The EESC issues between 160 and 190 opinions and information reports a year.
It also organises several annual initiatives and events with a focus on civil society and citizens’ participation such as the Civil Society Prize, the Civil Society Days, the Your Europe, Your Say youth plenary and the ECI Day.
The EESC brings together representatives from all areas of organised civil society, who give their independent advice on EU policies and legislation. The EESC's326 Members are organised into three groups: Employers, Workers and Various Interests.
The EESC has six sections, specialising in concrete topics of relevance to the citizens of the European Union, ranging from social to economic affairs, energy, environment, external relations or the internal market.
highlights the urgent need to improve environmental protection for fundamental rights in the EU and beyond, exacerbated by the environmental damage caused by the war in Ukraine, which hosts 35 % of biodiversity in Europe. Ramifications include damage to human physical and mental health, ecosystem degradation, air and water pollution, and contamination of arable and pasture fields directly threatening agricultural production and the global food security;
calls on the EU to supportdocumenting, mapping and measuring those consequences, pursuing legal protection of the environment and ensuring accountability of Russia's aggression;
calls on the Commission and the Council to take steps to identify the adverse environmental impacts of Russia's illegal war against Ukraine and their human rights implications. The importance of recognising ecocide in EU legislation can help to hold Russia's actions accountable, reflecting the environmental and ecological harm caused;
urges that the EU must help protect Ukraine's environment and repair the environmental damage caused by the war. All green and sustainable reconstruction efforts will be carried out in compliance with SDGs,international ILO standards and the principles of social conditionality as well as in line with EU environmental law, which would enable Ukraine to accede to the EU;
stresses that human health and the quality of the environment cannot be separated – the health of ecosystems, animals and people are interconnected – and that the EU must safeguard this right;
encourages all Members States and European institutions to deepen their efforts to improve the effectiveness of existing legal tools, as effectiveness in practice is often lacking.