Țări implicate în procesul de aderare

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CESE este implicat în mod activ în procesul de extindere a UE și a dezvoltat o dublă abordare – regională și bilaterală – pentru relațiile sale cu organizațiile societății civile (OSC) din țările implicate în procesul de aderare.

În ceea ce privește abordarea regională, Comitetul de monitorizare „Balcanii de Vest” – un organism intern permanent al CESE – este principalul instrument de coordonare a activităților CESE în regiune. Forumul societății civile din Balcanii de Vest, organizat din doi în doi ani, face parte din activitatea Comitetului de monitorizare.

De asemenea, CESE colaborează la nivel bilateral cu țări din Balcanii de Vest și cu Turcia. Pe baza acordurilor de asociere dintre aceste țări și UE, în vederea implicării OSC în procesele de preaderare și de aderare, CESE a creat trei organisme comune cu reprezentanții societății civile din Turcia, din Muntenegru și din Serbia. Fiecare organism este alcătuit dintr-un număr egal de membri din partea CESE și din partea țării partenere și se întrunește de două ori pe an.

CESE întreține contacte regulate și organizează activități comune cu OSC din țările implicate în procesul de aderare cu care încă nu a fost instituit niciun organism comun al reprezentanților societății civile.

Activitatea organismelor comune este completată de elaborarea avizelor CESE privind procesele de preaderare și de aderare ale fiecărei țări, precum și a unor avize pe teme de interes regional.

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    Today, the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) officially launched its initiative to welcome civil society representatives from EU candidate countries. A total of 131 'Enlargement Candidate Members' (ECM) were selected to make up  the pool of civil society experts who will be participating in the Committee's work, thus making the EESC the first institution to open its doors to EU candidate countries. The initiative, a political priority of EESC President Oliver Röpke, sets new standards for involving candidate countries in EU activities, facilitating their progressive and tangible integration into the EU.

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    In the run-up to the EU-Western Balkans Summit, the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) met with Montenegrin civil society on 7 December 2023 to take stock of the country's accession progress, and in particular its public administration reform. The participants raised concerns about the weakening capacity of the country's public administration to respond to the growing demands of the EU agenda. However, with the new government, there is a window of opportunity for the necessary reforms to move forward in the accession negotiations.

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    The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) held the 9th edition of the Western Balkans Civil Society Forum on 19-20 October 2023, just a few weeks ahead of the European Commission's Enlargement Package and the New Growth Plan. The Forum signalled a renewed momentum for the region to join the EU, in view of the current geopolitical situation and a clear commitment of EU leaders to the enlargement policy. Representatives of Civil Society Organisations stressed the need for greater support and safeguarding of civic space to facilitate the essential socio-economic reforms required for EU integration.

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    The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) welcomed representatives from civil society organisations from candidate countries at its July plenary session, announcing the initiative to appoint Honorary Enlargement Members and invite them to participate in the daily advisory work of the Committee

  • The  EU-Serbia Joint Consultative Committee (JCC) held its 14th meeting on 29 November 2022 in Belgrade, to discuss the state of play in the accession process and reform policies in the country. The participants from Serbia and the EU Institutions, as well as from civil society organisations pointed out concerns and challenges that still need further improvement. The joint declaration of the EU-Serbia JCC was adopted unanimously.

  • Panel I - In the shadow of war: Europe's new geopolitical context and the consequences for the future of the EU, Zagreb

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    The high-level civil society conference on youth policy in the Western Balkans, hosted by the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC), highlighted the key role of young people for the future of the region and called for their active involvement in policy-making. 

  • Cohesion policy is key to overcoming the COVID-19 crisis, to achieving climate neutrality by 2050 and to reducing disparities in Europe. Its most serious challenge for the foreseeable future, however, is the war in Ukraine, the EESC cautions in a recent opinion. Rapid action is needed to help refugees and ensure the country's European integration.

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    On 24 May in Sarajevo, the EESC's Western Balkans Follow-up Committee held its yearly external meeting - for the first time since the COVID-19 pandemic - to meet with civil society organisations (CSOs) in Bosnia and Herzegovina and discuss their role and concerns regarding the current situation. The conclusions will be conveyed to the country's political authorities and to the EU institutions.


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    The May plenary session of the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) hosted a debate led by its President Christa Schweng and the President of the European Council Charles Michel on Europe's response to this turning point in history.