Administrative cooperation in taxation (DAC 8)

EESC opinion: Administrative cooperation in taxation (DAC 8)

Key points


  • deems the proposed improvements to the DAC Directive to be effective in deterring non-compliance with fiscal rules by crypto-asset holders, thereby reinforcing the fight against tax fraud, tax evasion, and tax avoidance, in line with several previous initiatives of the Commission;
  • notes that a global effort to regulate crypto-assets and their use is key in order to successfully address the growing issues and implications with a worldwide scope relating to such assets. The Committee encourages the Commission to play an active role on the international stage;
  • appreciates that enhanced and more effective taxation of crypto-assets will help increase the coverage of taxation and boost national budgets, allowing the deployment of additional resources targeted at the common good and at the investment priorities of the Commission (green transition and digitalisation);
  • considers that the tax identification number ("TIN") reporting system is the most effective compliance method for ensuring the effectiveness of the new rules. The Committee supports the Commission's proposal on TIN since it contributes to preventing possible mistakes, thereby improving legal certainty and the predictability of the system;
  • deems that reporting obligations should not only be limited to exchanges and transfers in crypto-assets, but should also be extended, at least during the initial phase, to overall holdings of crypto-currency assets for the sake of transparency and certainty, although it remains clear that taxation should only apply to effective gains;
  • stresses the need for effective and proportional penalties, leaving to Member States the decision on the specific amounts of sanctions to be issued and recommends that, after the implementation of the Directive, the Commission reports on the penalty structures implemented by Member States, giving guidance on possible changes if needed;
  • hopes that the penalties and compliance measures will be able to strike a proper balance between effectiveness of the rules and adequate deterrence on the one hand and proportionality on the other hand;
  • recommends that the Commission include in its draft proposal rules to enhance the cooperation between the tax authorities already covered by the current text and the authorities in charge of combatting money laundering and the financing of illegal activities and terrorism. In this context, the Committee reiterates that public authorities, in this case tax authorities, require adequate resources in terms of both qualified personnel and high-grade digital technology and standards.