Europa

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En Europa, el CESE mantiene relaciones con los interlocutores sociales y las organizaciones de la sociedad civil de los Balcanes Occidentales, la vecindad oriental, los Estados de la AELC integrados en el EEE (Islandia, Liechtenstein y Noruega) y el Reino Unido.

El Comité de Seguimiento para los Balcanes Occidentales (un organismo interno permanente del CESE) es el principal instrumento para coordinar las actividades del CESE en la región. El Foro de la Sociedad Civil de los Balcanes Occidentales, que se celebra cada dos años, forma parte de la labor del Comité de Seguimiento.

El CESE también colabora bilateralmente con los países de los Balcanes Occidentales que han iniciado las negociaciones de adhesión y con Turquía, a través de organismos especializados creados sobre la base de acuerdos de asociación entre estos países y la UE: el objetivo de estos comités consultivos mixtos es involucrar a los interlocutores sociales y a las organizaciones de la sociedad civil en el seguimiento de los procesos de preadhesión y reforma hacia una posible adhesión a la UE. Cada organismo se compone de un número equivalente de miembros del CESE y del país socio y se suele reunir una o dos veces al año.

El CESE también ha creado un Comité de Seguimiento de la Vecindad Oriental, un órgano interno encargado de mejorar las relaciones con la sociedad civil de los países de la región: Armenia, Azerbaiyán, Bielorrusia, Georgia, Moldavia y Ucrania.

Los principales mecanismos de cooperación con Armenia, Georgia, Moldavia y Ucrania son las plataformas de la sociedad civil, que permiten a las organizaciones de la sociedad civil de la UE y del país socio supervisar la aplicación de los acuerdos de la UE con estos países y elaborar recomendaciones destinadas a las autoridades pertinentes. Además, Ucrania y Moldavia se convirtieron en países candidatos en 2022.

En cuanto a Bielorrusia y Rusia, se están entablando relaciones con las organizaciones de la sociedad civil que siguen operando libremente, la mayoría de ellas con sede en territorio de la UE. El CESE considera importante mantener vivo el diálogo, a la espera de mejores condiciones en el futuro.

El Espacio Económico Europeo (EEE) agrupa a los Estados miembros de la UE y a tres de los cuatro Estados de la AELC (Islandia, Liechtenstein y Noruega) en un mercado interior en el que pueden circular libremente bienes, servicios, capitales y personas. El CESE forma parte del Comité Consultivo del Espacio Económico Europeo, en cuyo seno se debaten cuestiones de interés común con representantes de los interlocutores sociales de los Estados de la AELC integrados en el EEE.

Por último, el CESE cuenta con un Comité de Seguimiento UE-Reino Unido encargado de supervisar las relaciones entre la UE y el Reino Unido de Gran Bretaña e Irlanda del Norte desde la perspectiva de la sociedad civil. Su trabajo se centra especialmente en la aplicación del Acuerdo de Retirada entre la UE y el Reino Unido y del Protocolo sobre Irlanda e Irlanda del Norte, sobre los que mantiene conversaciones con organizaciones de la sociedad civil del Reino Unido, así como en la aplicación del Acuerdo de Comercio y Cooperación entre la UE y el Reino Unido, sobre el que el Comité de Seguimiento UE-Reino Unido coopera con el Grupo Consultivo Interno de la UE en el marco del Acuerdo de Comercio y Cooperación entre la UE y el Reino Unido.

  • Hearing on how to involve civil society in EU Member States when ratifying trade agreements

    In recent years, EU trade policy has become a true issue of debate in the civil society at national level: that shows the need to bring trade policy closer to EU citizens. EU Member States have different existing national structures, procedures and consultation methods, as well as ratification processes; however, citizens from most countries not always seem to be able to fully express their voices in national debates on trade policy. The objective of the event was that of a) assessing and examining the different kinds of consultation procedures that exist in the Member States; b) exploring how civil society and consultative structures, wherever they exist, are informed or consulted on negotiations and implementation of trade agreements, and c) promoting the experience of the EESC in the domain of the EU trade policy.

