The EESC issues between 160 and 190 opinions and information reports a year.
It also organises several annual initiatives and events with a focus on civil society and citizens’ participation such as the Civil Society Prize, the Civil Society Days, the Your Europe, Your Say youth plenary and the ECI Day.
The EESC brings together representatives from all areas of organised civil society, who give their independent advice on EU policies and legislation. The EESC's326 Members are organised into three groups: Employers, Workers and Various Interests.
The EESC has six sections, specialising in concrete topics of relevance to the citizens of the European Union, ranging from social to economic affairs, energy, environment, external relations or the internal market.
The EESC welcomes the establishment of general economic policy guidelines for the countries of the euro area and supports the formulation of recommendations tailored to each country as well as measures to assess their implementation.
However, the Committee regards the current macroeconomic policy mix as unbalanced, since it overlooks the significance of demand and distributive justice.
The Committee calls for stricter regulation of financial markets taking account of the shadow banking systems and coordinated at G-20 level, as well as bringing back the financial system into line with the needs of the real economy.
A credible solidarity-based safety net including a strong building on earned trust could ensure that any speculation against countries in difficulty is futile and thus reduce their financing costs.
The EESC calls for a general re-think not only of expenditure but also of tax systems, with due regard for distributive justice.
Policies should capitalise more on the fact that the negative income and employment multipliers of revenue-related measures are generally more limited than those of spending cuts.
The Committee reiterates its call for a wage policy that makes full use of the scope for productivity, and rejects any state interference in the autonomous collective bargaining policy.
The importance for competitiveness of non–price factors is often overlooked. Europe will only be successful in the global race if it pursues a "high road" strategy of high-quality added value.
The Committee calls for a stronger role for the social partners and for closer Europe-wide coordination of wage policy, for example by introducing macroeconomic dialogue in the euro area.