Países do alargamento

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O CESE participa ativamente no processo de alargamento da UE e desenvolveu uma dupla abordagem – regional e bilateral – nas suas relações com as organizações da sociedade civil dos países do alargamento.

No que diz respeito à abordagem regional, o Comité de Acompanhamento para os Balcãs Ocidentais – órgão interno permanente do CESE – é o principal instrumento de coordenação das atividades do CESE nesta região. O Fórum da Sociedade Civil dos Balcãs Ocidentais, organizado de dois em dois anos, faz parte do trabalho do Comité de Acompanhamento.

O CESE também trabalha a nível bilateral com países dos Balcãs Ocidentais e a Turquia. Com base nos acordos de associação entre esses países e a UE, a fim de envolver as organizações da sociedade civil nos processos de pré-adesão e de adesão, o CESE criou três órgãos mistos com representantes da sociedade civil – com a Turquia, o Montenegro e a Sérvia. Cada órgão é composto por um número igual de membros do CESE e do país parceiro e reúne duas vezes por ano.

O CESE mantém contactos regulares e organiza atividades conjuntas com as organizações da sociedade civil dos países do alargamento com os quais ainda não foi criado um órgão conjunto de representantes da sociedade civil.

Os trabalhos dos órgãos conjuntos são complementados pela elaboração de pareceres do CESE sobre os processos de pré-adesão e de adesão de cada país, bem como sobre temas de interesse regional.

  • Em curso (updated on 17/05/2024) - Bureau decision date: 12/12/2023
    Referência
    NAT/924-EESC
    Civil Society Organisations - GR III
    Bulgaria
    Plenary session number
    589
    -
  • Adotados on 27/04/2021 - Bureau decision date: 01/12/2020
    Referência
    INT/930-EESC-2020-01-01
    Workers - GR II
    Malta

    The Communication stresses the EU's commitment to safeguarding an online environment providing the highest possible freedom and security, for the benefit of its citizens.

    EESC opinion: Communication on cybersecurity strategy
  • Adotados on 10/07/2014
    Referência
    REX/401-EESC-2014-1609
    Civil Society Organisations - GR III
    Plenary session number
    500
    -

    This own-initiative opinion will draw upon the first-hand experiences of the non-state actors (civil society, business and trade unions) engaged in the accession negotiations between Croatia and the EU over the period 2005-11, as well as experiences of EESC members who have been engaged in the work of Joint Consultative Committees (JCCs) with accession countries over the past seven years (Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey and Montenegro) as well as the Western Balkans Follow-up Committee.

    Enhancing the transparency and inclusiveness of the EU accession process
  • Adotados on 21/01/2014
    Referência
    ECO/359-EESC-2014-01-01-7379
    Employers - GR I
    Greece
    Plenary session number
    495
    -

    The EESC welcomes the special attention devoted to drawing up a European Union Strategy for the Adriatic and Ionian Region (EUSAIR), in order to support cohesion and competitiveness in the light of challenges that cannot be satisfactorily resolved by single regions or countries through the usual means. The EESC believes that EUSAIR must adopt a comprehensive programme with an action-oriented list of projects and schemes, and strongly recommends that better use be made of the private sector's potential to attract investment (both local and international) and to create business opportunities. Simultaneously, the strategy should include a stronger social dimension, in order to better support inclusive growth in the Adriatic and Ionian region.

    EU Strategy for the Adriatic and Ionian Region (EUSAIR)
  • Adotados on 10/07/2013
    Referência
    REX/381-EESC-2013-1176
    Civil Society Organisations - GR III
    Romania
    Workers - GR II
    Austria
    Plenary session number
    491
    -

    The opinion should take stock of the current situation of civil society in Serbia (legal environment, relations with the authorities, situation of social and civil dialogues) and propose recommendations for possible EU action in this field. The opinion will provide an opportunity to get the views of Serbian civil society organisations in the course of a study visit to Serbia.

    The role of civil society in EU-Serbia relations
  • Adotados on 12/03/2008
    Referência
    REX/239-EESC-2008-01-01-505
    Plenary session number
    443
    -
    EU-Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • Adotados on 24/10/2007
    Referência
    REX/237-EESC-2007-1468
    Civil Society Organisations - GR III
    Austria
    Plenary session number
    439
    -
    Croatia on the road to accession
  • The EESC has adopted an opinion on the new Reform and Growth Facility for the Western Balkans, at the Commission's request. The plan will support the Western Balkans to speed up regional economic cooperation. This is the first time the EU has focused on economic development and socioeconomic convergence in the region.

  • Reference number
    21/2024

    The 18th meeting of the EU-Montenegro Joint Consultative Committee (JCC), which took place in Podgorica today, sent a clear message to the EU institutions, that Montenegro is firmly committed to becoming the 28th member by 2028. The JCC members encouraged their organisations, the national authorities and the EU institutions to spare no efforts to accomplish the rule of law interim benchmarks. Obtaining the Interim Benchmark Assessment Report (IBAR) for the rule of law by June, will be a turning point in the EU accession process, enabling provisional closing of other chapters.

  • Reference number
    9/2024

    Today, the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) officially launched its initiative to welcome civil society representatives from EU candidate countries. A total of 131 'Enlargement Candidate Members' (ECM) were selected to make up  the pool of civil society experts who will be participating in the Committee's work, thus making the EESC the first institution to open its doors to EU candidate countries. The initiative, a political priority of EESC President Oliver Röpke, sets new standards for involving candidate countries in EU activities, facilitating their progressive and tangible integration into the EU.