The EESC issues between 160 and 190 opinions and information reports a year.
It also organises several annual initiatives and events with a focus on civil society and citizens’ participation such as the Civil Society Prize, the Civil Society Days, the Your Europe, Your Say youth plenary and the ECI Day.
The EESC brings together representatives from all areas of organised civil society, who give their independent advice on EU policies and legislation. The EESC's326 Members are organised into three groups: Employers, Workers and Various Interests.
The EESC has six sections, specialising in concrete topics of relevance to the citizens of the European Union, ranging from social to economic affairs, energy, environment, external relations or the internal market.
A few weeks before the European Commission was to vote on a ten year renewal of the glyphosate licence, the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) offered a forum for discussion during its plenary on Wednesday. Two of the European Citizens' Initiative (ECI) proponents, David Schwartz from WeMove.org and Herman van Bekkem from Greenpeace, were invited to present the goals of their initiative.
President Georges Dassis emphasised the importance of the European Citizens' Initiative for Europeans to engage in EU policy making. As a bridge between the EU and European citizens, the EESC considers it essential to provide a forum where successful initiatives can be presented. In this particular case it is even more important to listen to the ECI proponents, as there is still no common position at European level on whether to ban glyphosate or not, said Mr Dassis.
The proponents of the ECI to ban glyphosate which is the fourth successful since its launch in 2011, reported that they collected over 1.3 million signatures within only 5 months, making it also the "quickest" ECI ever. They believed that the EU's goal should be a pesticide free future and called for a CAP reform which includes toxic free methods.
The question of a possible ban on glyphosate has indeed been dividing public opinion all over Europe, as was shown by a debate organised earlier this year by the EESC's NAT section.
Glyphosate has not been the object of recent opinions by the Committee. The various statements of EESC members during the debate reflected European society's diverging views on this sensitive issue, not least because of the controversial results of impact studies. Brendan Burns, the President of the EESC's NAT got to the heart of the issue: No one wants unhealthy chemicals in our environment or food. However, the debate we organized on 5 April at our section meeting, with ECI promoters and an equal number of pro- and anti-glyphosate representatives as speakers, demonstrated that there is no consensus on the environmental and health effects of glyphosate.
EESC-President Georges Dassis concluded: We are not scientists, but obviously we have to accept studies, provided these are objective studies. People should definitely be placed above the interests of multinational corporations, and 1.3 million Europeans cannot be ignored. It is the EU's very duty to respond to its citizens in a solution-oriented way based on real scientific arguments.
The European Citizens Initiative "Ban Glyphosate" was only registered in January this year, gaining more than 1.3 million supporting signatures in only 5 months. This ECI proposes a ban on glyphosate, a reform of the pesticide approval procedure and EU-wide mandatory reduction targets for pesticide use.
At the annual ECI-Day organised by the EESC on 11 April 2017, EC Vice-President Timmermans announced a revision of the ECI rules in order to make it simpler and allow more citizens to participate in European policy making. As a follow up, the Commission presented the new ECI proposal on 13 September 2017 as part of the package accompanying the State of the Union.
The ECI was introduced by the Lisbon Treaty and launched as an agenda-setting tool in the hands of citizens in April 2012, with the entry into force of the ECI Regulation, which implements the Treaty provisions.
Once formally registered, an ECI allows one million citizens from at least one quarter of EU Member States to invite the European Commission to propose a legal act in areas where the Commission has the power to do so.
If – and only if – a registered ECI receives the signatures of one million validated statements of support from at least seven Member States, the Commission must decide whether or not it will act, and explain the reasons for its choice.
On 5 April, the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC)'s NAT section invited supporters and opponents of the European Citizens' Initiative calling for a ban on glyphosate to debate in its premises. A million supporters from at least 7 member states are needed in order for the Commission to consider taking action about this substance along the demands of the ECI. After two months the initiative has already collected over 640,000 signatures. The ECI includes three requests: firstly, a ban on glyphosate, secondly, a reform of the pesticide approval procedure, and thirdly, setting EU-wide mandatory reduction targets for pesticide use.