EU-Central America Association Agreement

The trade pillar of the EU-Central America Association Agreement entered into force in 2013. Similarly to other recently negotiated EU trade agreements, it includes a Trade and Sustainable Development Title, i.e. the Parties’ commitments in the area of labour and environment-related matters being of importance for their trade relations and the overall objective of supporting sustainable development. For example, the Parties will promote development of macroeconomic policies in a way that is conducive to full and productive employment and decent work for all. The Parties commit also to implement effectively in their laws and practice the fundamental conventions of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) – all already ratified by the EU Member States and Central American countries respectively. These conventions promote freedom of association, collective bargaining and non-discrimination at work, and aim at elimination of child labour and forced labour.

Similarly, the Parties will effectively implement, in their laws and practice the multilateral environmental agreements, to which they are party. These include e.g. the Convention on Biological Diversity, the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES).

The EU and Central American countries have also committed to ensure a high level of labour and environmental protection in their domestic legislation, to strive to improve the laws and policies in these areas, and not to lower them in order to attract trade or investment. They have also expressed the will to cooperate in areas related to trade and respectively: labour, environment and sustainable development. This includes facilitation of trade and investment in environmental technologies and services, promotion of renewable energy and energy efficient products, promotion of corporate social responsibility (CSR), and of trade in products subject to ethical or fair trade schemes. Cooperation may also include trade-related aspects of sustainable management of forest resources, promotion of sustainable fishing and other relevant areas.

The Parties also committed to monitor impacts of the Agreement.


Useful links:

- 2015 Annual Report

- 2016 Annual Report  (2016 Spanish version)