The EESC issues between 160 and 190 opinions and information reports a year.
It also organises several annual initiatives and events with a focus on civil society and citizens’ participation such as the Civil Society Prize, the Civil Society Days, the Your Europe, Your Say youth plenary and the ECI Day.
The EESC brings together representatives from all areas of organised civil society, who give their independent advice on EU policies and legislation. The EESC's326 Members are organised into three groups: Employers, Workers and Various Interests.
The EESC has six sections, specialising in concrete topics of relevance to the citizens of the European Union, ranging from social to economic affairs, energy, environment, external relations or the internal market.
The present study contributes to the discussion on the new European tax or fee, which would be based on taxing end consumption (taxing the products and not the production) according to how much CO2 is emitted during the production of particular commodities, irrespective of whether all or a part of this process takes place inside or outside the EU.
The analysis is based on the input-output model, which provides an appropriate and unique approach for measuring the total CO2 content of the various commodities taking the entire production chain into account. The calculation by products can be the basis for the estimation of product specific CO2 taxes. The model calculations based on the Input-Output Table for the EU-27 for the year 2011 leads to the tax rate of EUR 40.69 per tonne of CO2 emissions, which could have generated fiscal revenue in the amount of 1% of EU GDP. In line with the principle of fiscal neutrality, a reduction of the labour costs by 2.03 % could compensate the introduction of a CO2 tax by the amount of EUR 40.69 per tonne of CO2.
The results for different Member States differ significantly from the "European average".
Analysis and quantification of a new fiscally neutral European tax