  • The Civil Society Platform complements the political bodies existing within the framework of the EU-Georgia Association Agreement, and it allows civil society organisations from both sides to monitor the implementation process and prepare their recommendations to the relevant authorities both in Georgia as well as in the European Union.

  • 26th meeting of the European Economic Area Consultative Committee
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    The members of the Committee discussed the latest developments in EEA as well as EU/EFTA issues. The Consultative Committee adopted two resolutions on:

    • the social aspects of the Mobility Package ("Europe on the move")
    • the work-life balance
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    The 3rd meeting of the EU-Ukraine Civil Society Platform will take place on 8-9 November 2016 in Kyiv. During the meeting, a debate will be held assessing the state of play in the implementation of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement, and two reports, prepared by both sides, will be discussed and adopted – on labour market regulation with a focus on the adaptation of Ukrainian labour legislation to the EU legislation, and on anti-discrimination legislation and practice with regard to the rights of vulnerable groups in the context of the Association Agreement. A Joint Declaration will beadopted at the end of the meeting to be forwarded to the EU-Ukraine Association Council, the Association Committee, the Parliamentary Association Committee and other relevant bodies both in Ukraine as well as in the EU.

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    The EU-Turkey Civil Society Joint Consultative Committee was established in 1995, based on the mandate given by the Ankara Agreement. This body is composed of members from the EESC and members representing organised civil society in Turkey. Its objective is to contribute to the dialogue among civil society organisations in Turkey and the EU and to issue reports and recommendations to the Turkish authorities and the EU institutions.

    Among the many topics to be discussed at this JCC meeting: The EU-Turkey relations, the rôle of Turkey in the refugee crisis, the Enhancement of EU-Turkey bilateral trade relations and modernisation of the Customs Union, the Blue Economy in the Western Mediterranean.

     

  • The Civil Society Platform complements the political bodies existing within the framework of the EU-Moldova Association Agreement, and it allows civil society organisations from both sides to monitor the implementation process and prepare their recommendations to the relevant authorities both in the Republic of Moldova as well as in the European Union.

  • The 6th meeting of the EU-Ukraine Civil Society Platform took place on 12 April 2018 in Brussels. During the meeting, a debate was held assessing the state of play in the implementation of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement, and two reports, prepared by both sides,on the role of salary and its impact on labour migration, and on climate change, were discussed and adopted.

  • This 10th JCC was held in Brussels and it tackled the following issues:

    • The current state of play in EU-Montenegro relations and the accession process
    • The digitalization as a tool for social and economic development
    • Public administration reform
    • Overview of the civil society in Montenegro
    • State of the media sector in Montenegro
    • The Joint Declaration from the meeting was adopted
  • The 5th meeting of the EU-Ukraine Civil Society Platform took place on 15 November 2017 in Kyiv. During the meeting, a debate was held assessing the state of play in the implementation of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement, and two reports, prepared by both sides, were discussed and adopted – on the Progress in the implementation of Euro-integration reforms in the field of Science and Technology, and on The rights of the Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs). A Joint Declaration was adopted at the end of the meeting to be forwarded to the EU-Ukraine Association Council, the Association Committee, the Parliamentary Association Committee and other relevant bodies both in Ukraine as well as in the EU.

  • EU-Russia Cooperation in the areas of Higher Education and Rural Development

    The 7th Joint Seminar of the European Economic and Social Committee and the Civic Chamber of the Russian Federation (CCRF) will bring together EESC members and representatives of their Russian counterpart, representatives of the European Commission, experts and academics, to discuss cooperation in the areas of higher education and rural development. During four thematic sessions, participants will focus on EU-Russia cooperation in the fields of science, research and innovation; aligning higher education in the EU and Russia (the Bologna Process) and Erasmus+, on narrowing the gaps between rural and urban areas, and on cross-border cooperation for businesses and SMEs.