The EESC issues between 160 and 190 opinions and information reports a year.
It also organises several annual initiatives and events with a focus on civil society and citizens’ participation such as the Civil Society Prize, the Civil Society Days, the Your Europe, Your Say youth plenary and the ECI Day.
The EESC brings together representatives from all areas of organised civil society, who give their independent advice on EU policies and legislation. The EESC's326 Members are organised into three groups: Employers, Workers and Various Interests.
The EESC has six sections, specialising in concrete topics of relevance to the citizens of the European Union, ranging from social to economic affairs, energy, environment, external relations or the internal market.
On Tuesday 24 January, the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) held an exchange of views with Guillaume Lafortune, Vice-President of the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network (UN SDSN), on the implementation of the UNSustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The debate revealed that the EU is failing to meet the objectives of the UN's 2030 Agenda. Yet, there is hope. The EU has the opportunity to take the lead, including through financial support. The EESC plays an important role in monitoring progress.
Mr Lafortune presented the 2022 Europe Sustainable Development Report, written with the support and collaboration of the EESC. Whereas the agreement on the Sustainable Development Goals by the global community marked a historical moment, their implementation is currently at risk of not being met. According to Mr Lafortune, the EU is failing to meet the objectives and, worldwide, progress is deteriorating overall. Developing countries in particular, which face severe financing constraints, are lagging behind.
Empowering Europe and accelerating SDG financing
Mr Lafortune called for stepping up EU domestic policies such as due diligence legislation, on the respect of social standards for example, and for more responsible consumption and innovation. However, these measures would need to go hand in hand with international cooperation. The report recommends that the EU advocate within the United Nations system for a global plan to scale-up international finance for the SDGs.
In her opening remarks, EESC President Christa Schweng, echoed this idea by saying Without the EU's leadership, achieving global transformations won't be easy. Now, more than ever, we need to invest in sustainable development goals and lead international efforts to accelerate SDG implementation.
The EESC role in the EU's First Voluntary Review
Mr Lafortune thanked the EESC for the partnership in drafting the Sustainable Development Report. Civil society has an important role in speaking truth to power and in providing solutions.
The EESC will also contribute to the reporting on the SDGs by the European Commission. To properly assess and present the progress made in the implementation of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, the European Commission will conduct for the first time in July 2023 a so-called Voluntary Review, in the framework of the UN High-Level Political Forum. In this context, the Commission has requested the EESC's support in gathering stakeholders' perspectives.
President of the EESC Agriculture, Rural Development and Environment Section (NAT), Peter Schmidt, emphasised that With the EESC's contribution to the first EU Voluntary Review on the SDGs, we stress that meaningful involvement of civil society is a key element to boosting SDG progress.The transformation to sustainability will only be successful if it is based on broad support, a just transition and active participation by all parts of society.
The 2022 Europe Sustainable Development Report assesses progress on the Sustainable Development Goals in the EU and its partner countries, and offers practical recommendations for enhancing the EU's leadership in achieving these goals.
The European Economic and Social Committee recommends a transversal approach to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), considering the interrelated nature of the SDGs and their respective targets, and proposes the launch of a new platform to foster structured civil society engagement on SDG-related policy.
Guillaume Lafortune, Vice-President of the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network: By living up to the ambitions of the European Green Deal at home and strengthening access to international SDG financing, the EU can achieve its strategic objectives and rally other countries to its values centred around human dignity, freedom, and the rule of law. The EU needs to push for this agenda within the UN system to make sure we won't look back to the SDGs as a failure in the future.
Arnaud Schwartz, EESC Member and President of the Sustainable Development Observatory: The EU needs to accelerate progress. We need an overarching EU strategy on the SDGs, going beyond sectoral approaches and encompassing all dimensions of sustainability.
Maurizio Reale, Member of the EESC Employers' Group: The transformation towards more sustainable development models is already happening, but to achieve the SDGs, the EU and our governments need to do more to encourage initiatives within a clear framework, and empower civil society.