On track for sustainable mobility
Transport is a sector of vital importance to Europe. It employs some 10 million people, and accounts for more than 10% of the European Union’s GDP: around €1000 billion per year. It comprises one of the EU’s most significant fields of action, and has a major impact on social and environmental wellbeing in both cities and rural areas.
Progress in the transport sector clearly involves building better and greener infrastructure – whether road or rail. But it also means cutting CO2 emissions and energy consumption, and tackling congestion and lack of access which can isolate individuals – especially elderly or disabled people – in their homes. Thanks to the expertise of our members in the TEN (Transport, Energy, Infrastructure and Information Society) Section, the EESC examines and assesses EU transport policies from the point of view of the needs and interests of all segments of European civil society.
More than half of the TEN Section’s opinions each year relate to transport. Most of them are drawn up in response to a request from the European Commission and Council. But we also produce own-initiative and exploratory opinions on topical and newly emerging transport questions. The Section has set up a permanent study group to monitor the development of trans-European transport networks.
According to the EESC, European transport policy must conform to the three pillars of sustainable development, in particular when it comes to building new infrastructure. Planning and investment should promote economic growth, social wellbeing and environmental protection. To achieve a well-functioning and competitive single market in a growing Union, first-rate transport systems are essential.