Thematic study group on the inclusion of the Roma - Related Documents
The High Commission for Migration is the national coordinator of the National Roma Integration Strategy. In the field of housing, very segregated neighbourhoods still persist, along with strong discrimination. Engaging with municipalities and mayors is crucial in order to improve the housing situation. Despite some positive changes over the past 3 years, education remains challenging; scholarships and financial support for students are urgently needed. In the field of antigypsyism, participants underlined the role of media in perpetuating stereotypes and fake news about Roma people. The National Roma Communities Integration Strategy is an achievement, however real dialogue between different areas and stakeholders is still lacking. The question of Roma political representation is crucial, and the involvement of Roma communities in the assessment of the NRIS is fundamental.
The country visit took place from 12 to 14 February in Portugal
The Department of National Minorities under the Government of the Republic of Lithuania coordinates the 2015-2020 Action Plan for Integration of Roma into the Lithuanian society. Housing remains the biggest challenge, with among others the dismantlement of the Kirtimai settlement in Vilnius which is related to cases of destruction and forced evictions. Key challenges regarding education are early dropouts and early marriages. Issues related to education are not related to unwillingness on the part of the Roma, but because the basic needs of the children are not met. The need to promote the access of Roma people to self-employment opportunities and trainings was a recurrent point throughout the country visit. This mission has confirmed the need to ensure the participation of Roma people in the post-2020 strategy, and the importance of Roma culture as an integral part of the strategy.
The country visit took place from 24 to 25 October 2019 in Lithuania.
The Netherlands have a set of policy measures within the Netherlands' social inclusion policies that correspond to the National Roma Integration Strategies. However, there is no systematic collection of data on the situation of Roma, Sinti and Travellers. Many Roma, Sinti and Travellers are concerned about the way the National Roma Integration Strategies are implemented in the Netherlands, and are very worried for the post-2020 period. Most of them experience the housing policy in the Netherlands as a repressive one. The country visit has shown the importance of acknowledging the diversity of the Roma, Sinti and Travellers, in order to better tackle antigypsyism and strengthen Roma inclusion.
The country visit took place from 9 to 10 July 2019 in the Netherlands.
Even though the percentage of Roma living in Italy is lower than in Eastern European countries, the Roma community is still living in great destitution and segregation. Antigypsyism is rising and the housing situation is very problematic, as shown in the closing of camps and forced evictions. In general, the National Roma Integration Strategies are not sufficiently monitored in Italy, because the strategy has been dispersed throughout various ministries and regional authorities.
The country visit took place from 5 to 7 February 2019 in Italy.
The objective of the study group is to tackle Roma inclusion, mainly by monitoring the implementation of the National Roma Integration Strategies. Inequality of opportunities is high in Bulgaria, and the Roma access to education, to health care, and to households with basic amenities is still problematic. The Roma also constitute the majority of long-term unemployed in the country. Although there are policies in place for Roma integration in Bulgaria, the fields of education, health and employment still need improvement. However, the country visit showed the importance of Roma mediators.
The country visit took place 22 October 2018 in Bulgaria.