Vizinhos europeus do Leste
As atividades do CESE relativas aos vizinhos europeus de Leste envolvem a Arménia, o Azerbaijão, a Bielorrússia, a Geórgia, a Moldávia e a Ucrânia. O principal objetivo do CESE em relação aos vizinhos europeus de Leste é reforçar as relações com as organizações da sociedade civil na região e envolvê-las num diálogo com os responsáveis políticos, quer a nível nacional, quer a nível da sociedade civil organizada da UE.
Os principais mecanismos de cooperação com a Geórgia, a Moldávia e a Ucrânia são as plataformas da sociedade civil, que complementam os órgãos políticos existentes no âmbito dos acordos de associação da UE com estes países. As plataformas permitem às organizações da sociedade civil da UE e do país parceiro monitorizar o processo de implementação e formular recomendações às autoridades competentes.
Do lado da UE, as plataformas são compostas por membros do CESE e por representantes das grandes redes europeias da sociedade civil. Do lado do país parceiro, as plataformas representam um vasto leque de organizações da sociedade civil. A sua composição tem por base uma representação equilibrada de todos os grupos de interesse (empregadores, sindicatos e grupos de interesses diversos).
No CESE, o Comité de Acompanhamento para os Vizinhos Europeus do Leste foi criado em 2004, como órgão responsável pelas relações com a sociedade civil nos países da vizinhança oriental. O Comité de Acompanhamento reúne-se habitualmente quatro vezes por ano e os seus membros participam ativamente nas atividades da Parceria Oriental, tais como as plataformas multilaterais da Parceria Oriental e o Fórum da Sociedade Civil da Parceria Oriental.
The situation of civil society in Belarus following the presidential elections in August 2020 and the huge level of repression, as well as the tragic fate of the people in Afghanistan, show that the EU has to speak up with one voice in the geopolitical arena.
On 26 September, the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) approved an own-initiative opinion to mark the 10th anniversary of the Eastern Partnership (EaP). In this opinion, the EESC acknowledges the important achievements of this initiative, but also calls for further reforms in the areas of democratisation and fundamental freedoms. The opinion insists on the need to strengthen the role of civil society and to provide credible EU membership prospects to EaP states.
The 3rd meeting of the EU-Ukraine Civil Society Platform (CSP) held in Kyiv on 8-9 November focused on labour market regulation and antidiscrimination legislation and practices in Ukraine, as well as reviewed the progress of the reforms undertaken within the Association Agreement process. The civil society organisations of the EU and Ukraine strongly called for the EU Member States to push, with all necessary political and economic means, for the restoration of Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, establishing peace and solving the humanitarian problems of the residents of these and adjoining territories. Opening the meeting, Alfredas Jonuška ...
The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) hosted a high-level conference on 5 September to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the Eastern Partnership.
Georgia has the best track record in freedom of media among the Eastern Partnership countries, but nevertheless sustained efforts are called for in order to raise the standard of journalistic quality, objectivity and ethics, as well as secure their independence and sources of financing. This was one of the main messages of the EU-Georgia Civil Society Platform (CSP)'s second meeting held on 16th February at the EESC. The Platform also made recommendations for the Georgian government to ...
The 1st and inaugural meeting of the EU-Georgia Civil Society Platform (CSP) was held on 16th June 2016 in Tbilisi and was co-chaired by Andrzej Adamczyk, member of the EESC, and Kakha Gogolashvili, chairman of the Georgian National Platform at the Eastern Partnership Civil Society Forum. The participants in the first CSP meeting adopted a joint declaration, assessing the state of play of the EU-Georgia Association Agreement's implementation and acknowledging the considerable progress achieved by Georgia since the beginning of the Association process. Nevertheless, they called ...
The 11th meeting of the EU-Ukraine Civil Society Platform took place on 20 April 2022. During the meeting, an exchange between authorities and members of the civil society platform was held with special focus on the unprovoked and unilateral armed aggression initiated by the Russian Federation against Ukraine on its independent and sovereign territory. A joint declaration, prepared by both sides, was discussed and adopted.
The 8th meeting of the EU-Georgia Civil Society Platform (CSP) was convened on 13 December 2021 via a videoconference.