overarching objective is to prevent dangerous human-made interference on the climate system by pushing for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. With 198 Parties, the Convention has near universal membership.
The UNFCCC established agreements between the Parties to act on climate change. As such, the UNFCCC has led to the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol in 1997, which sets binding emission reduction targets, and the Paris Agreement in 2015, which goal is to limit global warming to well below 2, preferably to 1.5 degree Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels. The implementation of the Convention, the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement is managed by a complex architecture of bodies, supported by the UNFCCC secretariat.
The supreme governing body of the Convention is the Conference of the Parties (COP), where all signatory States are represented. Each year, the COP meets to review the implementation of the Convention and to take decisions necessary to promote its effective implementation. Since the COP20 in Peru, the EESC, as part of the EU delegation with observer status, has been actively taking part in the COPs, engaging in meaningful conversations, bilateral meetings and side events to represent the organised civil society in Europe in the fight against climate change.