New EU urban mobility framework

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EESC opinion: New EU urban mobility framework

Practical information

  • Composition of Study Group
  • Administrator: Erika PAULINOVA, Assistant: Baiba SPUNDE 
  • Foreseen for the EESC Section: 7 April 2022
  • Foreseen for the EESC Plenary session: 18-19 May 2022

Gist of the Commission document

Europe is one of the most urbanised regions in the world. When it comes to urban planning and urban quality of life, European cities are often looked up to by the rest of the world as attractive places to visit, live, study, work and do business in, with mobility and transport as key enablers. As main connection points, cities are key components of the trans-European transport network (TEN-T), the backbone of the Single European Transport Area and essential for a well-functioning single market.

However, cities are still facing major challenges to further improve their mobility and transport system. At the same time, they have to fully tackle the negative consequences of transport for society, health and environment, namely the creation of greenhouse gas emissions, air and noise pollution as well as congestion and road fatalities.

Therefore, in order to contribute to the EU’s increasingly ambitious climate, environmental, digital, health and societal objectives, the EU needs to take more decisive action on urban mobility to shift from the current approach based on traffic flows to an approach based on moving people and goods more sustainably. This means a stronger collective / public transport backbone, better active mobility (e.g. walking, cycling) options and efficient zero-emission urban logistics and last mile deliveries. While such multimodality should be our guiding principles for urban mobility, zero-emission and connected and automated mobility will be a key component of the transition to a climate-neutral urban future that also enables suburban and rural areas to connect sustainably with cities. Better management of transport and mobility using multimodal hubs and digital solutions is needed to increase system-wide efficiency.