EU strategy on fertilisers

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Practical information

Background

Fertilisers play a significant role in crop production yields and are therefore closely linked to global food security.

The COVID-19 pandemic with its supply chain disruptions, followed by the energy crisis and Russia’s illegal and unjustified invasion of Ukraine, have resulted in record high mineral fertiliser prices. This has led to difficulties for farmers to afford to buy fertilisers, which has a direct impact on the yield and sometimes quality of the harvests, leading to food prices increases. European fertiliser industry has also been affected (high prices of natural gas and dependence on imports of natural gas as well as on imports of phosphates and potash).

While the Farm to Fork Strategy’s target is to reduce nutrient losses by 50% by 2030 (improving the way fertilisers are applied), the EU needs to ensure the availability and affordability of fertilisers for his farmers, considering also his exports to non-EU countries.

In this context, the European Commission adopted on 9 November 2022 a communication on "Ensuring availability and affordability of fertilisers". This Communication outlines measures and best practices to maintain a sustainable European fertilisers' production, optimise use and reduce dependency on mineral fertilisers.