Any person holding the nationality of a Member State is by default a citizen of the Union. EU citizenship is in addition to and does not replace national citizenship.
Citizenship of the European Union is conferred directly on every EU citizen by the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU. The rights entailed in citizenship include the right to move and reside freely within the EU, to vote for and stand as a candidate in European Parliament and municipal elections, to be protected by the diplomatic and consular authorities of any other EU country and to petition the European Parliament and complain to the Ombudsman.
The Lisbon Treaty has introduced a new form of public participation for European citizens, called the Citizens' initiative. It allows a group of one million citizens to call directly on the European Commission to propose a specific initiative.
EESC on Citizenship
You can find links to all the EESC's events, opinions and other activities on "Citizenship" in the green and red boxes on this page.