The EESC issues between 160 and 190 opinions and information reports a year.
It also organises several annual initiatives and events with a focus on civil society and citizens’ participation such as the Civil Society Prize, the Civil Society Days, the Your Europe, Your Say youth plenary and the ECI Day.
The EESC brings together representatives from all areas of organised civil society, who give their independent advice on EU policies and legislation. The EESC's326 Members are organised into three groups: Employers, Workers and Various Interests.
The EESC has six sections, specialising in concrete topics of relevance to the citizens of the European Union, ranging from social to economic affairs, energy, environment, external relations or the internal market.
In the current geopolitical context, dominated by increasing technological competition the boundaries between economy and security are increasingly blurred. At the core economic security is about using economic measures and tools for security purposes. Shocks such as the COVID-19 pandemic and Russia's war of aggression against Ukraine have highlighted the risks inherent in excessive economic dependencies. Such risks – unless properly managed – can challenge the functioning of our democratic societies and of our economies by limiting our ability to act. At heart, this is about our freedoms and sovereignty.
It is therefore crucial for the EU to develop an economic security framework driven by its own objectives and interests, aiming to maximise the benefits of European traditional economic openness, which we want to keep, while minimising the risks that stem from excessive dependencies and vulnerabilities.
Some of our member states have taken action by introducing measures to address strategic dependencies in critical raw materials and other inputs or by taking national measures to address leakage risks for very sensitive technologies. However, no member state acting alone can ensure its economic security.
The strategy proposes a thorough risk assessment in four areas:
risks to the resilience of supply chains, including energy security;
risks to physical and cyber security of critical infrastructure;
risks related to technology security and technology leakage;
risks of weaponisation of economic dependencies or economic coercion.
The strategy to mitigate these risks has three policy strands:
promoting the EU's economic base and competitiveness;
protecting against risks; and
partnering with the broadest possible range of countries to address shared concerns and interests
The strategy proposes actions which include:
establish a list of technologies which are critical to economic security and assess their risks with a view to devising appropriate mitigating measures
further support EU technological sovereignty and resilience of EU value chains, including by developing critical technologies through Strategic Technologies for Europe Platform (STEP)
ensure adequate targeted support for research and development of dual-use technologies