Enhancing the convergence of insolvency proceedings

EESC opinion: Enhancing the convergence of insolvency proceedings

Key points


  • underlines that a properly designed insolvency regime should help viable businesses to remain operational, avoiding their premature liquidation. The aim should be to find a balance between premature insolvency and proceedings starting too late;
  • doubts whether the proposal, which is presented as an important step in closing relevant gaps for the improvement of the EU's Capital Market Union, can actually fulfil this expectation. The proposal falls short of providing a harmonised definition of insolvency grounds and the ranking of claims, both of which are key to achieving greater efficiency and limiting the existing fragmentation in national insolvency rules;
  • urges the Commission, the Parliament and the Council to revise the proposal in Article 27 to oblige counterparties, e.g. suppliers to a business that is entering insolvency proceeding, to sign executory contracts, which are then assigned to the acquirer of the business without the consent of the counterparty;
  • welcomes the proposal to introduce a special procedure to facilitate and speed up the winding down of microenterprises, allowing for a more cost-efficient insolvency process for such enterprises;
  • recommends resorting to other competent players, other than national courts, such as insolvency practitioners, to help reduce the burden on the judiciary;
  • is of the view that efficient insolvency and creditor/debtor rights (ICR) regimes are one of the complementary tools in the policy maker's arsenal to contain the growth of NPLs (non-performing loans) by increasing loan repayment probability and by adjusting NPL levels more quickly.


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