The EESC issues between 160 and 190 opinions and information reports a year.
It also organises several annual initiatives and events with a focus on civil society and citizens’ participation such as the Civil Society Prize, the Civil Society Days, the Your Europe, Your Say youth plenary and the ECI Day.
The EESC brings together representatives from all areas of organised civil society, who give their independent advice on EU policies and legislation. The EESC's326 Members are organised into three groups: Employers, Workers and Various Interests.
The EESC has six sections, specialising in concrete topics of relevance to the citizens of the European Union, ranging from social to economic affairs, energy, environment, external relations or the internal market.
In an own-initiative opinion, the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) proposes creating a Climate Adjustment Fund (CAF) to ensure a rapid response to new climate and energy crises. The CAF would complement existing EU policies and ensure more effective use of existing funding.
In the opinion approved at the EESC plenary session in September, the Committee noted the increasing severity of climate change, as seen in extensive flooding and wildfires in Europe in 2021 and the drought affecting half of the European continent this year.
While it has provided impressive support to Member States since 2002, the EU Solidarity Fund with its EUR 500 million annual budget cannot cover the costs of the damage caused by natural disasters in 2021, the EESC warned. Flooding in Western Europe alone caused damage estimated at EUR 38 billion.
Rapporteur Ioannis Vardakastanis said: Our vision for a CAF is to ensure a strong funding mechanism, using existing EU funds, to respond quickly to emergencies and help rebuild damaged communities. It is a very ambitious way to rebuild and protect areas affected by pressing climate, energy and environmental crises.
Responding to the energy crisis
Russia's invasion of Ukraine has highlighted the need for the EU to ensure its energy independence. While funding for the energy transition is already ambitious, the existence of several different funds risks duplication and inefficiency, and also combines long-term objectives with emergency response, the EESC believes.
The EU is already focused on the development of green energy over the long term. The CAF would address the need for urgent investment in alternative energy sources more effectively than existing mechanisms. This is especially relevant now, when many people face being unable to pay their gas or electricity bills.
Financed by Cohesion Fund and NextGenerationEU
The CAF would be used to respond to natural disasters in the short term and this would complement spending from the five EU structural and investment funds on long-term disaster preparation and prevention, the EESC proposes.
Having a single funding programme would ensure more efficient disaster response and allow better monitoring of investment needs, the EESC recommends.
The criteria for awarding funding from the CAF could be based on the approach used by NextGenerationEU: EU countries would qualify for financing on condition that it is used to combat climate change and that projects involve both social partners and civil society.
Since the CAF alone would be unable to fully meet the needs of countries responding to crises, the EU should promote disaster insurance for EU countries, the EESC proposes. Disaster insurance would help reduce pressure on other EU funds. CAF funding could also be boosted with private funding.
Co-rapporteur Judith Vorbach said: We are not adequately prepared to respond to emergencies and disasters due to the climate change and the energy crisis, either in terms of volume of funds or of timeliness. The establishment of a Climate Adjustment Fund would be an important tool to fix that.
EESC believes that there is a need to have a clear and structured view of which funds are targeted to tackle climate change and how they are managed. With an approved budget of over EUR 330 billion in the current programming period, cohesion policy is the largest and most important investment tool in Europe. As 30% of both the Cohesion Fund and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) will need to be spent on projects for decarbonising our economy, cohesion policy has a crucial role in tackling climate change. Moreover, funds will also be made available under NGEU, as the green transition is one of the main targets of recovery and resilience after COVID-19.
EESC opinion: Climate Adjustment Fund financed by Cohesion and NGEU