Países de la ampliación

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El CESE participa activamente en el proceso de ampliación de la UE y ha desarrollado un enfoque dual (regional y bilateral) para sus relaciones con las organizaciones de la sociedad civil en los países candidatos a la adhesión.

En lo que respecta al enfoque regional, el Comité de Seguimiento para los Balcanes Occidentales (un organismo interno permanente del CESE) es el principal instrumento para coordinar las actividades del CESE en la región. El Foro de la Sociedad Civil de los Balcanes Occidentales, que se celebra cada dos años, forma parte de la labor del Comité de Seguimiento.

El CESE también trabaja bilateralmente con los países de los Balcanes Occidentales y con Turquía. Sobre la base de acuerdos de asociación entre estos países y la UE, con el fin de involucrar a las organizaciones de la sociedad civil en los procesos de preadhesión y adhesión, el CESE ha creado tres organismos conjuntos con representantes de la sociedad civil (con Turquía, Montenegro y Serbia). Cada organismo se compone de un número equivalente de miembros del CESE y del país asociado en cuestión, y se reúne dos veces al año.

El CESE mantiene contactos periódicos y organiza actividades conjuntas con las organizaciones de la sociedad civil de los países candidatos a la adhesión con los que aún no se ha creado ningún organismo conjunto de representantes de la sociedad civil.

La labor de los organismos conjuntos viene acompañada por la elaboración de dictámenes del CESE sobre los procesos de preadhesión y adhesión de cada país, así como sobre otras cuestiones de interés regional.

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Opinion
Aprobados on 10/07/2014
Referencia: 
REX/401-EESC-2014-1609
Pleno: 
500 -
Jul 09, 2014 Jul 10, 2014

This own-initiative opinion will draw upon the first-hand experiences of the non-state actors (civil society, business and trade unions) engaged in the accession negotiations between Croatia and the EU over the period 2005-11, as well as experiences of EESC members who have been engaged in the work of Joint Consultative Committees (JCCs) with accession countries over the past seven years (Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey and Montenegro) as well as the Western Balkans Follow-up Committee.

Enhancing the transparency and inclusiveness of the EU accession process

Opinion
Aprobados on 21/01/2014
Referencia: 
ECO/359-EESC-2014-7379
Pleno: 
495 -
Jan 21, 2014 Jan 22, 2014

The EESC welcomes the special attention devoted to drawing up a European Union Strategy for the Adriatic and Ionian Region (EUSAIR), in order to support cohesion and competitiveness in the light of challenges that cannot be satisfactorily resolved by single regions or countries through the usual means. The EESC believes that EUSAIR must adopt a comprehensive programme with an action-oriented list of projects and schemes, and strongly recommends that better use be made of the private sector's potential to attract investment (both local and international) and to create business opportunities. Simultaneously, the strategy should include a stronger social dimension, in order to better support inclusive growth in the Adriatic and Ionian region.

EU Strategy for the Adriatic and Ionian Region (EUSAIR)

Opinion
Aprobados on 10/07/2013
Referencia: 
REX/381-EESC-2013-1176
Pleno: 
491 -
Jul 10, 2013 Jul 11, 2013

The opinion should take stock of the current situation of civil society in Serbia (legal environment, relations with the authorities, situation of social and civil dialogues) and propose recommendations for possible EU action in this field. The opinion will provide an opportunity to get the views of Serbian civil society organisations in the course of a study visit to Serbia.

The role of civil society in EU-Serbia relations

01/12/2022
News

The  EU-Serbia Joint Consultative Committee (JCC) held its 14th meeting on 29 November 2022 in Belgrade, to discuss the state of play in the accession process and reform policies in the country. The participants from Serbia and the EU Institutions, as well as from civil society organisations pointed out concerns and challenges that still need further improvement. The joint declaration of the EU-Serbia JCC was adopted unanimously.

25/05/2022
News

Cohesion policy is key to overcoming the COVID-19 crisis, to achieving climate neutrality by 2050 and to reducing disparities in Europe. Its most serious challenge for the foreseeable future, however, is the war in Ukraine, the EESC cautions in a recent opinion. Rapid action is needed to help refugees and ensure the country's European integration.

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