Evaluating the European Energy Union – The social and societal dimension of the energy transition

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Practical information

  1. Composition of the study group
  2. Administrator: Kristian KRIEGER, Assistant: Nadezhda SERTOVA
  3. Foreseen for the TEN Section meeting:  May 2020
  4. Foreseen for the EESC Plenary session:  June 2020
  5. Reason for drawing up an information report

  6. The proposed assessment would focus on the Energy Union policies of the European Union. The Energy Union sets out a vision of "an Energy Union with citizens at its core, where citizens take ownership of the energy transition, benefit from new technologies to reduce their bills, participate actively in the market, and where vulnerable consumers are protected" (COM(2015) 80). In addition, the European Commission formulated the ambition to achieve a "socially-fair transition", most recently reiterated in the long-term energy and climate strategy towards EU climate neutrality by 2050 (COM(2018) 773).

    Specifically, the policy evaluation would assess to what extent policies adopted since the launch of the Energy Union in February 2015 have addressed the social and societal dimension, in particular social risks, of the transformation and changes to the energy supply industry, energy market design and energy policy-making. The assessment would explore social risks in terms of (un)employment and skill formation; consumer rights, protection, and empowerment; energy poverty and access; and public health. On the other hand, the democratic quality of the energy policy-making process would be assessed.

    The assessment would allow the EESC to take stock and inform other EU institutions of the appraisal, criticism, concerns and demands of the organisations represented within the EESC and other civil society organisations of the aforementioned policies and thus fulfil its advisory functions in compliance with article 300(1) TFEU and the decision from Bureau meeting on the 13 March 2018.