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Le relazioni tra l'UE e i suoi vicini meridionali costituiscono una delle priorità del Comitato. La nostra attività in tale ambito riguarda un'ampia gamma di settori, come la partecipazione della società civile al dialogo politico e civile, la transizione democratica, l'occupazione giovanile, lo sviluppo sostenibile, la mobilità e l'immigrazione, il commercio, le energie rinnovabili e lo sviluppo delle imprese.

Il CESE lavora su tali questioni sin dal 1995. A seguito dei cambiamenti nella regione nel 2010, il Comitato ha adeguato di conseguenza i suoi obiettivi, puntando a:

  • sostenere le organizzazioni della società civile nei paesi in transizione. Tale sostegno è destinato, in particolare, ai sindacati e alle organizzazioni dei datori di lavoro nonché alle associazioni delle donne, dei giovani e degli agricoltori;
  • mantenere relazioni bilaterali con i consigli economici e sociali nazionali nella regione e lavorare per creare le condizioni per l'inclusione della società civile nel dialogo politico dei paesi partner meridionali;
  • formulare pareri e relazioni congiunte sulle sfide strategiche chiave che la regione si trova ad affrontare;
  • tenere riunioni periodiche con le istituzioni europee e le organizzazioni internazionali per discutere le politiche riguardanti la società civile nella regione;
  • organizzare un vertice annuale per i consigli economici e sociali e istituzioni analoghe, in occasione dei quali vengano presentate ai responsabili delle politiche dei governi nazionali e dell'UE raccomandazioni sulle politiche chiave riguardanti le sfide principali della regione.
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Adottati on 24/01/2023
Sessione plenaria: 
575 -
Jan 24, 2023 Jan 25, 2023

The Covid-19 pandemic is strongly affecting the Euro-Mediterranean region, creating new challenges and exacerbating pre-existing ones. The pandemic has highlighted fundamental weaknesses in institutions, economies and health systems. Civil society plays a key role in the reconstruction and resilience of the whole region.

Parere del CESE: COVID-19: The role of civil society in the reconstruction and resilience of the Euro-Mediterranean region

Adottati on 11/12/2019

At the 2018 Euromed Summit, it was agreed that the next Information Report to be presented to the 2019 Summit of ESCs and Similar institutions will deal with the topic of the impact of digitalisation on SMEs in the Mediterranean area.

The integration of millions of young graduates into the job market each year constitutes a major challenge for the countries of the Southern Mediterranean. Small and medium-sized companies (SMEs) play a decisive role in the fight against youth unemployment as they are important drivers of job creation and provide 80% of employment in the region.

Information report: Digitalisation and SMEs in the Mediterranean region (information report)

Adottati on 20/03/2019

The EESC regularly produces information reports to be presented at the yearly Euromed Summit of Economic and Social Councils and Similar institutions. In 2018, based on feedback from the previous summit, the Euromed Follow-Up Committee decided to focus on the topic of education and vocational training (VET) in the Euro-Mediterranean region.

Information report: Education and vocational training in the Euromed region (Information report)

Adottati on 18/10/2017

The situation concerning economic, social and cultural rights is quite patchy in the Euro-Mediterranean region. Although some countries, in the wake of what has been called the Arab spring, drew up new constitutions enshrining some of these rights in legislation for the very first time, the rights have not always been respected. In certain other countries, these rights have been weakened since 2011.The aim of this information report would be to give an overview of the current situation as regards economic, social and cultural rights in the Euro-Mediterranean region, as well as pinpointing new avenues for work in the future. This report would be submitted at the Euromed Summit of Economic and Social Councils and would enable us to work together with our counterparts from the Mediterranean countries.

Parere del CESE: Economic, social and cultural rights in the Euro-Mediterranean region (own-initiative opinion)

Adottati on 19/10/2016

This report follows the conclusion of the 2015 Euro-Mediterranean Summit of Economic and Social Councils and Similar Institutions on cooperation with third countries in promoting regular migration to the EU and will be presented at the 2016 Euromed Summit. Cooperation with countries of origin and international bodies to increase transit possibilities for regular migrants to the EU is the most effective way of combating the illicit trafficking of people and meeting the need for workers in EU countries. The aim of the information report is to define the pillars that can facilitate cooperation on regular migration and ascertain what experience has been gained from labour migration agreements with countries of origin and from the ways in which the Member States manage recruitment abroad.

Information report: Cooperation with third countries in promoting regular migration into the EU (Information report)

Adottati on 07/10/2015

This report is the result of the commitment of the EESC Euromed Follow-Up Committee to women issues in the region.

The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) is fully aware of the varying circumstances in different countries in the Mediterranean region. It is particularly aware of the conflict and instability affecting many southern Mediterranean countries. The EESC calls on the European Commission (EC) and governments of the countries of the Euro-Mediterranean region to develop shared solutions to these challenges – including poverty, economic challenges, conflict and terrorism – which are resulting in unacceptable suffering, especially among women.

The central role that women play in the process of democratisation during transitional periods, when drafting national constitutions and when reforming current laws must be safeguarded and sustained through good governance in order to prevent setbacks in gender equality.


Report on the situation of women in the Euro-Mediterranean region

Adottati on 23/06/2015
Sessione plenaria: 
509 -
Jul 01, 2015 Jul 02, 2015

The Neighbourhood policy is high on the agenda of the EESC's external relations priorities. This opinion will provide the contribution of the Committee to this consultation process as a first step, to be followed by a reaction to the Commission document that will be issued in the 2nd semester of 2015.


Parere del CESE: Towards a new European neighbourhood policy