Vereinigtes Königreich

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Am 24. Dezember 2020 schlossen die EU und das Vereinigte Königreich nach langwierigen und komplexen Verhandlungen ein Handels- und Kooperationsabkommen, das seit dem 1. Januar 2021 bis zum Abschluss des Ratifizierungsverfahrens des Rates und des EP vorläufig angewandt wurde. Wie andere kürzlich geschlossene Freihandelsabkommen enthält auch dieses Abkommen konkrete Bestimmungen zum Dialog mit der Zivilgesellschaft. Als wesentlicher Akteur des zivilgesellschaftlichen Dialogs beschloss der EWSA deshalb, den institutionellen Rahmen für die Beziehungen zum Vereinigten Königreich und seiner Zivilgesellschaft (Unternehmen, Gewerkschaften und sonstige Organisationen) festzulegen und ein Gremium zur Überwachung des Handels- und Kooperationsabkommens einzusetzen.

Diese neue Struktur, die unter Berücksichtigung des geschlossenen Abkommens und der neuen Beziehungen zwischen der EU und dem Vereinigten Königreich wie auch der jüngsten institutionellen Entwicklungen in der Kommission angepasst wird, umfasst:

  • den Begleitausschuss EU-Vereinigtes Königreich, den politischen Nachfolger des Begleitausschusses Brexit und ein Arbeitsorgan, in dem der EWSA seine eigene Agenda und Prioritäten festlegen kann, um den Erfordernissen der neuen Realität gerecht zu werden;
  • die Interne Beratungsgruppe der EU im Rahmen des Handels- und Kooperationsabkommens EU-Vereinigtes Königreich, die institutionelle Säule der Zivilgesellschaft im Bereich der Handelsbeziehungen zwischen der EU und dem Vereinigten Königreich.

Da nunmehr die künftigen Beziehungen zwischen den beiden Partnern durch ein so wichtiges und umfassendes Partnerschaftsabkommen geregelt sind, möchte der EWSA seinen Beitrag leisten, damit das Potenzial dieses Abkommens bestmöglich genutzt werden kann, insbesondere im Hinblick auf die Zivilgesellschaft des Vereinigten Königreichs. Der EWSA ist entschlossen, nach dem Brexit enge Kontakte zur Zivilgesellschaft des Vereinigten Königreichs aufrechtzuerhalten, den Dialog und den Austausch zu fördern und die Organisationen der Zivilgesellschaft in den sozialen Beschlussfassungsprozess einzubeziehen und so für den Schutz der starken wirtschaftlichen, sozialen und politischen Beziehungen zu sorgen, die sich während der ein halbes Jahrhundert dauernden EU‑Mitgliedschaft des Vereinigten Königreichs entwickelt haben.

  • verabschiedet on 27/04/2023 - Bureau decision date: 21/03/2023
    Referenz
    REX/574-EESC-2023
    Workers - GR II
    Plenary session number
    578
    -

    In accordance with the EU-UK Withdrawal Agreement, Regulation (EC) No 726/2004 and Directive 2001/83/EC as well as the Commission acts based on them, apply to and in the UK in respect of Northern Ireland.

     

    EESC opinion: Specific rules relating to medicinal products for human use intended to be placed on the market of Northern Ireland
  • verabschiedet on 27/04/2023 - Bureau decision date: 21/03/2023
    Referenz
    REX/575-EESC-2023
    Civil Society Organisations - GR III
    Plenary session number
    578
    -

    In accordance with the EU-UK Withdrawal Agreement, a number of EU legislative acts concerning sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures apply to and in the UK in respect of Northern Ireland after the end of the transition period set out in the Withdrawal Agreement.

    Accordingly, the entry into Northern Ireland from other parts of the UK of certain consignments of products of animal or plant origin, including animal food, plants for planting, machinery and vehicles for agricultural or forestry purposes and seed potatoes falls within the scope of these acts and is subject to official controls, certification requirements and prohibitions. This also applies to non-commercial movements of certain pet animals.

    EESC opinion: Specific rules relating to the entry into Northern Ireland from other parts of the United Kingdom of certain consignments of goods
  • verabschiedet on 25/01/2023 - Bureau decision date: 22/09/2022
    Referenz
    REX/563-EESC-2022-01-01
    Workers - GR II
    Ireland
    Plenary session number
    575
    -

    The general objective of the information report will be to feed into the political dialogue between the EU and UK and promote a joint reflection on their future relationship. More specifically, the information report will be transmitted to the relevant services in the European Commission, EEAS, European Parliament, and Council, as the EESC's contribution to addressing issues arising from the EU-UK Withdrawal Agreement and Northern Ireland Protocol.

    Information report: The implementation of the EU-UK Withdrawal Agreement, including the Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland
  • verabschiedet on 17/10/2018 - Bureau decision date: 18/09/2018
    Referenz
    TEN/682-EESC-2018
    Civil Society Organisations - GR III
    Ireland

     

     

    EESC opinion: Ship inspection and survey organisations with regard to the United Kingdom's withdrawal proposal
  • Strengthening ties between young people and youth organisations in the European Union and the United Kingdom will have tangible positive effects on a generation of Europeans disproportionately affected by the consequences of Brexit, according to the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC).

  • In particular the EESC:

    • supports the adoption and early implementation of the proposed regulation, which ensures adequate sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) standards for a transparent, streamlined and safe supply of the market of Northern Ireland from other parts of the UK;
    • acknowledges the significant effort made to reconcile the facilitation of procedures, to safeguard the integrity of the EU internal market and the protection of public animal and plant health;
    • urges the Commission to further clarify and provide solutions for the areas of more apparent divergence between SPS standards in the UK and the EU;
  • In particular, the EESC: 

    • supports the adoption and early implementation of the proposed regulation, which would ensure continuity of supply of medicinal products for human use in Northern Ireland;
    • agrees that it is essential that the proposed regulation contains a provision enabling suspension of the specific rules by the Commission in the event of the UK's non-compliance;
    • encourages ongoing consultation with key stakeholders to help ensure timely implementation as well as monitoring for any future risks to the delivery of the objectives of the proposed regulation;

    ...

  • At its January plenary session, the EESC adopted an information report on the Implementation of the EU-UK Withdrawal Agreement, including the Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland. The report shows that UK organised civil society is strongly in favour of a deeper and more constructive relationship with their EU counterparts and the EU as a whole. This could contribute to the implementation of the Withdrawal Agreement and help maximise the potential of the EU-UK Trade Cooperation Agreement.

  • The 6th meeting of the EU DAG set up under the EU-UK TCA featured the participation of the UK DAG Chair, Mr. Sean McGuire, to discuss the recent Windsor Framework on Northern Ireland, the situation of both DAGs and future joint steps. A DG TRADE representative presented and discussed with members the technical aspects of Level Playing Field provisions.

  • -
    In the context of the reinforced follow-up of EESC Information Report

    Following the adoption of the EESC Information Report on the Implementation of the EU-UK Withdrawal Agreement, the Committee is now promoting and giving it a reinforced follow-up using various communication channels, considering the relevance and the perfect timing of the subjects covered in the report.