The EESC issues between 160 and 190 opinions and information reports a year.
It also organises several annual initiatives and events with a focus on civil society and citizens’ participation such as the Civil Society Prize, the Civil Society Days, the Your Europe, Your Say youth plenary and the ECI Day.
The EESC brings together representatives from all areas of organised civil society, who give their independent advice on EU policies and legislation. The EESC's326 Members are organised into three groups: Employers, Workers and Various Interests.
The EESC has six sections, specialising in concrete topics of relevance to the citizens of the European Union, ranging from social to economic affairs, energy, environment, external relations or the internal market.
On 4 April 2017, the president of the European Economic and Social Committee, Georges Dassis, received a request for an exploratory opinion from Jean-Claude Juncker, president of the European Commission. He asked the EESC to present the ideas and priorities of European civil society concerning the Union's future development.
In view of this, the EESC opted for an original consultation method. 27 national consultations were organised in the Member States between 4 May and 9 June 2017, and 1 003 representatives of civil society organisations took part in the debates. The reports on the national debates were then drafted, compiled and disseminated, in particular to the president of the European Commission and the MEPs who attended the interparliamentary meeting of 11 October 2017, which focused on "the future of Europe".