Países do alargamento

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O CESE participa ativamente no processo de alargamento da UE e desenvolveu uma dupla abordagem – regional e bilateral – nas suas relações com as organizações da sociedade civil dos países do alargamento.

No que diz respeito à abordagem regional, o Comité de Acompanhamento para os Balcãs Ocidentais – órgão interno permanente do CESE – é o principal instrumento de coordenação das atividades do CESE nesta região. O Fórum da Sociedade Civil dos Balcãs Ocidentais, organizado de dois em dois anos, faz parte do trabalho do Comité de Acompanhamento.

O CESE também trabalha a nível bilateral com países dos Balcãs Ocidentais e a Turquia. Com base nos acordos de associação entre esses países e a UE, a fim de envolver as organizações da sociedade civil nos processos de pré-adesão e de adesão, o CESE criou três órgãos mistos com representantes da sociedade civil – com a Turquia, o Montenegro e a Sérvia. Cada órgão é composto por um número igual de membros do CESE e do país parceiro e reúne duas vezes por ano.

O CESE mantém contactos regulares e organiza atividades conjuntas com as organizações da sociedade civil dos países do alargamento com os quais ainda não foi criado um órgão conjunto de representantes da sociedade civil.

Os trabalhos dos órgãos conjuntos são complementados pela elaboração de pareceres do CESE sobre os processos de pré-adesão e de adesão de cada país, bem como sobre temas de interesse regional.

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Opinion
Adotados on 10/07/2014
Referência: 
REX/401-EESC-2014-1609
Reunião plenária: 
500 -
Jul 09, 2014 Jul 10, 2014

This own-initiative opinion will draw upon the first-hand experiences of the non-state actors (civil society, business and trade unions) engaged in the accession negotiations between Croatia and the EU over the period 2005-11, as well as experiences of EESC members who have been engaged in the work of Joint Consultative Committees (JCCs) with accession countries over the past seven years (Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey and Montenegro) as well as the Western Balkans Follow-up Committee.

Enhancing the transparency and inclusiveness of the EU accession process

Opinion
Adotados on 21/01/2014
Referência: 
ECO/359-EESC-2014-7379
Reunião plenária: 
495 -
Jan 21, 2014 Jan 22, 2014

The EESC welcomes the special attention devoted to drawing up a European Union Strategy for the Adriatic and Ionian Region (EUSAIR), in order to support cohesion and competitiveness in the light of challenges that cannot be satisfactorily resolved by single regions or countries through the usual means. The EESC believes that EUSAIR must adopt a comprehensive programme with an action-oriented list of projects and schemes, and strongly recommends that better use be made of the private sector's potential to attract investment (both local and international) and to create business opportunities. Simultaneously, the strategy should include a stronger social dimension, in order to better support inclusive growth in the Adriatic and Ionian region.

EU Strategy for the Adriatic and Ionian Region (EUSAIR)

Opinion
Adotados on 10/07/2013
Referência: 
REX/381-EESC-2013-1176
Reunião plenária: 
491 -
Jul 10, 2013 Jul 11, 2013

The opinion should take stock of the current situation of civil society in Serbia (legal environment, relations with the authorities, situation of social and civil dialogues) and propose recommendations for possible EU action in this field. The opinion will provide an opportunity to get the views of Serbian civil society organisations in the course of a study visit to Serbia.

The role of civil society in EU-Serbia relations

01/12/2022
News

The  EU-Serbia Joint Consultative Committee (JCC) held its 14th meeting on 29 November 2022 in Belgrade, to discuss the state of play in the accession process and reform policies in the country. The participants from Serbia and the EU Institutions, as well as from civil society organisations pointed out concerns and challenges that still need further improvement. The joint declaration of the EU-Serbia JCC was adopted unanimously.

25/05/2022
News

Cohesion policy is key to overcoming the COVID-19 crisis, to achieving climate neutrality by 2050 and to reducing disparities in Europe. Its most serious challenge for the foreseeable future, however, is the war in Ukraine, the EESC cautions in a recent opinion. Rapid action is needed to help refugees and ensure the country's European integration.

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