Amérique latine et Caraïbes

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Le CESE travaille avec ses homologues d’Amérique latine et des Caraïbes depuis les années 1990. Dans plusieurs de ses avis, le CESE s’est concentré sur les relations avec cette région, au niveau régional, sous-régional et national. Parmi les priorités du CESE figurent le développement des organisations de la société civile, le développement économique et social, l’intégration régionale et la coopération dans la sphère multilatérale.

Au niveau régional, le CESE organise des réunions bisannuelles entre les représentants des organisations de la société civile d’Europe, d’Amérique latine et des Caraïbes; il s’agit d’un des événements préparatoires au sommet UE-CELAC. 

Aux niveaux sous-régional et national, plusieurs structures permanentes ont été établies: en 2009, le CESE a mis en place une table ronde de la société civile avec le Conseil économique et social brésilien afin d’offrir un espace de dialogue et de coopération continue entre les représentants des sociétés civiles brésilienne et européenne. L’accord d’association UE-Chili a donné mandat au Comité pour mettre en place avec son homologue chilien un comité consultatif paritaire chargé du suivi de l’accord; ce comité a finalement été créé en 2016. En ce qui concerne les pays de la Communauté andine, le CESE participe au groupe consultatif interne chargé du suivi de l’accord de libre-échange UE-Colombie/Pérou/Équateur. Il participe également au comité consultatif Cariforum-UE qui supervise l’accord de partenariat économique Cariforum-UE. Des relations permanentes ont été établies avec les homologues institutionnels du CESE dans les pays du Mercosur (Forum consultatif économique et social) et d’Amérique centrale (comité consultatif sur le système d’intégration centraméricain).

 

  • Latest update

    In October 2008, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Dominican Republic, being members of the Forum of the Caribbean Group of African, Caribbean and Pacific States (CARIFORUM), signed the CARIFORUM-EU Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) with the European Union (EU). Haiti signed the agreement in December 2009, but has not yet applied it, as it still has to be ratified.

    The first objective of Article 1 of the Agreement indicated that the EPA is expected to contribute to “the reduction and eventual eradication of poverty through the establishment of a trade partnership consistent with the objective of sustainable development, the Millennium Development Goals and the Cotonou Agreement” but also to promote regional integration, economic cooperation and good governance, and to improve CARIFORUM States' capacity in trade policy and trade-related issues.

    In the context of the implementation of this EPA, the ILO Decent Work Team (DWT) for the English and Dutch-speaking Caribbean based in Trinidad and Tobago put together, with the financial support of the EU, the project “Support to Facilitate Participation of CARIFORUM Civil Society in the Regional Development and Integration Process: Challenges to CARIFORUM Labour, Private Sector and Employers to Fulfil their EPA Obligations”. It targeted all CARIFORUM countries and was to be implemented between 2015 and 2018. This project is herein after referred to as the “ILO-EU Project”.

    CARIFORUM Civil Society in the Regional Development and Integration Process
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    The Implementation of Article 232 CARIFORUM-EU Consultative Committee
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    At the dawn of the new millennium, the European Union (EU) wanted to change profoundly its economic and commercial relationship with the countries of the Africa-
    Caribbean-Pacific (ACP) with whom she had a privileged relationship. This relationship was hitherto based for a quarter of a century on a traditional vision support to the former British and French colonies through the opening non-reciprocal nature of the European market to products originating from these countries. This arrangement was gradually considered ineffective and not in accordance with the rules of the international trade. This led the EU to favor a new approach neo-liberal inspiration, nuanced by a certain consideration of the differences in between the EU and ACP countries. It has in fact acted, through the Economic Partnership (EPA), to put in place free trade agreements between
    the EU and large ACP regions, de jure demanding a strong reciprocity with openness from 2008 ACP markets to products (goods and services) originating in the EU.

    Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) as a support tool for ACP countries in their economic development strategy and market: the case of the CARIFORUM-EU EPA
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    The OECS and IOC are two small regional integration and cooperation organizations, respectively, founded by small island ACP States to support them in their economic and social development efforts, and which have subsequently opened up to a certain degree of differentiated participation in French overseas territories in a context of evolving international and commercial relations.
    In this article, we propose a comparative analysis of these two organizations and this participation, highlighting the common points, but also the important legal, political, socio-economic and financial differences.
    The first part is devoted to the comparative analytical presentation of the two organizations, before going on to discuss in a second part the question of the participation of French Overseas Territories and its differentiated modalities. The conclusion provides an overall assessment of observed dynamics.

    Regional Integration and Participation of French Overseas: A Comparative Analysis of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) and the Indian Ocean Commission (IOC)
  • Document type
    Joint declaration
    Latest update
    Joint Declaration
  • Document type
    Final declaration
    Latest update
    Final declaration
  • Speaker
    Altagracia Jiménez Paniagua
    Organisation
    CSA/TUCA
    Presentation - 9th meeting latin america caribbean - Altagracia Jiménez Paniagua
  • Published in
    6 pages

    L’activité du CESE en Amérique latine s’inscrit dans le cadre de la politique de l’Union européenne (UE) relative à cette région et, notamment, dans celui du partenariat stratégique UE-Amérique latine et Caraïbes, des négociations des accords d’association avec l’Amérique centrale, le Mexique, le Chili et le Mercosur, des accords de libre-échange conclus avec le Pérou et la Colombie et, enfin, du partenariat stratégique UE-Brésil.