The definition of worker in the platform economy: Exploring workers’ risks and regulatory solutions

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This research report has been produced in the context of a project entitled ‘The definition of worker in the platform economy’ (CES/FSA/09/2020), which was commissioned by the workers’ group of the European Economic and Social Committee. The report aims to contribute to the debates on platform workers’ risks and regulatory solutions. The report explores the defining features of platform work in terms of prevalence, socio-demographic characteristics, algorithmic management and working conditions; substantiated by a comparison of four national responses to the emergence of platform work (Finland, Germany, Hungary and Spain). The report concludes by proposing a legal response aiming to improve labour rights and social protections for platform workers and other non-standard workers, based on the development of an EU definition of worker.

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The definition of worker in the platform economy: Exploring workers’ risks and regulatory solutions