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Die Partnerschaft Europa-Mittelmeer

Die Beziehungen zwischen der EU und ihren südlichen Nachbarstaaten zählen zu den Prioritäten des EWSA. Dessen Arbeit umfasst ein breites Spektrum von Bereichen, wie die Beteiligung der Zivilgesellschaft am politischen und zivilen Dialog, den demokratischen Übergang, Jugendarbeitslosigkeit, nachhaltige Entwicklung, Mobilität und Zuwanderung, Handel, erneuerbare Energien und Unternehmensentwicklung.

Der EWSA setzt sich seit 1995 mit diesen Themen auseinander. Nach den Veränderungen in der Region im Jahr 2010 wurde eine Anpassung der Zielsetzungen vorgenommen:

  • Unterstützung der organisierten Zivilgesellschaft in den Ländern, die sich im Übergangsprozess befinden, wobei sich diese Unterstützung insbesondere an Gewerkschaften und Arbeitgeberorganisationen sowie Frauen-, Jugend- und Landwirtschaftsverbände richtet;
  • Pflege bilateraler Beziehungen mit den nationalen Wirtschafts- und Sozialräten in der Region sowie Schaffung der erforderlichen Voraussetzungen für die Einbindung der Zivilgesellschaft in den politischen Dialog in den südlichen Partnerländern;
  • Erarbeitung von Stellungnahmen und gemeinsamen Berichten zu den zentralen politischen Herausforderungen in der Region;
  • Veranstaltung regelmäßiger Treffen mit EU-Institutionen und internationalen Organisationen, um die Politik in Bezug auf die Zivilgesellschaft in der Region zu erörtern;
  • Organisation eines jährlichen Gipfels der Wirtschafts- und Sozialräte und vergleichbaren Institutionen, auf dem Empfehlungen für wichtige Maßnahmen im Zusammenhang mit den größten Herausforderungen der Region an die politischen Entscheidungsträger der nationalen Regierungen und der EU ausgesprochen werden.
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verabschiedet on 11/10/2016
Referenz: 
REX/460-EESC

This report follows the conclusion of the 2015 Euro-Mediterranean Summit of Economic and Social Councils and Similar Institutions on cooperation with third countries in promoting regular migration to the EU and will be presented at the 2016 Euromed Summit. Cooperation with countries of origin and international bodies to increase transit possibilities for regular migrants to the EU is the most effective way of combating the illicit trafficking of people and meeting the need for workers in EU countries. The aim of the information report is to define the pillars that can facilitate cooperation on regular migration and ascertain what experience has been gained from labour migration agreements with countries of origin and from the ways in which the Member States manage recruitment abroad.

EESC section opinion: Regular migration to the EU

in Erarbeitung (updated on 18/04/2019)
Referenz: 
REX/519-EESC

At the 2018 Euromed Summit, it was agreed that the next Information Report to be presented to the 2019 Summit of ESCs and Similar institutions will deal with the topic of the impact of digitalisation on SMEs in the Mediterranean area.

The integration of millions of young graduates into the job market each year constitutes a major challenge for the countries of the Southern Mediterranean. Small and medium-sized companies (SMEs) play a decisive role in the fight against youth unemployment as they are important drivers of job creation and provide 80% of employment in the region.

verabschiedet on 21/09/2011
Referenz: 
REX/329-EESC-2011-1394
Plenartagung: 
474 -
Sep 21, 2011 Sep 22, 2011

The central message of this exploratory opinion is the need for a coordinated approach on renewable energies in the region, one that is based on co-development.

verabschiedet on 21/09/2011
Referenz: 
REX/330-EESC-2011-425
Plenartagung: 
474 -
Sep 21, 2011 Sep 22, 2011

The opinion examines what has become a key sector in the Euromed region. The uprisings in the Euromed region, besides putting the spotlight on the abuses of autocratic dictators, have also drawn attention to the urgent need for economic and social development, especially in rural areas. Food insecurity and high food prices are set to remain a problem in the region.

Rural development and employment in the Euromed region

verabschiedet on 09/07/2014
Referenz: 
REX/398-EESC-2014-873
Plenartagung: 
500 -
Jul 09, 2014 Jul 10, 2014

The exploratory opinion is being drawn up at the request of the Greek Presidency of the European Union. Immigration-related issues remain a key challenge for the European Union and its Member States with a comprehensive and common strategy at EU level remaining elusive, in spite of the continued pressures that are being felt on the EU's borders.

European Immigration policy and relationship with third countries

verabschiedet on 21/09/2011
Referenz: 
REX/341-EESC-2011-1395
Plenartagung: 
474 -
Sep 21, 2011 Sep 22, 2011

This opinion is the EESC's key response to the events in the Euromed region. It provides a thorough analysis of the EU's past failings and the lessons which need to be drawn from them, the most urgent needs facing civil society in the current transition phase, and the longer term perspectives for civil society in the region. The opinion also responds to the two joint communications issued by the European Commission and EEAS on the EU's new Euromed policy, calling for close cooperation between the EU institutions in the region

Civil society in the Euromed region

verabschiedet on 11/09/2014
Referenz: 
REX/414-EESC-0000

The aim of the opinion is to call on the representatives of the European Community institutions and national government to take account of the key role of the social partners and organised civil society in providing European immigration policies with a social dimension and added value.

 

verabschiedet on 09/10/2014
Referenz: 
REX/399-EESC

The information report will seek to take a holistic approach to situation of young people in the north and south of the region, looking not just at the employment market but at wider trends amongst young people also outside of work, their self-perception, their political and social outlook on the future, their living arrangements, their view of their parents' generation and other older generations, as well as their view of the region and its role in a globalised world.

The Economic and Social Situation of young people in the Euromed region

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