Países de la ampliación

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El CESE participa activamente en el proceso de ampliación de la UE y ha desarrollado un enfoque dual (regional y bilateral) para sus relaciones con las organizaciones de la sociedad civil en los países candidatos a la adhesión.

En lo que respecta al enfoque regional, el Comité de Seguimiento para los Balcanes Occidentales (un organismo interno permanente del CESE) es el principal instrumento para coordinar las actividades del CESE en la región. El Foro de la Sociedad Civil de los Balcanes Occidentales, que se celebra cada dos años, forma parte de la labor del Comité de Seguimiento.

El CESE también trabaja bilateralmente con los países de los Balcanes Occidentales y con Turquía. Sobre la base de acuerdos de asociación entre estos países y la UE, con el fin de involucrar a las organizaciones de la sociedad civil en los procesos de preadhesión y adhesión, el CESE ha creado tres organismos conjuntos con representantes de la sociedad civil (con Turquía, Montenegro y Serbia). Cada organismo se compone de un número equivalente de miembros del CESE y del país asociado en cuestión, y se reúne dos veces al año.

El CESE mantiene contactos periódicos y organiza actividades conjuntas con las organizaciones de la sociedad civil de los países candidatos a la adhesión con los que aún no se ha creado ningún organismo conjunto de representantes de la sociedad civil.

La labor de los organismos conjuntos viene acompañada por la elaboración de dictámenes del CESE sobre los procesos de preadhesión y adhesión de cada país, así como sobre otras cuestiones de interés regional.

  • Adopted on 27/04/2021 - Bureau decision date: 01/12/2020
    Reference
    INT/930-EESC-2020-01-01
    Workers - GR II
    Malta

    The Communication stresses the EU's commitment to safeguarding an online environment providing the highest possible freedom and security, for the benefit of its citizens.

    EESC opinion: Communication on cybersecurity strategy
  • Adopted on 10/07/2014
    Reference
    REX/401-EESC-2014-01-01-1609
    Diversity Europe - GR III
    Plenary session number
    500
    -

    This own-initiative opinion will draw upon the first-hand experiences of the non-state actors (civil society, business and trade unions) engaged in the accession negotiations between Croatia and the EU over the period 2005-11, as well as experiences of EESC members who have been engaged in the work of Joint Consultative Committees (JCCs) with accession countries over the past seven years (Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey and Montenegro) as well as the Western Balkans Follow-up Committee.

  • Adopted on 21/01/2014
    Reference
    ECO/359-EESC-2014-01-01-7379
    Employers - GR I
    Greece
    Plenary session number
    495
    -

    The EESC welcomes the special attention devoted to drawing up a European Union Strategy for the Adriatic and Ionian Region (EUSAIR), in order to support cohesion and competitiveness in the light of challenges that cannot be satisfactorily resolved by single regions or countries through the usual means. The EESC believes that EUSAIR must adopt a comprehensive programme with an action-oriented list of projects and schemes, and strongly recommends that better use be made of the private sector's potential to attract investment (both local and international) and to create business opportunities. Simultaneously, the strategy should include a stronger social dimension, in order to better support inclusive growth in the Adriatic and Ionian region.

  • Adopted on 10/07/2013
    Reference
    REX/381-EESC-2013-01-01-1176
    Diversity Europe - GR III
    Romania
    Workers - GR II
    Austria
    Plenary session number
    491
    -

    The opinion should take stock of the current situation of civil society in Serbia (legal environment, relations with the authorities, situation of social and civil dialogues) and propose recommendations for possible EU action in this field. The opinion will provide an opportunity to get the views of Serbian civil society organisations in the course of a study visit to Serbia.

  • Adopted on 12/03/2008
    Reference
    REX/239-EESC-2008-01-01-505
    Plenary session number
    443
    -
  • Adopted on 24/10/2007
    Reference
    REX/237-EESC-2007-01-01-1468
    Diversity Europe - GR III
    Austria
    Plenary session number
    439
    -
  • Reference number
    9/2024

    Today, the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) officially launched its initiative to welcome civil society representatives from EU candidate countries. A total of 131 'Enlargement Candidate Members' (ECM) were selected to make up  the pool of civil society experts who will be participating in the Committee's work, thus making the EESC the first institution to open its doors to EU candidate countries. The initiative, a political priority of EESC President Oliver Röpke, sets new standards for involving candidate countries in EU activities, facilitating their progressive and tangible integration into the EU.

  • Reference number
    51/2023

    In the run-up to the EU-Western Balkans Summit, the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) met with Montenegrin civil society on 7 December 2023 to take stock of the country's accession progress, and in particular its public administration reform. The participants raised concerns about the weakening capacity of the country's public administration to respond to the growing demands of the EU agenda. However, with the new government, there is a window of opportunity for the necessary reforms to move forward in the accession negotiations.

  • Reference number
    40

    The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) held the 9th edition of the Western Balkans Civil Society Forum on 19-20 October 2023, just a few weeks ahead of the European Commission's Enlargement Package and the New Growth Plan. The Forum signalled a renewed momentum for the region to join the EU, in view of the current geopolitical situation and a clear commitment of EU leaders to the enlargement policy. Representatives of Civil Society Organisations stressed the need for greater support and safeguarding of civic space to facilitate the essential socio-economic reforms required for EU integration.

  • Reference number
    30/2023

    The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) welcomed representatives from civil society organisations from candidate countries at its July plenary session, announcing the initiative to appoint Honorary Enlargement Members and invite them to participate in the daily advisory work of the Committee