Report on Competition Policy 2023


The Annual Competition Report for 2023 presents the key policy developments and legislative initiatives undertaken in 2022, as well as a selection of important enforcement actions.

The Report highlights the role of competition policy in protecting and empowering citizens and businesses and explains how a fit-for-purpose competition policy framework underpins the Commission's key political priorities towards a greener and increasingly digital economy, as well as an economy that works for people.

The Commission continued its review of competition regulations, guidelines and notices, to ensure that all enforcement instruments are fit for current and future challenges. It also continued to enforce the EU competition rules in the areas of antitrust, merger control and State aid control to the benefit of citizens and businesses of all sizes.

In response to a request from the European Council, the Report contains an overview and analysis of State aid decisions and their impact on competition in the Single Market and on EU competitiveness. In 2023, the Commission also started to apply new internal market enforcement tools, the Digital Markets Act and the Foreign Subsidies Regulation, complementing its competition policy toolbox.

Practical information